1] is the Debye
screening length, and the effective dielectric constant, [epsilon], is the average of that of the polar liquid, [[epsilon].
In this sense, the lattice is considered as a new substance of matter consisting of Sound-Particles, which excite the one longitudinal and one transverse elastic waves (this approach is differ from Debye
Key words: Debye
temperature; elastic constants; Gruneisen parameter; hexagonal crystal; monocrystal; sound velocities; titanium diboride; voids
2]/Jm [kappa] reciprocal of the Debye
length, 1/m [PHI] surface potential, V Subscripts 0 at the surface (D = 0) 1 surface one 2 surface two [infinity] at infinity from the surface (D = [infinity]) S substrate T AFM tip vdw van der Waals Superscripts C conical portion of the tip e entire tip (S+C) S spherical portion of the tip vdw van der Waals
3) The electrostatic double layer thickness can be represented by the Debye
length, defined as [[kappa].
Consequently, an excess of charges is built up near the electrode surface, thus forming an electrical double layer with thickness equal to the Debye
screening length [lambda] = [([epsilon]RT/2[z.
All linear dimensions are scaled with respect to the inverse Debye
length, and the time is scaled by using to the characteristic diffusion time of an ion, [[tau].
64 , the larger the deviation of relaxation with respect to Debye
type relaxation ([beta] = 1).
This model goes back to Debye
, who made following correlation
The preferred orientation was recorded using Debye
All the pervious experiments were done at a constant debye
of water pumping to investigate the effect of the described parameters.
Ball focusses on three physicists in particular: Max Planck, Werner Heisenberg, and Paul Debye