Prepubertal testosterone treatment of neonatally gonadectomized male rats: defeminization
and masculinization of behavioral and endocrine function in adulthood.
As Melina Abdullah points out, the "hypocritical process of defeminization
of the Black woman (enabled) Whites to justify her oppression and exploitation.
Milberg (2010), Global defeminization
Industrial upgrading, occupational segmentation and manufacturing employment in middle-income countries.
Waitresses, employed in one of the few occupations which maintained the prewar urban standards of femininity, were a clear anomaly when contrasted with the majority of female ghetto inhabitants, who often testified to the defeminization
caused by the impossibility of caring for their physical appearance.
It has been suggested that this behavioural defeminization
probably occurs in response to culturally-specific gender role expectations, which hold that male-bodied individuals should behave in a masculine manner (Bailey, 2003; Rieger & Savin-Williams, 2012).
11) Indeed, Lieutenant Uhura, Nurse Chapel, and Yeoman Rand may have soothed anxiety over the possibility of defeminization
by appearing and acting ultrafeminine, overcompensation for their relinquishing of domesticity and their adopting of scientific or technological career fields within an organizational structure patterned after the military.
49) Because male initiation ceremonies involve the removal of the prepuce from the penis, the process is seen as defeminization
, leading to masculinization of the circumcised boy.
This creates a defeminization
of formal labour observed in more capitalistic and industrial economies where the share of women in the informal sector has continually increased.
In East Asia, for example, as countries have moved to more skill-intensive manufacturing, there has been a defeminization
of the manufacturing workforce.