demiurge(redirected from demiurges)
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1. A powerful creative force or personality.
2. A public magistrate in some ancient Greek states.
3. Demiurge A deity in Gnosticism, Manichaeism, and other religions who creates the material world and is often viewed as the originator of evil.
4. Demiurge A Platonic deity who orders or fashions the material world out of chaos.
[Late Latin dēmiurgus, from Greek dēmiourgos, artisan : dēmios, public (from dēmos, people; see dā- in Indo-European roots) + ergos, worker (from ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European roots).]
dem′i·ur′geous (-ûr′jəs), dem′i·ur′gic (-jĭk), dem′i·ur′gi·cal (-jĭ-kəl) adj.
demiurge(ˈdɛmɪˌɜːdʒ; ˈdiː-) or
a. (in the philosophy of Plato) the creator of the universe
b. (in Gnostic and some other philosophies) the creator of the universe, supernatural but subordinate to the Supreme Being
2. (Law) (in ancient Greece) a magistrate with varying powers found in any of several states
[C17: from Church Latin dēmiūrgus, from Greek dēmiourgos skilled workman, literally: one who works for the people, from dēmos people + ergon work]
ˌdemiˈurgeous, ˌdemiˈurgic, ˌdemiˈurgical adj
a. (in Platonism) the artificer of the world.
b. (in Gnostic and other systems) a subordinate supernatural being who created the world and is regarded as the creator of evil.
2. (in ancient Greece) a public official or magistrate.
[1590–1600; < Greek dēmiourgós artisan, public official =dḗmio(s) of the people (derivative of dêmos the people) + -orgos, akin to érgon work]