demyelination


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Related to demyelination: vasculitis, Demyelinating diseases

de·my·e·lin·ate

 (dē-mī′ə-lə-nāt′)
tr.v. de·my·e·lin·at·ed, de·my·e·lin·at·ing, de·my·e·lin·ates
To destroy or remove the myelin sheath of (a nerve fiber), as through disease.

de·my′e·lin·a′tion n.

demyelination

(diːˌmaɪəlɪˈneɪʃən)
n
the removal or destruction of the myelin sheath surrounding a nerve
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.demyelination - loss of the myelin covering of some nerve fibers resulting in their impaired function
degenerative disorder - condition leading to progressive loss of function
disseminated multiple sclerosis, disseminated sclerosis, MS, multiple sclerosis - a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
Translations
demyelinizace

de·my·e·li·na·tion

, demyelinization
n. desmielinización, pérdida de la capa de mielina de un nervio.
References in periodicals archive ?
Multiple sclerosis is assumed to be an autoimmune disease, the hallmark sign of which is inflammatory demyelination of the central nervous system characterized by demyelinating plaques in the brain and the spinal cord.
About X-ALD X-ALD is a rare and often fatal metabolic disorder characterized by a breakdown in the protective barriers surrounding brain and nerve cells; a process known as demyelination.
7] Broadly, this presentation may be due to demyelination (e.
Imaging studies show the virus attacking at the anterior horns of the spinal cord; nerve conduction studies show a motor axonopathy, but without much demyelination.
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, inflammatory medical condition that results in demyelination, axonal transection, and neurodegeneration.
In males, there are three main phenotypes: the childhood cerebral form, a rapidly progressive brain inflammatory demyelination, which occurs in about 35 per-cent of males with ALD between the ages of 4 to 10 years; the more slowly progressive form--the adult spinal cord disease, adrenomyeloneuropathy; and the Addison's or adrenal insufficiency only.
The researchers then cautioned against using resveratrol for human inflammatory demyelination diseases like MS.
Could you tackle the controversy over rabies vaccines and demyelination in dogs?
Spinal cord neuropathology showed higher pathology scores in demyelination, meningitis, perivascular cuffing (inflammation), and overall pathology in mice that had been given resveratrol during the early phase compared with mice fed a control diet, whereas mice treated with resveratrol during the entire treatment period had significantly higher pathology scores in meningitis and overall pathology than controls.
Mice treated with older donor cells had increased inflammation of the central nervous system, demyelination leading to an impairment in movement, cognition and other functions dependent on nerves, and a proliferation of spenocytes (white blood cells in the spleen), compared to the mice receiving cells from younger donors," Dr.
The rapid overcorrection of sodium (10 mmol/L in the first 12 h) increased the risk of osmotic demyelination because complications have been noted if the serum sodium change is >0.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease in which the myelin sheaths around the axons of the brain and spinal cord are damaged, leading to demyelination and a wide range of signs and symptoms.