This retrospective, comprising some eighty works from the painter's Paris years, will be paired at the Pompidou with a substantial De Stijl
exhibition (curated by Frederic Migayrou and simultaneously on view), and together they promise a corrective, offering an intensive look at Mondrian's formal development and a complementary account of the extroverted movement, cutting across disciplinary and international borders, that he helped to launch.
Anlage, 2010, is as amusingly chaotic as it is carefully ordered, looking for all the world like a De Stijl
wall unit reworked by the Memphis group, while Forever Young, 2009, is a pink-rimmed, flattened annulus.
That famous de Stijl
yellow square symbolizing sun, butter, cream, and milk provides a perfect historicist backdrop for today's bright, televised duplicities--the fetching, bonneted logos of partially hydrogenated virtual food.
Every last little convention of inhabitation and its supporting spatial structures was put into question by Rietveld and, true to De Stijl
form, reconfigured to achieve a space that could be totally mobilized.
Not only would the sculpture become a nod to the great De Stijl
master, but, no less important, it would exemplify the way in which high art enters public consciousness.
Having contributed to Dada, Surrealism, and later De Stijl
, Ukraine-born, Viennese-American architect Frederick Kiesler offered a biomorphic conception of space that became a counterpoint to the rectilinear forms of architectural high modernism.
Moreover, there were superb examples of his production on view, including stained glass in De Stijl
mode, graphic design in both Constructivist and Dadaist idioms, and architectural collaborations with Oud, Cornelis van Eesteren, and the Arps.
As an art movement, minimalism first got its start in Europe and found its way into architecture through the Bauhaus movement in Germany and the Dutch De Stijl
movement in the early 20th century.
In 1923, after working for several years with the Berlin Bauhaus in Germany and De Stijl
in his native Denmark, he settled in New York, where he quickly established himself as an ambassador of sorts for the European avant-gardes.
His style was one of the most influential of the 20th century, shaping the iconic De Stijl
The text also demonstrates that he has digested elements from French and Belgian Surrealism, as well as from the Constructivism associated with the magazine De Stijl
published by Theo van Doesburg in the Netherlands.
Styles represented include Arts & Crafts, Aesthetic, Art Nouveau, Glasgow Style, Wiener Werkstatte, De Stijl
, Bauhaus, Art Deco, Modern, Pop Art and Post-Modern.