defile


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de·file 1

 (dĭ-fīl′)
tr.v. de·filed, de·fil·ing, de·files
1. To make filthy or dirty; pollute: defile a river with sewage.
2. To debase the pureness or excellence of; corrupt: a country landscape that was defiled by urban sprawl.
3. To profane or sully (a reputation, for example).
4. To make unclean or unfit for ceremonial use; desecrate: defile a temple.
5. To have sexual intercourse with (a woman who is a virgin).

[Middle English defilen, alteration (influenced by filen, to befoul, from Old English fȳlan; see pū̆- in Indo-European roots) of defoulen, to trample on, abuse, pollute, from Old French defouler, to trample, full cloth : de-, de- + fouler, to trample, beat down; see full2.]

de·file′ment n.
de·fil′er n.

de·file 2

 (dĭ-fīl′)
intr.v. de·filed, de·fil·ing, de·files
To move in single file or in files or columns: The soldiers defiled from the fort, arms raised in surrender.
n.
1. A narrow gorge or pass that restricts lateral movement, as of troops.
2. A march in a line.

[French défiler : dé-, away, off (from Old French de-; see de-) + file, line, file (from Old French filer, to spin thread, march in line; see file1). N., from French défilé, from past participle of défiler.]

defile

(dɪˈfaɪl)
vb (tr)
1. to make foul or dirty; pollute
2. to tarnish or sully the brightness of; taint; corrupt
3. to damage or sully (someone's good name, reputation, etc)
4. to make unfit for ceremonial use; desecrate
5. to violate the chastity of
[C14: from earlier defoilen (influenced by filen to file3), from Old French defouler to trample underfoot, abuse, from de- + fouler to tread upon; see full2]
deˈfilement n
deˈfiler n

defile

(ˈdiːfaɪl; dɪˈfaɪl)
n
1. (Physical Geography) a narrow pass or gorge, esp one between two mountains
2. (Military) a single file of soldiers, etc
vb
(Military) chiefly military to march or cause to march in single file
[C17: from French défilé, from défiler to file off, from filer to march in a column, from Old French: to spin, from fil thread, from Latin fīlum]

de•file1

(dɪˈfaɪl)

v.t. -filed, -fil•ing.
1. to make foul, dirty, or unclean.
2. to violate the chastity of.
3. to desecrate.
4. to sully, as a person's reputation.
[1275–1325; < Old French defouler to trample on, violate]
de•file′ment, n.
de•fil′er, n.
de•fil′ing•ly, adv.

de•file2

(dɪˈfaɪl, ˈdi faɪl)

n., v. -filed, -fil•ing. n.
1. a narrow passage, esp. between mountains.
v.i.
2. to march in a line or by files.
[1675–85; < French défilé, n. use of past participle of défiler to file off; see defilade]

defile


Past participle: defiled
Gerund: defiling

Imperative
defile
defile
Present
I defile
you defile
he/she/it defiles
we defile
you defile
they defile
Preterite
I defiled
you defiled
he/she/it defiled
we defiled
you defiled
they defiled
Present Continuous
I am defiling
you are defiling
he/she/it is defiling
we are defiling
you are defiling
they are defiling
Present Perfect
I have defiled
you have defiled
he/she/it has defiled
we have defiled
you have defiled
they have defiled
Past Continuous
I was defiling
you were defiling
he/she/it was defiling
we were defiling
you were defiling
they were defiling
Past Perfect
I had defiled
you had defiled
he/she/it had defiled
we had defiled
you had defiled
they had defiled
Future
I will defile
you will defile
he/she/it will defile
we will defile
you will defile
they will defile
Future Perfect
I will have defiled
you will have defiled
he/she/it will have defiled
we will have defiled
you will have defiled
they will have defiled
Future Continuous
I will be defiling
you will be defiling
he/she/it will be defiling
we will be defiling
you will be defiling
they will be defiling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been defiling
you have been defiling
he/she/it has been defiling
we have been defiling
you have been defiling
they have been defiling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been defiling
you will have been defiling
he/she/it will have been defiling
we will have been defiling
you will have been defiling
they will have been defiling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been defiling
you had been defiling
he/she/it had been defiling
we had been defiling
you had been defiling
they had been defiling
Conditional
I would defile
you would defile
he/she/it would defile
we would defile
you would defile
they would defile
Past Conditional
I would have defiled
you would have defiled
he/she/it would have defiled
we would have defiled
you would have defiled
they would have defiled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.defile - a narrow pass (especially one between mountains)defile - a narrow pass (especially one between mountains)
mountain pass, notch, pass - the location in a range of mountains of a geological formation that is lower than the surrounding peaks; "we got through the pass before it started to snow"
Verb1.defile - place under suspicion or cast doubt upon; "sully someone's reputation"
mar, deflower, impair, vitiate, spoil - make imperfect; "nothing marred her beauty"
2.defile - make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically; "The silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air"; "Her reputation was sullied after the affair with a married man"
blob, fleck, blot, spot - make a spot or mark onto; "The wine spotted the tablecloth"
darken - tarnish or stain; "a scandal that darkened the family's good name"
3.defile - spot, stain, or pollutedefile - spot, stain, or pollute; "The townspeople defiled the river by emptying raw sewage into it"
attaint, disgrace, dishonor, dishonour, shame - bring shame or dishonor upon; "he dishonored his family by committing a serious crime"

defile

verb
1. degrade, stain, disgrace, sully, debase, dishonour, besmirch, smirch He felt his father's memory had been defiled by the article.
2. desecrate, violate, contaminate, abuse, pollute, profane, dishonour, despoil, treat sacrilegiously Who gave you permission to defile this sacred place?
3. dirty, soil, contaminate, smear, pollute, taint, tarnish, make foul, smirch, befoul piles of old clothes defiled with excrement
4. violate, abuse, rape, seduce, molest, ravish, deflower The soldiers brutally defiled her in front of her parents.

defile

verb
2. To make physically impure:
3. To make morally impure:
4. To spoil or mar the sanctity of:
5. To deprive of virginity:
Translations

defile

1 [ˈdiːfaɪl] Ndesfiladero m

defile

2 [dɪˈfaɪl] VT [+ honour] → manchar; [+ flag] → ultrajar; [+ sacred thing, memory] → profanar; [+ language] → corromper; [+ woman] → deshonrar

defile

[dɪˈfaɪl]
vt [+ person, place] → souiller
[ˈdiːfaɪl] n (= narrow valley) → défilé m

defile

1
nHohlweg m
vihintereinandermarschieren

defile

2
vt (= pollute, sully)verschmutzen, verunreinigen; (= desecrate)schänden, entweihen

defile

1 [dɪˈfaɪl] vt (frm) (pollute) → deturpare

defile

2 [ˈdiːfaɪl]
1. n (liter) (passage) → gola
2. vi (march) → sfilare
References in classic literature ?
They had to be continually on the alert, too, against the mountain tribes, who beset every defile, laid ambuscades in their path, or attacked them in their night encampments; so that, of the hardy bands of trappers that first entered into these regions, three-fifths are said to have fallen by the hands of savage foes.
The consequence is that the Rocky Mountains and the ulterior regions, from the Russian possessions in the north down to the Spanish settlements of California, have been traversed and ransacked in every direction by bands of hunters and Indian traders; so that there is scarcely a mountain pass, or defile, that is not known and threaded in their restless migrations, nor a nameless stream that is not haunted by the lonely trapper.
The Rocky Mountains formed a vast barrier between them and the United States, and their stern and awful defiles, their rugged valleys, and the great western plains watered by their rivers, remained almost a terra incognita to the American trapper.
That was my ruin, for when I was in the mud I comforted myself with the thought that at other times I was a hero, and the hero was a cloak for the mud: for an ordinary man it was shameful to defile himself, but a hero was too lofty to be utterly defiled, and so he might defile himself.
Night was coming on rapidly, and it was almost dark before he at last found himself in a defile which was familiar to him.
He had now come to the mouth of the very defile in which he had left them.
From the Feast of the Epiphany there was mustering and massing, until, in the first week of February--three days after the White Company joined the army--the word was given for a general advance through the defile of Roncesvalles.
or was it, I have sometimes wondered, an unconscious and after all a sound casuistry that had saved Elizabeth's soul, an instinctive philosophy that taught her, so to say, to lay a Sigurd's sword between her soul and body, and to argue that nothing can defile the body without the consent of the soul.
The railway track wound in and out among the passes, now approaching the mountain-sides, now suspended over precipices, avoiding abrupt angles by bold curves, plunging into narrow defiles, which seemed to have no outlet.
It was eight o'clock when the train passed through the defiles of the Humboldt Range, and half-past nine when it penetrated Utah, the region of the Great Salt Lake, the singular colony of the Mormons.
The rugged defiles and deep valleys of this vast chain form sheltering places for restless and ferocious bands of savages, many of them the remnants of tribes, once inhabitants of the prairies, but broken up by war and violence, and who carry into their mountain haunts the fierce passions and reckless habits of desperadoes.
They painted in strong colors, to the poor Canadian voyageurs, the risk they would run of perishing with hunger and thirst; of being cut off by war-parties of the Sioux who scoured the plains; of having their horses stolen by the Upsarokas or Crows, who infested the skirts of the Rocky Mountains; or of being butchered by the Blackfeet, who lurked among the defiles.