demiurge


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dem·i·urge

 (dĕm′ē-ûrj′)
n.
1. A powerful creative force or personality.
2. A public magistrate in some ancient Greek states.
3. Demiurge A deity in Gnosticism, Manichaeism, and other religions who creates the material world and is often viewed as the originator of evil.
4. Demiurge A Platonic deity who orders or fashions the material world out of chaos.

[Late Latin dēmiurgus, from Greek dēmiourgos, artisan : dēmios, public (from dēmos, people; see dā- in Indo-European roots) + ergos, worker (from ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European roots).]

dem′i·ur′geous (-ûr′jəs), dem′i·ur′gic (-jĭk), dem′i·ur′gi·cal (-jĭ-kəl) adj.
dem′i·ur′gi·cal·ly adv.

demiurge

(ˈdɛmɪˌɜːdʒ; ˈdiː-) or

demiurgus

n
1. (Philosophy)
a. (in the philosophy of Plato) the creator of the universe
b. (in Gnostic and some other philosophies) the creator of the universe, supernatural but subordinate to the Supreme Being
2. (Law) (in ancient Greece) a magistrate with varying powers found in any of several states
[C17: from Church Latin dēmiūrgus, from Greek dēmiourgos skilled workman, literally: one who works for the people, from dēmos people + ergon work]
ˌdemiˈurgeous, ˌdemiˈurgic, ˌdemiˈurgical adj
ˌdemiˈurgically adv

dem•i•urge

(ˈdɛm iˌɜrdʒ)

n.
1.
a. (in Platonism) the artificer of the world.
b. (in Gnostic and other systems) a subordinate supernatural being who created the world and is regarded as the creator of evil.
2. (in ancient Greece) a public official or magistrate.
[1590–1600; < Greek dēmiourgós artisan, public official =dḗmio(s) of the people (derivative of dêmos the people) + -orgos, akin to érgon work]
dem`i•ur′gi•cal•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.demiurge - a subordinate deity, in some philosophies the creator of the universe
deity, divinity, god, immortal - any supernatural being worshipped as controlling some part of the world or some aspect of life or who is the personification of a force
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
demiurge software is utilizing banner ad technology to sponsor the use of the service and will be releasing a Intranet version with more collaborative workflow features by the third quarter.
Such a reading hardly implies a doctrine of creation since it understands matter as eternal and subsisting independently from the Demiurge.
In fact, there is no separate domain where art dwells, just as there is no higher world over which a god or a demiurge presides.
For many Gnostics this god of Abraham and Isaac was Iao Sabaoth, an evil demiurge whose Mosaic law was designed to separate mankind from the truth, an argument which could find grounding in the apparent rejection of the law by the prophets: "Obedience is better than sacrifice, and submission than the fat of rams" (1 Sam.
For the Valentinians, only those who are naturally the offspring of the demiurge Yahweh, the psychic or animal humans, can exercise an option to be made or to be reputed children of God or of the devil, according to whichever will or desire they choose to follow.
Ultimately, Andi's reading fosters egoism: "The scandals at the Swedish court had taken place for my sake, crimes and adulteries were committed to give me gossip with which to charm my friends: I was the demiurge of an envious, evil humanity" (57).
As Aeon Flux, players will dive first-person into a world of acrobatic, pistol packing, dangerously erotic, mission-driven action to capture the Demiurge, a supernatural being with the power to bring the dead to life.
He then adds that the demiurge is responsible for all the good things (panta kala) in the cosmos, while "everything harsh and unjust" in itself and in the beings within it is due to its previous disordered condition.
Here I have in mind Hellenistic interpretations of Plato's Timaeus, particularly Plato's view concerning the cosmos' relation to the demiurge, and Aristotle's subsequent critique of this notion in De Caelo I.
His metaphorical answer in the Philebus (38a6) was that a psychic demiurge wrote onto the soul a true copy of the logos.
ARTUR ZMIJEWSKI: Society often takes the artist for a shaman, demiurge, or painted bird--a bit of a madman, someone consumed by an incurable ailment.
The role of the Platonic Demiurge is thus primarily epistemological, not moral or esthetic: he improves the world by infusing it with standards, thereby making it "more intelligible" (xxi).