decarboxylate


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

decarboxylate

(ˌdiːkɑːˈbɒksɪˌleɪt)
vb
to take away a carboxyl group from (an organic compound) or (of an organic compound) to lose a carboxyl group

de•car•box•yl•ate

(ˌdi kɑrˈbɒk səˌleɪt)

v.t. -at•ed, -at•ing.
to remove the carboxyl group from (an organic compound).
[1920–25]
de`car•box`yl•a′tion, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.decarboxylate - lose a carboxyl group; "the compound decarboxylated"
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
decarboxylate - remove a carboxyl group from (a chemical compound)
2.decarboxylate - remove a carboxyl group from (a chemical compound)
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
decarboxylate - lose a carboxyl group; "the compound decarboxylated"
References in periodicals archive ?
Their photosynthetic pathway is characterized by the use of the mitochondrial NAD-ME to decarboxylate malate in the Kranz bundle-sheaths (Long et al.
Indole not produced, MR negative, VP positive, Citrate utilised, Urea hydrolysed, decarboxylate lysine, but not arginine and ornithine.
Limited Tenders are invited for Supply of Xylose Lysine Decarboxylate Agar,Lysine Decarboxylate Broth,Jordans Tartrate Agar,Salicine Medium,4-methylumbelliferyl B-D- glucuronide (MUG) discs
These homologous enzymes decarboxylate isocitrate to a-ketoglutarate (aKG), and this “neomorphic” mutation renders the IDH enzyme to reduce aKG into 2-hydroxyglutarate in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-dependent manner.
It is differentiated from other organisms with similar characteristics with its ability to use citrate and malonate, decarboxylate lysine and ornithine and to produce excessive a-ketoglutaric acid during glucose fermantation (6).
In the presence of hydrogen peroxide, pyruvate will decarboxylate to yield acetate, water and carbon dioxide (7).