He convincingly debunks the commonly held belief in the myth of de facto segregation the myth that our overwhelmingly white suburbs and overwhelmingly African-American concentrations in urban areas resulted from private preferences and economic circumstances, rather than from government action that was de jure segregation
created by state action in violation of the Constitution.
potential of litigation as a means to dismantling de jure segregation
Rothstein writes, "It is not difficult to conceive of ways to rectify the legacy of de jure segregation
Coleman and his co-authors documented the de facto segregation found in all parts of the United States, including the South, where the Supreme Court had declared de jure segregation
unconstitutional in Brown v.
He uses legal sources to chronicle the evolution of modern attitudes toward higher education, showing how the trajectories of college access litigation reflected the embrace of selectivity and institutional differentiation, the decline of de jure segregation
, the rise of a contractual understanding of enrollment, and the triumph of vocationalism.
This represented a unique and critical time in American history that witnessed the maturation of Southern de jure segregation
, persistence of Northern de facto segregation, record lynchings, the Harlem Renaissance, and key Supreme Court decisions that profoundly shaped African American experiences in higher education--Missouri ex rel Gaines v.
grasp how and why, after de jure segregation
was finally invalidated by
Many members of Marshall's target audience were relics of the antebellum, who believed in segregation as the status quo; they prized both de jure segregation
and de facto segregation.
Maryland, as one of 17 states that had de jure segregation
, has an intense history of school segregation.
the de jure segregation
of the public schools of the City of St.
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, (58) the Court ruled that in a public school system with a history of de jure segregation
there is a "presumption against schools that are substantially disproportionate in their racial composition.
In the move to dismantle de jure segregation
, signs were removed and discarded.