daughter cell


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daugh·ter cell

(dô′tər)
Either of the two cells formed when a cell undergoes cell division. Daughter cells are genetically identical to the parent cell because they contain the same number and type of chromosomes.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.daughter cell - a cell formed by the division or budding of another cell; "anthrax grows by dividing into two daughter cells that are generally identical"
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, each daughter cell would begin life no more or less worn out than the mother had been.
If we can find the daughter cell in this population that is responsible for niche formation, we may learn enough to eventually be able to expand blood stem cell numbers so that a small number, say from umbilical cord blood, can be made into enough to treat several patients with failure of blood formation.
Such a structure hinted at the solution to another major riddle of biology: how a dividing cell copies its DNA so each daughter cell gets identical genetic information.
Centromeres are key structural features of chromosomes that are necessary for the movement of chromosomes when cells divide, a function that ensures normal distribution of all genetic material to each daughter cell.
The research team have also found that, under normal conditions, vesicles or tiny bubbles containing the Notch activating protein Delta travel to the top of the daughter cell to a structure rich in actin.
On the other hand, if the antibody is not harmful, the cell is selected and is able to grow, producing identical daughter cell clones and copious amounts of antibodies as necessary.
Whenever an infected cell divides, the episome makes a copy of itself, and each daughter cell receives one.
But when diatoms divide, they produce one daughter cell that is slightly smaller than its sister.
As the telomere wears down, its protection erodes too, and so does the risk that the DNA is not faithfully replicated in the daughter cell, which boosts the risk of cellular malfunction and then disease, including cancer.
2 HEALTHY DAUGHTERS Protein structures called kinetochores (red) are largely responsible for a crucial task: ensuring that each daughter cell produced when a cell divides in two ends up with a complete set of chromosomes.
This would affect the daughter cell by giving it two of one chromosome and none of another causing a mutation in the daughter cells.