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Related to deoxyribose: phosphodiester bond


A pentose sugar, C5H10O4, that is a constituent of DNA and differs from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of a hydroxyl group on one of its carbon atoms.


(diːˌɒksɪˈraɪbəʊs; -bəʊz) or


(Biochemistry) a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA. Formula: C5H10O4


(diˌɒk sɪˈraɪ boʊs)

1. any of certain carbohydrates derived from ribose by the replacement of a hydroxyl group with a hydrogen atom.
2. the sugar, HOCH2(CHOH)2CH2CHO, obtained from DNA by hydrolysis.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.deoxyribose - a sugar that is a constituent of nucleic acidsdeoxyribose - a sugar that is a constituent of nucleic acids
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
References in periodicals archive ?
OH scavenging activity: It was measured by the deoxyribose method (Halliwell et al.
9) Still the most astonishing recent development occurred in April 2015, when Chinese scientists revealed that they used a new technology known as CRISPR-Cas9 to, for the first time, edit deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) in human embryos.
Watson JD, Crick FH (1953) Molecular structure of nucleic acids: A structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid.
Another approach consists in using L-enantiomer of deoxyribose or ribose to synthesize the so-called Spiegelmers that are resistant to nuclease digestion.
It has a 5' quencher and a fluorophore at 5-6 bases downstream attached to the ribose of an abasic nucleotide via a C-O-C linker, herein deoxyribose (dR)-fluorophore.
The deoxyribose method: a simple 'test tube' assay for determination of rate constants for reactions of hydroxyl radicals.
Nonetheless, in vitro antioxidant activity assays did not show any pronounced antioxidant activity of (+)-protolichesterinic acid using modelled membrane lipid peroxidation, diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging and deoxyribose degradation assays (Kumar and Muller 1999a), and the authors indicate that (+)-protolichesterinic acid tends to have a specific enzyme interaction, rather than a non-specific redox mechanism.
In addition, DNA and RNA are polymers of the monosaccharides deoxyribose and ribose respectively and constitute the basis of genetic blueprint and memory for almost all forms of life.
Deoxyribose nucleic acid concentration and purity was measured using a NanoVue spectrophotometer.
The building bricks of DNA are the nucleotides, made of nitrogen bases (adenine, guanine, thymine and cytosine), deoxyribose and phosphate groups.
Catechin, quercetin, Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, deoxyribose, deoxyribose, xanthine oxidase, hypoxantine, aluminium chloride (Al[Cl.
Aruoma, The Deoxyribose Method: a Simple "Test-Tube" Assay for Determination of Rate Constants for Reactions of Hydroxyl Radicals, Analytical Biochemistry, 165, 215 (1987).