deer

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deer

 (dîr)
n. pl. deer
Any of various hoofed ruminant mammals of the family Cervidae, characteristically having deciduous antlers borne chiefly by the males. The deer family includes the white-tailed deer, elk, moose, and caribou.

[Middle English der, beast, from Old English dēor.]
Word History: In Middle English texts one finds a fish, an ant, or a fox called a der, the Middle English ancestor of our word deer. In its Old English form dēor, the word referred to any animal, including members of the deer family, and continued to do so in Middle English, although it also acquired the specific sense "a deer." By the end of the Middle English period, around 1500, the general sense had all but disappeared. In Shakespeare's works, for example, the word deer usually refers to the antlered animals that we call deer today. However, a memory of the earlier, broader meaning is preserved in the words of the character Edgar in King Lear, which Shakespeare wrote sometime between 1603 and 1606. After being unjustly declared an outlaw by his father, Edgar disguises himself as a lunatic and lives in misery in the countryside under the name "Poor Tom." When he later meets his father, who has been blinded and cannot recognize his son, "Tom" explains that he survives by eating toads and tadpoles and whatever else he can catch: "But mice and rats, and such small deer / Have been Tom's food for seven long year." Here, such small deer would seem to mean "other such small animals." Another trace of the earlier meaning of deer is probably found in wilderness. This word is thought to descend from an unattested Old English word *wilddēornes, made up of Old English wilddēor or wildedēor, "wild animal" and the noun suffix -nes, the equivalent of the Modern English suffix -ness. Wilderness is thus "wild-animal-ness," so to speak. The German word Tier, the cognate of Old English dēor and Modern English deer, still has the general sense of "animal."

deer

(dɪə)
n, pl deer or deers
1. (Animals) any ruminant artiodactyl mammal of the family Cervidae, including reindeer, elk, muntjacs, and roe deer, typically having antlers in the male.
2. (Animals) (in N Canada) another name for caribou
[Old English dēor beast; related to Old High German tior wild beast, Old Norse dӯr]

deer

(dɪər)

n., pl. deer, (occasionally) deers.
1. any ruminant of the family Cervidae: in most species only the males grow and shed antlers.
2. any of the smaller species of this family, as distinguished from the moose or elk.
[before 900; Middle English der, Old English dēor wild animal]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.deer - distinguished from Bovidae by the male's having solid deciduous antlersdeer - distinguished from Bovidae by the male's having solid deciduous antlers
antler - deciduous horn of a member of the deer family
scut - a short erect tail
flag - a conspicuously marked or shaped tail
ruminant - any of various cud-chewing hoofed mammals having a stomach divided into four (occasionally three) compartments
Cervidae, family Cervidae - deer: reindeer; moose or elks; muntjacs; roe deer
pricket - male deer in his second year
fawn - a young deer
Cervus elaphus, red deer, wapiti, American elk, elk - common deer of temperate Europe and Asia
Cervus unicolor, sambar, sambur - a deer of southern Asia with antlers that have three tines
American elk, Cervus elaphus canadensis, wapiti, elk - large North American deer with large much-branched antlers in the male
Cervus nipon, Cervus sika, Japanese deer, sika - small deer of Japan with slightly forked antlers
Odocoileus Virginianus, Virginia deer, white tail, whitetail, whitetail deer, white-tailed deer - common North American deer; tail has a white underside
burro deer, mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus - long-eared deer of western North America with two-pronged antlers
Alces alces, elk, European elk, moose - large northern deer with enormous flattened antlers in the male; called `elk' in Europe and `moose' in North America
Dama dama, fallow deer - small Eurasian deer
Capreolus capreolus, roe deer - small graceful deer of Eurasian woodlands having small forked antlers
caribou, Greenland caribou, Rangifer tarandus, reindeer - Arctic deer with large antlers in both sexes; called `reindeer' in Eurasia and `caribou' in North America
brocket - small South American deer with unbranched antlers
barking deer, muntjac - small Asian deer with small antlers and a cry like a bark
Moschus moschiferus, musk deer - small heavy-limbed upland deer of central Asia; male secretes valued musk
elaphure, Elaphurus davidianus, pere david's deer - large Chinese deer surviving only in domesticated herds
withers - the highest part of the back at the base of the neck of various animals especially draft animals

deer

noun
Related words
adjective cervine
male hart, stag
female doe, hind
young fawn
collective noun herd
Translations
أَيَّلأيِّل، غَزال
jelenlaňvysoká zvěř
hjortrådyr
cervo
hirv
hirvieläinkaurispeuraporohirvi
jelen
szarvas
hjartardÿr
シカ
사슴
cervacervus
briedis
cerbciută
vysoká zver
jelenkošuta
hjort
กวาง
con hươuhươunai

deer

[dɪəʳ] N (deer or deers (pl)) → ciervo m, venado m (esp LAm); (= red deer) → ciervo m común; (= roe deer) → corzo m; (= fallow deer) → gamo m

deer

[ˈdɪər] [deer] [ˈdɪər] (pl) n terme générique désignant les cervidés (= red deer) → cerf m (= roe deer) → chevreuil m (= fallow deer) → daim m; (female of any species)biche f

deer

n pl <-> (= roe deer)Reh nt; (= stag)Hirsch m; (collectively) → Rotwild nt; there are a lot of deer in the forestim Wald gibt es viel Rotwild

deer

:
deerhound
nDeerhound m
deer park
nWildpark m
deerskin
nHirsch-/Rehleder nt
deerstalker
n
(= person) jd, der auf die Pirsch geht
(= hat)˜ Sherlock-Holmes-Mütze f
deerstalking
nPirschen nt, → Pirsch f; to go deerauf die Pirsch gehen

deer

[dɪəʳ] n pl invcervo/a
the deer family → la famiglia dei cervidi

deer

(diə) plural deer noun
a kind of large, grass-eating animal, the male of which sometimes has antlers. a herd of deer.

deer

أَيَّل jelen hjort Reh ελάφι ciervo hirvieläin biche jelen cervo シカ 사슴 hert hjort jeleń veado олень hjort กวาง geyik con hươu 鹿