decline


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de·cline

 (dĭ-klīn′)
v. de·clined, de·clin·ing, de·clines
v.intr.
1. To express polite refusal: I wanted to invite them but I was afraid they would decline.
2.
a. To slope downward; descend: The roof declines at a steep angle.
b. To bend downward; droop: boughs declining toward the ground.
3. To degrade or lower oneself; stoop: refused to decline to their level of behavior.
4. To deteriorate gradually; fail: His health has been declining for years.
5.
a. To sink, as the setting sun.
b. To draw to a gradual close: We made our way home as the day declined.
v.tr.
1. To refuse politely: I declined their offer of help. See Synonyms at refuse1.
2. To cause to slope or bend downward.
3. Grammar To inflect (a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective) for number and case.
n.
1. The process or result of declining, especially:
a. A gradual deterioration, as in numbers, activity, or quality: "overwhelming evidence that fish stocks ... are in decline" (Jonathan Bocknek).
b. A downward movement or fall, as in price.
c. A deterioration of health: the patient's rapid decline.
2. A downward slope; a declivity: the sharp decline of the dunes to the sea.

[Middle English declinen, from Old French decliner, from Latin dēclīnāre, to turn away, bend downward, change the form of a word : dē-, de- + -clīnāre, to lean, bend; see klei- in Indo-European roots.]

de·clin′a·ble adj.
de·clin′er n.

decline

(dɪˈklaɪn)
vb
1. to refuse to do or accept (something), esp politely
2. (intr) to grow smaller; diminish: demand has declined over the years.
3. to slope or cause to slope downwards
4. (intr) to deteriorate gradually, as in quality, health, or character
5. (Grammar) grammar to state or list the inflections of (a noun, adjective, or pronoun), or (of a noun, adjective, or pronoun) to be inflected for number, case, or gender. Compare conjugate1
n
6. gradual deterioration or loss
7. a movement downwards or towards something smaller; diminution
8. a downward slope; declivity
9. (Medicine) archaic any slowly progressive disease, such as tuberculosis
[C14: from Old French decliner to inflect, turn away, sink, from Latin dēclīnāre to bend away, inflect grammatically]
deˈclinable adj
deˈcliner n

de•cline

(dɪˈklaɪn)

v. -clined, -clin•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to withhold or deny consent to do; refuse.
2. to refuse with courtesy.
3. to cause to slope or incline downward.
4. to recite or display the inflected forms of (a noun, pronoun, or adjective) in a fixed order.
v.i.
5. to express usu. courteous refusal.
6. to fail in strength, health, value, etc.; deteriorate.
7. to diminish: to decline in popularity.
8. to slope or sink downward.
9. to draw toward the close, as the day.
10. (of a noun, pronoun, or adjective) to be characterized by declension.
n.
11. a downward slope; declivity.
12. a downward movement, as of prices or population: a decline in the stock market.
13. a deterioration, as in strength, power, or value.
14. progress downward or toward the close.
15. the later years or last part: the decline of life.
[1275–1325; Middle English < Old French decliner to inflect, turn aside, sink < Latin dēclīnāre to slope, incline]
de•clin′a•ble, adj.
de•clin′er, n.
syn: See refuse1.

decline


Past participle: declined
Gerund: declining

Imperative
decline
decline
Present
I decline
you decline
he/she/it declines
we decline
you decline
they decline
Preterite
I declined
you declined
he/she/it declined
we declined
you declined
they declined
Present Continuous
I am declining
you are declining
he/she/it is declining
we are declining
you are declining
they are declining
Present Perfect
I have declined
you have declined
he/she/it has declined
we have declined
you have declined
they have declined
Past Continuous
I was declining
you were declining
he/she/it was declining
we were declining
you were declining
they were declining
Past Perfect
I had declined
you had declined
he/she/it had declined
we had declined
you had declined
they had declined
Future
I will decline
you will decline
he/she/it will decline
we will decline
you will decline
they will decline
Future Perfect
I will have declined
you will have declined
he/she/it will have declined
we will have declined
you will have declined
they will have declined
Future Continuous
I will be declining
you will be declining
he/she/it will be declining
we will be declining
you will be declining
they will be declining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been declining
you have been declining
he/she/it has been declining
we have been declining
you have been declining
they have been declining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been declining
you will have been declining
he/she/it will have been declining
we will have been declining
you will have been declining
they will have been declining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been declining
you had been declining
he/she/it had been declining
we had been declining
you had been declining
they had been declining
Conditional
I would decline
you would decline
he/she/it would decline
we would decline
you would decline
they would decline
Past Conditional
I would have declined
you would have declined
he/she/it would have declined
we would have declined
you would have declined
they would have declined
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.decline - change toward something smaller or lowerdecline - change toward something smaller or lower
decrease, decrement - a process of becoming smaller or shorter
decline in quality, worsening, declension, deterioration - process of changing to an inferior state
detumescence - diminution of swelling; the subsidence of anything swollen
ebb, ebbing, wane - a gradual decline (in size or strength or power or number)
erosion - a gradual decline of something; "after the accounting scandal there was an erosion of confidence in the auditors"
loss - gradual decline in amount or activity; "weight loss"; "a serious loss of business"
nosedive - a sudden sharp drop or rapid decline; "the stock took a nosedive"
sinking spell - a temporary decline in health or value
slippage - decline from a standard level of performance or achievement
2.decline - a condition inferior to an earlier condition; a gradual falling off from a better state
condition, status - a state at a particular time; "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
disuse, neglect - the state of something that has been unused and neglected; "the house was in a terrible state of neglect"
twilight - a condition of decline following successes; "in the twilight of the empire"
wreck - something or someone that has suffered ruin or dilapidation; "the house was a wreck when they bought it"; "thanks to that quack I am a human wreck"
melioration, improvement - a condition superior to an earlier condition; "the new school represents a great improvement"
3.decline - a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current
decrease, decrement - a process of becoming smaller or shorter
exponential decay, exponential return - a decrease that follows an exponential function
4.decline - a downward slope or bend
downhill - the downward slope of a hill
incline, slope, side - an elevated geological formation; "he climbed the steep slope"; "the house was built on the side of a mountain"
steep - a steep place (as on a hill)
Verb1.decline - grow worse; "Conditions in the slum worsened"
inflame - become inflamed; get sore; "His throat inflamed"
sicken, come down - get sick; "She fell sick last Friday, and now she is in the hospital"
degenerate, deteriorate, devolve, drop - grow worse; "Her condition deteriorated"; "Conditions in the slums degenerated"; "The discussion devolved into a shouting match"
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
impoverish, deprive - take away
fail - get worse; "Her health is declining"
tumble - suffer a sudden downfall, overthrow, or defeat
drop away, fall away, slip, drop off - get worse; "My grades are slipping"
suffer - get worse; "His grades suffered"
lose, suffer - be set at a disadvantage; "This author really suffers in translation"
retrogress, regress, retrograde - get worse or fall back to a previous condition
turn down - take a downward direction; "The economy finally turned down after a long boom"
2.decline - refuse to acceptdecline - refuse to accept; "He refused my offer of hospitality"
freeze off, spurn, pooh-pooh, disdain, scorn, turn down, reject - reject with contempt; "She spurned his advances"
dishonor, dishonour - refuse to accept; "dishonor checks and drafts"
bounce - refuse to accept and send back; "bounce a check"
3.decline - show unwillingness towards; "he declined to join the group on a hike"
react, respond - show a response or a reaction to something
freeze off, spurn, pooh-pooh, disdain, scorn, turn down, reject - reject with contempt; "She spurned his advances"
contract out - refuse to pay a levy to a union for political use
regret - decline formally or politely; "I regret I can't come to the party"
repudiate - refuse to recognize or pay; "repudiate a debt"
disobey - refuse to go along with; refuse to follow; be disobedient; "He disobeyed his supervisor and was fired"
4.decline - grow smaller; "Interest in the project waned"
decrease, diminish, lessen, fall - decrease in size, extent, or range; "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"; "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"; "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"; "his voice fell to a whisper"
dip - go down momentarily; "Prices dipped"
wear on - pass slowly (of time); "The day wore on"
drop - go down in value; "Stock prices dropped"
5.decline - go down; "The roof declines here"
drop - to fall vertically; "the bombs are dropping on enemy targets"
sink, dip - appear to move downward; "The sun dipped below the horizon"; "The setting sun sank below the tree line"
6.decline - go down in value; "the stock market corrected"; "prices slumped"
come down, descend, go down, fall - move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way; "The temperature is going down"; "The barometer is falling"; "The curtain fell on the diva"; "Her hand went up and then fell again"
7.decline - inflect for number, gender, case, etc., "in many languages, speakers decline nouns, pronouns, and adjectives"
inflect - change the form of a word in accordance as required by the grammatical rules of the language

decline

verb
2. deteriorate, fade, weaken, pine, decay, worsen, lapse, languish, degenerate, droop Her father's health has declined significantly in recent months.
deteriorate improve
3. refuse, reject, turn down, avoid, deny, spurn, abstain, forgo, send your regrets, say `no' He declined their invitation.
refuse agree to, accept, consent
noun
1. depression, recession, slump, falling off, downturn, dwindling, lessening, diminution, abatement The first signs of economic decline became visible.
depression rise, upswing
2. deterioration, fall, failing, slump, weakening, decay, worsening, descent, downturn, disintegration, degeneration, atrophy, decrepitude, retrogression, enfeeblement Rome's decline in the fifth century.
deterioration improvement
in decline or on the decline waning, dying, failing, collapsing, crumbling, decaying, on the way out, obsolescent Thankfully, the popularity of bloodsports is on the decline.

decline

verb
1. To be unwilling to accept, consider, or receive:
Slang: nix.
Idiom: turn thumbs down on.
2. To slope downward:
3. To become lower in quality, character, or condition:
Idioms: go bad, go to pot, go to seed , go to the dogs.
4. To lose strength or power:
Informal: fizzle (out).
noun
1. Descent to a lower level or condition:
2. A marked loss of strength or effectiveness:
3. A usually swift downward trend, as in prices:
4. A downward slope or distance:
Translations
تَضاؤُل، إنْحِطاط، ضَعْف، إنْخِفاضيَرْفُضيَضْعُف، يَخورُ
klesatodmítnoutpoklesupadatúpadek
afslåforringeforringelsegå nednedgang
heikentyäheiketäkieltäytyälaskealasku
gyengül
fallfara aftur, hnignahafna
blogėtikritimasmažėjimasmažėtisilpnėjimas
atteiktiesmazinātiesnoraidītpanīkumspasliktināšanās
deklinować
odklonitizmanjšati se

decline

[dɪˈklaɪn]
A. N
1. (= decrease) (in numbers, sales) → descenso m, disminución f (in de) (in support, interest) → disminución f
to be on the declineir disminuyendo
2. (= deterioration) → decadencia f, declive m, deterioro m; (in standards) → descenso m, declive m (Med) → debilitamiento m
the decline of the Roman Empirela decadencia del Imperio Romano
to fall into decline [industry, town] → entrar en decadencia, entrar en declive
to go into a decline (Med) → ir debilitándose
B. VT
1. (= refuse) → rehusar, rechazar, declinar (frm)
to decline to do sthrehusar hacer algo, declinar hacer algo (frm)
2. (Ling) → declinar
C. VI
1. (= decrease) [power, influence] → disminuir; (= deteriorate) → decaer; (in health) → debilitarse, decaer
to decline in importanceir perdiendo importancia
2. (= refuse) → negarse, rehusar
3. (Ling) → declinarse

decline

[dɪˈklaɪn]
n
(= decay) → déclin m
(= reduction) → baisse f
a decline in sth → une baisse de qch
decline in living standards → baisse du niveau de vie
to be on the decline (= be decreasing) → être en baisse
to be in decline (= be decreasing) → être en baisse (= be deteriorating) → être sur le déclin
to fall into decline (= become weaker) → entamer son déclin
The ship-building industry has fallen into decline
BUT La construction navale est en train de dépérir.
vt (= refuse) [+ invitation, offer] → décliner
to decline to do sth → poliment refuser de faire qch
to decline to comment on sth → se refuser à tout commentaire sur qch
The band declined to comment on the story → Le groupe s'est refusé à tout commentaire sur cette histoire.
vi
(= deteriorate) → décliner
(= decrease) → baisser
The population has declined dramatically → La population a dramatiquement baissé.
The market has begun to decline → Le marché commence à baisser.
to be declining → être en baisse

decline

n
(in standards, birthrate, business, sales, prices) → Rückgang m; (of empire, a party’s supremacy)Untergang m, → Niedergang m; decline in performance (Sport) → Leistungsabfall m; to be on the or in decline, to go or fall into decline (business)zurückgehen; (empire)verfallen
(Med) → Verfall m; she went into a declinees ging bergab mit ihr
vt
invitation, honourablehnen; he declined to comeer hat es abgelehnt, zu kommen
(Gram) → deklinieren
vi
(empire)verfallen; (fame)verblassen; (health)sich verschlechtern; (prices, business)zurückgehen; (importance, significance, value)geringer werden; (custom)aussterben; (popularity, enthusiasm, interest)abnehmen; (population, influence)abnehmen, zurückgehen; cases of real poverty are decliningFälle von echter Armut gibt es immer weniger
(= refuse, say no)ablehnen
(= slope: ground) → abfallen
(sun)untergehen; (liter, life, day) → zur Neige gehen (liter); in his declining yearsgegen Ende seiner Tage (liter)
(Gram) → dekliniert werden

decline

[dɪˈklaɪn]
1. n decline (in) (decrease) → calo (di); (deterioration) → declino (di)
decline in living standards → abbassamento del tenore di vita
to be on the decline (gen) → essere in diminuzione (prices) → essere in ribasso
2. vt
a. (frm) (refuse, invitation) → declinare, rifiutare
to decline to do sth → rifiutare or rifiutarsi di fare qc
b. (Gram) → declinare
3. vi
a. (power, influence) → diminuire, declinare; (empire) → decadere; (health) → deteriorare
in his declining years → negli ultimi anni della sua vita (of public figure) → negli anni del suo declino
to decline in importance → diminuire d'importanza
b. (Gram) → declinarsi

decline

(diˈklain) verb
1. to say `no' to (an invitation etc); to refuse. We declined his offer of a lift.
2. to become less strong or less good etc. His health has declined recently; Our profits have temporarily declined.
noun
a gradual lessening or worsening (of health, standards, quantity etc). There has been a gradual decline in the birthrate.

decline

n. declinación; decadencia, decaimiento;
v. declinar, decaer; [invitation, offer] declinar, rehusar, rechazar; [health] desmejorarse.

decline

n deterioro, (in something measured) descenso; vt no querer, rechazar
References in classic literature ?
The news had been brought, toward the decline of a day in midsummer, by an Indian runner, who also bore an urgent request from Munro, the commander of a work on the shore of the "holy lake," for a speedy and powerful reinforcement.
In the decline of the day, near Kentucke river, as we ascended the brow of a small hill, a number of Indians rushed out of a thick cane-brake upon us, and made us prisoners.
The vulgar creature was determined to see for herself what sort of a figure a mildewed piece of aristocracy, after wasting all the bloom and much of the decline of her life apart from the world, would cut behind a counter.
It is that of the Collector, our gallant old General, who, after his brilliant military service, subsequently to which he had ruled over a wild Western territory, had come hither, twenty years before, to spend the decline of his varied and honourable life.
But in this particular, the demand has long been on the decline.
Whipping and abuse are like laudanum; you have to double the dose as the sensibilities decline.
But, said I, suppose the victor should decline to accept his spoil?
This is all true--but I have not heard of any student who DID decline; to decline and still remain in the corps would make him unpleasantly conspicuous, and properly so, since he knew, when he joined, that his main business, as a member, would be to fight.
Delia Weeks, for example, was a maiden lady who did dressmaking in a small way; she fell ill, and although attended by all the physicians in the neighborhood, was sinking slowly into a decline when her cousin Cyrus asked her to come and keep house for him in Lewiston.
You will say that I am quite an invalid, and go no where, and therefore must decline their obliging invitation; beginning with my compliments, of course.
I feared my hopes were too bright to be realised; and I had enjoyed so much bliss lately that I imagined my fortune had passed its meridian, and must now decline.
The principal gentleman who officiated behind the counter, took a good deal of notice of me; and often got me, I recollect, to decline a Latin noun or adjective, or to conjugate a Latin verb, in his ear, while he transacted my business.