decemvir

(redirected from decemvirs)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.
Related to decemvirs: Appius Claudius

de·cem·vir

 (dĭ-sĕm′vər)
n. pl. de·cem·virs or de·cem·vi·ri (-və-rī′)
1. One of a body of ten Roman magistrates, especially a member of one of two such bodies appointed in 451 and 450 bc to draw up a code of laws.
2. One of an authoritative body of ten.

[Middle English, from Latin, sing. of decemvirī, commission of ten men : decem, ten; see dekm̥ in Indo-European roots + virī, pl. of vir, man; see wī-ro- in Indo-European roots.]

de·cem′vi·ral adj.
de·cem′vi·rate (-vər-ĭt, -və-rāt′) n.

decemvir

(dɪˈsɛmvə)
n, pl -virs or -viri (-vɪˌriː)
1. (Historical Terms) (in ancient Rome) a member of a board of ten magistrates, esp either of the two commissions established in 451 and 450 bc to revise the laws
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a member of any governing body composed of ten men
[C17: from Latin, from decem ten + virī men]
deˈcemviral adj

de•cem•vir

(dɪˈsɛm vər)

n., pl. -virs, -vi•ri (-vəˌraɪ)
1. a member of any of several permanent boards or special commissions of ten members in ancient Rome, as the commission that drew up a code of laws 451-450 b.c.
2. a member of any council body of ten.
[1570–80; < Latin, orig. pl. decemvirī=decem ten + virī men]
de•cem′vi•ral, adj.
de•cem′vi•rate (-vər ɪt, -vəˌreɪt) n.

Decemvir

 a body of ten men acting as a commission, 1579.
Translations
References in classic literature ?
The Decemvirs of Rome, whose name denotes their number,[3] were more to be dreaded in their usurpation than any ONE of them would have been.
You must except, nevertheless, Marcus Antonius, the half partner of the empire of Rome, and Appius Claudius, the decemvir and lawgiver; whereof the former was indeed a voluptuous man, and inordinate; but the latter was an austere and wise man: and therefore it seems (though rarely) that love can find entrance, not only into an open heart, but also into a heart well fortified, if watch be not well kept.
DECEMVIRAL means of a ruling board of 10 decemvirs, a decimvirate.
Lesser ordinary magistrates were urban quaestors, aerarii, (69) plebian aediles, curulial aediles, (70) administers, (71) leaders of the different tribes, triumvirs, quatuorvirs, quinquevirs, decemvirs, (72) and the like.