decompression sickness


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decompression sickness

n.
A disorder caused by the formation of nitrogen bubbles in the blood and tissues following a sudden drop in the surrounding pressure and characterized by joint pain, skin irritation, cramps, numbness, and, in severe cases, paralysis. It occurs especially in deep-sea divers when ascending rapidly from a dive. Decompression sickness is often called "the bends."

decompression sickness

or

decompresssion illness

n
(Pathology) a disorder characterized by severe pain in muscles and joints, cramp, and difficulty in breathing, caused by a sudden and sustained decrease in air pressure, resulting in the deposition of nitrogen bubbles in the tissues. Also called: caisson disease or aeroembolism Nontechnical name: the bends

decompres′sion sick`ness


n.
an acute disorder involving the formation of nitrogen bubbles in the body fluids, caused by a sudden drop in external pressure, as during a too-rapid ascent from diving, and resulting in pain in the lungs and joints and faintness.
[1940–45]

decompression sickness

A syndrome, including bends, chokes, neurological disturbances, and collapse, resulting from exposure to reduced ambient pressure and caused by gas bubbles in the tissues, fluids, and blood vessels.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.decompression sickness - pain resulting from rapid change in pressuredecompression sickness - pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
illness, sickness, unwellness, malady - impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
References in periodicals archive ?
A growing number of divers are reporting decompression sickness," he said.
The other diver suffered decompression sickness but recovered after a lifeboat took him ashore from the spot 17 miles off Lowestoft.
OThe risk for decompression sickness among Air Force pilots has tripled from 2006, probably due to more frequent and longer periods of exposure for pilots.
Study author Stephen McGuire, MD, with the University of Texas in San Antonio, the US Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine and a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology, said that pilots who fly at altitudes above 18,000 feet are at risk for decompression sickness, a condition where gas or atmospheric pressure reaches lower levels than those within body tissues and forms bubbles.
Decompression sickness (DCS; also known as divers' disease, the bends or caisson disease) describes a condition arising from dissolved gases coming out of solution into bubbles inside the body on depressurization.
A spokesman for HM Coastguard said the diver had reached a depth of 61 metres in the flooded former quarry and surfaced with a suspected case of the condition, also known as decompression sickness.
Scuba divers can get decompression sickness, or the bends, a painful and potentially fatal condition, from ascending too quickly from a deep dive.
Adel Abdela'al briefed them with the aspects and benefits of the Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, noting that KHUH has provided six modern devices that allows patients to breathe 100 percent oxygen in a high-pressure environment, that helps treat decompression sickness, serious infections, bubbles of air in blood vessels, and wounds that won't heal as a result of diabetes or radiation injury.
It is currently FDA-approved as the primary treatment for 4 different kinds of brain injuries: carbon monoxide poisoning, arterial gas embolism, cerebral decompression sickness, and cranioradionecrosis (radiation damage to the brain after cancer radiotherapy).
The Smethwick-born striker, who is now at Notts County and was jailed for killing 56-year-old Douglas Graham by dangerous driving in 2003, has suffered a problem brought on by decompression sickness after going scuba diving on honeymoon.
Most underwater searches are conducted in areas with little to no visibility and can reach depths that reduce time on the bottom due to decompression sickness or available air limitations," said Mr.
The company has developed a proprietary perfluorocarbon (PFC) therapeutic oxygen carrier and liquid ventilation product called Oxycyte(R) that is being formulated for both intravenous and topical delivery for conditions including but not limited to traumatic brain injury, decompression sickness and topical wounds.