dark


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Related to dark: dark horse, dark matter

dark

 (därk)
adj. dark·er, dark·est
1.
a. Lacking or having very little light: a dark corner.
b. Lacking brightness: a dark day.
c. Reflecting only a small fraction of incident light; tending toward black: dark clothing.
d. Served without milk or cream: dark coffee.
2. Being or having a complexion that is not light in color.
3. Sullen or threatening: a dark scowl.
4.
a. Characterized by gloom or pessimism; dismal or bleak: a dark day for the economy; dark predictions of what lies in store.
b. Being or characterized by morbid or grimly satiric humor.
5.
a. Unknown or concealed; mysterious: a dark secret; the dark workings of the unconscious.
b. Lacking enlightenment, knowledge, or culture: a dark age in the history of education.
6.
a. Evil in nature or effect; sinister: "churned up dark undercurrents of ethnic and religious hostility" (Peter Maas).
b. Morally corrupt; vicious: dark deeds; a dark past.
7. Having richness or depth: a dark, melancholy vocal tone.
8. Not giving performances; closed: The movie theater is dark on Mondays.
9. Linguistics Pronounced with the back of the tongue raised toward the velum. Used of the sound (l) in words like full.
n.
1. Absence of light.
2. A place having little or no light.
3. Night; nightfall: home before dark.
4. A deep hue or color.
5. darks Pieces of laundry having a dark color.
Idiom:
in the dark
1. In secret: high-level decisions made in the dark.
2. In a state of ignorance; uninformed: kept me in the dark about their plans.

[Middle English derk, from Old English deorc.]

dark′ish adj.
dark′ly adv.
dark′ness n.
Synonyms: dark, dim, murky, dusky, shady, shadowy
These adjectives indicate the absence of light or clarity. Dark, the most widely applicable, can refer to a lack or near lack of illumination (a dark night), deepness of shade or color (dark brown), somberness (a dark mood), or immorality (a dark past). Dim means having or producing little light (dim shadows; a dim light bulb) and further suggests lack of sharpness or clarity: "the terrible dim faces known in dreams" (Carson McCullers). "tales now dim and half forgotten" (Jane Stevenson).
Murky refers to a thick or clouded darkness: "Dolphins use sonar beams to navigate the murky depths of the ocean" (Tim Hilchey).
Like dim, it is also used of what is indistinct or uncertain: "Modern warfare is murky, and with no clear frontlines, the distinction between combat and support can become meaningless" (Kristin Henderson).
Dusky suggests a subdued half-light: "The dusky night rides down the sky, / And ushers in the morn" (Henry Fielding).
It can also refer to deepness or darkness of color: "A dusky blush rose to her cheek" (Edith Wharton).
Shady refers literally to what is sheltered from light, especially sunlight (a shady grove of pines) or figuratively to what is of questionable honesty (shady business deals). Shadowy also implies obstructed light (an ill-lit, shadowy street) but may refer to what is indistinct or little known: "[He] retreated from the limelight to the shadowy fringe of music history" (Charles Sherman).
It can also refer to something that seems to lack substance and is mysterious or sinister: a shadowy figure in a black cape.

dark

(dɑːk)
adj
1. having little or no light: a dark street.
2. (Colours) (of a colour) reflecting or transmitting little light: dark brown. Compare light129, medium2
3.
a. (of complexion, hair colour, etc) not fair or blond; swarthy; brunette
b. (in combination): dark-eyed.
4. gloomy or dismal
5. sinister; evil: a dark purpose.
6. sullen or angry: a dark scowl.
7. ignorant or unenlightened: a dark period in our history.
8. secret or mysterious: keep it dark.
9. (Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics denoting an (l) pronounced with a velar articulation giving back vowel resonance. In English, l is usually dark when final or preconsonantal. Compare light130
10. (Stock Exchange) go dark stock exchange informal (of a company) to remove itself from the register of major exchanges while continuing to trade
n
11. absence of light; darkness
12. night or nightfall
13. a dark place, patch, or shadow
14. a state of ignorance (esp in the phrase in the dark)
vb
an archaic word for darken
[Old English deorc; related to Old High German terchennen to hide]
ˈdarkish adj
ˈdarkly adv
ˈdarkness n

dark

(dɑrk)

adj. dark•er, dark•est,
n., v., - adj.
1. having very little or no light: a dark room.
2. radiating, admitting, or reflecting little light: a dark color.
3. approaching black in hue: a dark brown.
4. not pale or fair; swarthy: a dark complexion.
5. brunette; dark-colored: dark eyebrows.
6. having brunette hair.
7. (of coffee) containing only a small amount of milk or cream.
8. gloomy; dismal: the dark days of the war.
9. sullen; frowning: a dark expression.
10. evil; iniquitous; wicked: a dark plot.
11. destitute of knowledge or culture; unenlightened.
12. hard to understand; obscure.
13. hidden; secret.
14. (of a theater) offering no performances; closed.
15. (of an l-sound) pronounced with the back of the tongue raised, giving back-vowel resonance, as the l in full.
n.
16. the absence of light.
17. night; nightfall: to come home after dark.
18. a dark place.
19. a dark color.
v.t., v.i. Obs.
20. to make or grow dark; darken.
Idioms:
in the dark, in ignorance; uninformed.
[before 1000; Middle English derk, Old English deorc]

dark


Past participle: darked
Gerund: darking

Imperative
dark
dark
Present
I dark
you dark
he/she/it darks
we dark
you dark
they dark
Preterite
I darked
you darked
he/she/it darked
we darked
you darked
they darked
Present Continuous
I am darking
you are darking
he/she/it is darking
we are darking
you are darking
they are darking
Present Perfect
I have darked
you have darked
he/she/it has darked
we have darked
you have darked
they have darked
Past Continuous
I was darking
you were darking
he/she/it was darking
we were darking
you were darking
they were darking
Past Perfect
I had darked
you had darked
he/she/it had darked
we had darked
you had darked
they had darked
Future
I will dark
you will dark
he/she/it will dark
we will dark
you will dark
they will dark
Future Perfect
I will have darked
you will have darked
he/she/it will have darked
we will have darked
you will have darked
they will have darked
Future Continuous
I will be darking
you will be darking
he/she/it will be darking
we will be darking
you will be darking
they will be darking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been darking
you have been darking
he/she/it has been darking
we have been darking
you have been darking
they have been darking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been darking
you will have been darking
he/she/it will have been darking
we will have been darking
you will have been darking
they will have been darking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been darking
you had been darking
he/she/it had been darking
we had been darking
you had been darking
they had been darking
Conditional
I would dark
you would dark
he/she/it would dark
we would dark
you would dark
they would dark
Past Conditional
I would have darked
you would have darked
he/she/it would have darked
we would have darked
you would have darked
they would have darked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dark - absence of light or illuminationdark - absence of light or illumination  
illumination - the degree of visibility of your environment
night - darkness; "it vanished into the night"
lightlessness, pitch blackness, total darkness, black, blackness - total absence of light; "they fumbled around in total darkness"; "in the black of night"
brownout, dimout, blackout - darkness resulting from the extinction of lights (as in a city invisible to enemy aircraft)
semidarkness - partial darkness
lighting, light - having abundant light or illumination; "they played as long as it was light"; "as long as the lighting was good"
2.dark - absence of moral or spiritual values; "the powers of darkness"
condition, status - a state at a particular time; "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
foulness - disgusting wickedness and immorality; "he understood the foulness of sin"; "his display of foulness deserved severe punishment"; "mouths which speak such foulness must be cleansed"
3.dark - an unilluminated area; "he moved off into the darkness"
scene - the place where some action occurs; "the police returned to the scene of the crime"
4.dark - the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outsidedark - the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outside
period, period of time, time period - an amount of time; "a time period of 30 years"; "hastened the period of time of his recovery"; "Picasso's blue period"
24-hour interval, day, mean solar day, solar day, twenty-four hour period, twenty-four hours - time for Earth to make a complete rotation on its axis; "two days later they left"; "they put on two performances every day"; "there are 30,000 passengers per day"
weeknight - any night of the week except Saturday or Sunday
evening - the early part of night (from dinner until bedtime) spent in a special way; "an evening at the opera"
late-night hour - the latter part of night
midnight - 12 o'clock at night; the middle of the night; "young children should not be allowed to stay up until midnight"
small hours - the hours just after midnight
lights-out - a prescribed bedtime
wedding night - the night after the wedding when bride and groom sleep together
5.dark - an unenlightened state; "he was in the dark concerning their intentions"; "his lectures dispelled the darkness"
unenlightenment - a lack of understanding
Adj.1.dark - devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black; "sitting in a dark corner"; "a dark day"; "dark shadows"; "dark as the inside of a black cat"
light - characterized by or emitting light; "a room that is light when the shutters are open"; "the inside of the house was airy and light"
2.dark - (used of color) having a dark hue; "dark green"; "dark glasses"; "dark colors like wine red or navy blue"
black - being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light; "black leather jackets"; "as black as coal"; "rich black soil"
light-colored, light - (used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent; "light blue"; "light colors such as pastels"; "a light-colored powder"
3.dark - brunet (used of hair or skin or eyes); "dark eyes"
brunet, brunette - marked by dark or relatively dark pigmentation of hair or skin or eyes; "a brunette beauty"
4.dark - stemming from evil characteristics or forcesdark - stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; "black deeds"; "a black lie"; "his black heart has concocted yet another black deed"; "Darth Vader of the dark side"; "a dark purpose"; "dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility"; "the scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him"-Thomas Hardy
evil - morally bad or wrong; "evil purposes"; "an evil influence"; "evil deeds"
5.dark - secret; "keep it dark"
concealed - hidden on any grounds for any motive; "a concealed weapon"; "a concealed compartment in his briefcase"
6.dark - showing a brooding ill humor; "a dark scowl"; "the proverbially dour New England Puritan"; "a glum, hopeless shrug"; "he sat in moody silence"; "a morose and unsociable manner"; "a saturnine, almost misanthropic young genius"- Bruce Bliven; "a sour temper"; "a sullen crowd"
ill-natured - having an irritable and unpleasant disposition
7.dark - lacking enlightenment or knowledge or culturedark - lacking enlightenment or knowledge or culture; "this benighted country"; "benighted ages of barbarism and superstition"; "the dark ages"; "a dark age in the history of education"
unenlightened - not enlightened; ignorant; "the devices by which unenlightened men preserved the unjust social order"
8.dark - marked by difficulty of style or expression; "much that was dark is now quite clear to me"; "those who do not appreciate Kafka's work say his style is obscure"
uncomprehensible, incomprehensible - difficult to understand; "the most incomprehensible thing about the universe is that it is comprehensible"- A. Einstein
9.dark - causing dejection; "a blue day"; "the dark days of the war"; "a week of rainy depressing weather"; "a disconsolate winter landscape"; "the first dismal dispiriting days of November"; "a dark gloomy day"; "grim rainy weather"
cheerless, depressing, uncheerful - causing sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy; "the economic outlook is depressing"; "something cheerless about the room"; "a moody and uncheerful person"; "an uncheerful place"
10.dark - having skin rich in melanin pigments; "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People"; "dark-skinned peoples"
black - of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin; "a great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization"- Martin Luther King Jr.
11.dark - not giving performances; closed; "the theater is dark on Mondays"
inactive - lacking activity; lying idle or unused; "an inactive mine"; "inactive accounts"; "inactive machinery"

dark

adjective
1. dim, murky, shady, shadowy, grey, cloudy, dingy, overcast, dusky, unlit, pitch-black, indistinct, poorly lit, sunless, tenebrous, darksome (literary), pitchy, unilluminated It was a dark and stormy night.
2. black, brunette, ebony, dark-skinned, sable, dusky, swarthy a tall, dark and handsome stranger
black light, fair, blonde, blond, fair-haired, flaxen-haired, light-complexioned, towheaded
3. evil, foul, horrible, sinister, infamous, vile, satanic, wicked, atrocious, sinful, hellish, infernal, nefarious, damnable magicians who harnessed dark powers
5. gloomy, sad, grim, miserable, low, bleak, moody, dismal, pessimistic, melancholy, sombre, morbid, glum, mournful, morose, joyless, doleful, cheerless His endless chatter kept me from thinking dark thoughts.
gloomy clear, bright, glad, pleasant, hopeful, sunny, cheerful, genial
noun
1. darkness, shadows, gloom, dusk, obscurity, murk, dimness, semi-darkness, murkiness I've always been afraid of the dark.
in the dark ignorant, unaware, oblivious, uninformed, out of the loop, unenlightened, blind to something I managed to keep my parents in the dark.
Proverbs
"The darkest hour is just before the dawn"

dark

adjective
1. Having little or no light:
2. Deficient in brightness:
3. Somewhat black:
4. Of a complexion tending toward brown or black:
6. Characterized by or expressive of a foreboding somberness:
7. Marked by little hopefulness:
noun
Absence or deficiency of light:
Translations
مُظْلِمداكِنداكِن، غامِقشِرّير، سِرّي، مُبْهَمظَلام
мрактъментъмнина
tmatmavýtemnýzlýnevědomost
mørkmørkemørke-mørkets frembruduvidenhed
pimeätummapimeyssynkkätietämättömyys
अंधेरा
mraktamatamanmračan
sötétsötétedéssötétségtudatlanság
dökkurleynilegur, dulinnmyrkurmyrkur, dimmur
暗い濃い秘密の腹黒い邪悪な
어두운어둠
obscurus
tamsatamsėtitamsintitamsus
ļaunsneziņapatumšsslepenstumsa
murg
tematemenmrak
mörkmörker
เข้มความมืดมืด
bóng tốiđêmmờ ámtốitối đen

dark

[dɑːk]
A. ADJ (darker (compar) (darkest (superl)))
1. (= not illuminated) → oscuro
a dark nightuna noche cerrada
the room/house was dark (= poky) → era una habitación/casa oscura; (= badly-lit) → la habitación/casa estaba oscura; (= lights not on) → la habitación/casa estaba a oscuras
it was already dark outsideya había oscurecido, ya era de noche
to get darkoscurecerse, ponerse oscuro; (at night-time) → oscurecer, hacerse de noche
it gets dark early in winteren invierno oscurece pronto, en invierno se hace de noche pronto
the dark side of the moonla cara oculta de la luna
2. (in colour) [colour, clothes] → oscuro; [complexion, hair] → moreno, prieto (Mex); [cloud] → gris
dark blue/redazul/rojo oscuro
he is tall and darkes alto y moreno, es alto y prieto (Mex)
3. (= sad, gloomy) [day, period] → aciago; [mood, thoughts] → sombrío
these are dark days for the steel industryson días aciagos para la industria del acero
4. (= obscure, mysterious) → oscuro
the dark recesses of the human mindlos oscuros recovecos de la mente humana
darkest Africalo más recóndito de África
a dark corner of the worldun rincón recóndito del mundo
to keep sth darkno decir ni pío de algo
keep it dark!¡de esto ni una palabra a nadie!
he's a dark horsees una incógnita, es un enigma
5. (= sinister) [secret, plan, threat] → siniestro
who performed the dark deed?¿quién llevó a cabo el vil acto?
I got some dark looks from JanetJanet me lanzaba miradas asesinas
B. N after darkdespués del anochecer
until darkhasta el anochecer
I want to leave before darkquiero salir antes de que anochezca, quiero salir antes del anochecer
the darkla oscuridad
he is afraid of the darkle tiene miedo a la oscuridad
why are you sitting in the dark?¿por qué estás sentado en lo oscuro?
to be in the dark about sthno saber nada sobre algo
I'm still in the dark (about it)aún no sé nada (de eso)
to keep/leave sb in the dark about sthmantener/dejar a algn desinformado de algo, ocultar algo a algn
see shot B5
C. CPD the Dark Ages NPLla Alta Edad Media
we're still living in the dark ages (fig) → todavía vivimos en la Edad Media
dark chocolate Nchocolate m amargo, chocolate m negro
dark glasses NPLgafas fpl oscuras
dark matter N (Astron) → materia f oscura

dark

[ˈdɑːrk]
adj
[night, place, room] → sombre
It was too dark to walk home → Il faisait trop sombre pour rentrer à pied.
it's dark → il fait nuit
It's dark outside → Il fait nuit dehors.
When she awoke it was already dark → Quand elle s'est réveillée, il faisait déjà sombre., Quand elle s'est réveillée, il faisait déjà nuit.
to get dark → commencer à faire nuit
It's getting dark → Il commence à faire nuit.
[colour] → foncé(e), sombre
dark blue → bleu foncé inv
a dark blue dress → une robe bleu foncé
dark green → vert foncé inv
a dark green sweater → un pull vert foncé
(= dark-coloured) [clothes] → foncé(e); [furniture, curtains] → foncé(e); [complexion] → mat(e); [hair] → brun(e); [eyes] → marron inv
She's got dark hair → Elle a les cheveux bruns.
He had dark, curly hair → Il avait les cheveux bruns frisés.
(= dark-skinned) [person] → brun(e)
(= cheerless) [days, period] → sombre
(= sinister) [look] → noir(e); [remark, rumour] → sinistre
I got a dark look from William → William me lança un regard noir.
n
[night] → noir m
I'm afraid of the dark → J'ai peur du noir.
in the dark → dans le noir
after dark → après la tombée de la nuit
before dark → avant la tombée de la nuit
to be in the dark (= ignorant) → être dans le noir (le plus complet)
I'm as much in the dark as you → Je suis, comme toi, dans le noir le plus complet.
to be in the dark about sth → être dans le noir (le plus complet) au sujet de qch
The police are completely in the dark about the killing → La police est dans le noir le plus complet au sujet du meurtre.
a shot in the dark, a stab in the dark (fig)une idée à tout hasardDark Ages npl
the Dark Ages (historical)le haut Moyen Âge (fig)le Moyen Âge
a return to the Dark Ages → un retour au Moyen Âgedark chocolate nchocolat m noir

dark

adj (+er)
room, house, street, cloud, colour, hair, eyes, skindunkel; it will not be dark for half an hour yetes wird erst in einer halben Stunde dunkel; it’s getting darkes wird dunkel; dark blue/greydunkelblau/-grau; a dark blueein dunkles Blau
(= sad, gloomy) days, period, mooddüster, finster; to think dark thoughtsdüsteren Gedanken nachhängen
(= sinister) corner, secretdunkel; forcesdunkel, finster; look, threatfinster; from darkest Peruaus dem finstersten Peru; the dark side of somethingdie Schattenseite einer Sache (gen); she flashed a dark glance at mesie warf mir einen finsteren Blick zu; to drop dark hintsdunkle Andeutungen machen; dark deedÜbeltat f
(old, = secret) → geheim; to keep something darketw geheim halten
(Phon) → velar, dunkel
n
the dark (= darkness)die Dunkelheit; he was sitting in the darker saß im Dunkeln; they aren’t afraid of the darksie haben keine Angst im Dunkeln or vor der Dunkelheit; after/before darknach/vor Einbruch der Dunkelheit; until darkbis zum Einbruch der Dunkelheit; we’ll be back after darkwir kommen wieder, wenn es dunkel ist
(fig) to be in the dark (about something)keine Ahnung (von etw) haben; to keep or leave somebody in the dark (about something)jdn (→ über etw acc) → im Dunkeln lassen; we must keep him in the darker darf nichts davon wissen; to work in the darkim Dunkeln tappen

dark

:
dark age
n (= era)dunkles Zeitalter; the Dark Agesdas frühe Mittelalter; to be living in the darks (pej)im finstersten Mittelalter leben
dark chocolate
dark-complexioned
adjmit dunklem Teint
Dark Continent
n the darkder Schwarze Erdteil

dark

:
dark-eyed
adjdunkeläugig
dark glasses
plSonnenbrille f; (of blind person) → dunkle Brille
dark horse
n (fig)stilles Wasser; (= unexpected winner)unbekannte Größe

dark

:
darkroom
n (Phot) → Dunkelkammer f
dark-skinned

dark

[dɑːk]
1. adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl)))
a. (lacking light, room, night) → scuro/a, buio/a
it is/is getting dark → è/si sta facendo buio
the dark side of the moon → l'altra faccia della luna
b. (in colour) → scuro/a; (complexion, hair, colour) → scuro/a, bruno/a
dark blue/red → blu/rosso scuro inv
dark brown hair → capelli castano scuro
dark chocolate → cioccolata amara
c. (fig) (sad, gloomy) → nero/a, tetro/a, cupo/a; (sinister, secret, plan, threat) → oscuro/a
to keep sth dark → non far parola di qc
2. n the darkil buio, l'oscurità
in the dark → al buio
before dark → prima che faccia (or facesse) buio
after dark → col buio, a notte fatta
until dark → fino a sera
to be in the dark about sth (fig) → essere all'oscuro di qc

dark

(daːk) adjective
1. without light. a dark room; It's getting dark; the dark (= not cheerful) side.
2. blackish or closer to black than white. a dark red colour; a dark (= not very white or fair) complexion; Her hair is dark.
3. evil and usually secret. dark deeds; a dark secret.
noun
absence of light. in the dark; afraid of the dark; He never goes out after dark; We are in the dark (= we have no knowledge) about what is happening.
ˈdarken verb
to make or become dark or darker.
ˈdarkness noun
the state of being dark.
keep it dark
to keep something a secret. They're engaged to be married but they want to keep it dark.

dark

داكِن, ظَلام, مُظْلِم tma, tmavý mørk, mørke, mørke- dunkel σκοτάδι, σκοτεινός, σκούρος oscuridad, oscuro pimeä, tumma foncé, noir, sombre mračan, mrak, taman buio, scuro 暗い, 濃い, 闇 어두운, 어둠 donker mørk, mørke ciemność, ciemny escuro, preto темный, тьма mörk, mörker เข้ม, ความมืด, มืด karanlık, koyu bóng tối, tối đen, tối tăm 深的, 黑暗, 黑暗的

dark

a. oscuro-a;
___ adaptationadaptación a la oscuridad;
___ field illuminationiluminación del campo ___, iluminación lateral u oblicua.

dark

adj oscuro; (complexion) oscuro, moreno
References in classic literature ?
I don't remember much about it, except that I was afraid of the cellar and the dark entry, and always liked the cake and milk we had up at the top.
The girl was quiet, tall, and dark, and to many people she seemed very beauti- ful.
Her skin was brown, too, and in her cheeks she had a glow of rich, dark colour.
To dress in the dark, and eat in the dark, and stumble in darkness to his pallet, this is his usual lot.
He said that mistress had been in a dreadful way ever since dark, fearing some accident had happened, and that she had sent James off on Justice, the roan cob, toward the wooden bridge to make inquiry after us.
When it was beginning to come on dark we poked our heads out of the cottonwood thicket, and looked up and down and across; nothing in sight; so Jim took up some of the top planks of the raft and built a snug wigwam to get under in blazing weather and rainy, and to keep the things dry.
When they arrived at the gateway where he had paused in the dark not many hours before, to picture to himself on which of the rough stones of the street her feet had trodden, he lifted her again, and carried her up the staircase to their rooms.
It's the will o' Them above as a many things should be dark to us; but there's some things as I've never felt i' the dark about, and they're mostly what comes i' the day's work.
For while they sit contriving, shall the rest, Millions that stand in Arms, and longing wait The Signal to ascend, sit lingring here Heav'ns fugitives, and for thir dwelling place Accept this dark opprobrious Den of shame, The Prison of his Tyranny who Reigns By our delay?
We rushed up the treads of the staircase, stumbling as we went, anything to escape the dark, to return to the mortal light of the room of mirrors!
The place was a narrow passage between high walls of lava, a crack in the knotted rock, and on either side interwoven heaps of sea-mat, palm-fans, and reeds leaning against the rock formed rough and impenetrably dark dens.
Then it was as if an invisible yet intensely heated finger were drawn through the heather between me and the Martians, and all along a curving line beyond the sand pits the dark ground smoked and crackled.