He convincingly debunks the commonly held belief in the myth of de facto segregation
the myth that our overwhelmingly white suburbs and overwhelmingly African-American concentrations in urban areas resulted from private preferences and economic circumstances, rather than from government action that was de jure segregation created by state action in violation of the Constitution.
In the just published The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America, Richard Rothstein, Research Associate of the Economic Policy Institute and Fellow of the Haas Institute at the University of California-Berkeley, splendidly documents how de jure and de facto segregation
and discrimination of America's 11% minority Black community - the African Americans - took place beginning from the early last century to the present times:
Smino describes Ferguson's disproportionate sectioning--the majority of black residents live in underserved areas in low-income housing, while white residents live in more comfortable environs on the other side of town--as de facto segregation
Much of what we call de facto segregation
, he argues, is the result of "a century of social engineering on the part of federal, state and local governments that enacted policies to keep African Americans separate and subordinate.
Charter schools] cease to perpetuate de facto segregation
of the highest performing children from those whose aspirations may be high, but whose talents are not yet as obvious.
Because of de facto segregation
in Texas' public education system, the policy opens university doors to many poor and minority students.
Coleman and his co-authors documented the de facto segregation
found in all parts of the United States, including the South, where the Supreme Court had declared de jure segregation unconstitutional in Brown v.
Paradoxically, a wider range of options does not guarantee a better education for children, an especially corrosive problem given Milwaukee's problems of concentrated poverty and de facto segregation
Doha's Central Municipal Council is set to vote on barring single men from entering malls on at least one day a week, a move that appears to underline Qatar's de facto segregation
and casts a further shadow over its sincerity about labour reform.
Qatar appeared to be underlining de facto segregation
in a move that cast a further shadow over its sincerity about labour reform with Doha's Central Municipal Council set to vote on barring single men from entering malls on at least one day a week.
How Texans overcome lingering prejudice and de facto segregation
in the face of this shifting sense of diversity will be the model for the rest of the country.
The Coates article tapped into what appears to be growing sentiment that reparations are due Africans in America not only for enslavement, but the damages done to our people during the era of de jure and de facto segregation
as well as post segregation.