dependence


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de·pen·dence

also de·pen·dance  (dĭ-pĕn′dəns)
n.
1.
a. The state of being determined, influenced, or controlled by something else: the economy's dependence on oil.
b. The state of being dependent on another for financial support.
2. The condition of being dependent on a substance such as a drug or on a given behavior: alcohol dependence; gambling dependence.
3. Archaic Trust; reliance.

dependence

(dɪˈpɛndəns) or

dependance

n
1. the state or fact of being dependent, esp for support or help
2. reliance; trust; confidence
3. rare an object or person relied upon

de•pend•ence

(dɪˈpɛn dəns)

n.
1. the state of relying on or needing someone or something for aid, support, or the like.
2. reliance; trust.
3. the state of being conditional or contingent on something: the dependence of an effect upon a cause.
4. the state of being psychologically or physiologically dependent on a drug or alcohol.
5. subordination or subjection.
Sometimes, de•pend′ance.
[1400–50; < Old French]

Dependence

 

close as the bark to the tree See FRIENDSHIP.

hang on [someone’s] sleeve To be completely dependent on someone for support or assistance; to rely on someone else’s judgment. The allusion is perhaps to children hanging onto their mother’s sleeve. This expression, now obsolete, dates from at least 1548. It appears in Samuel Hieron’s Works (1607):

You shall see … a third hanging upon some lawyer’s sleeve, to plot and devise how to perpetuate his estate.

hooked Addicted; entangled in a difficult situation; under someone else’s power or influence; devoted to or obsessed by a person, occupation, or other matter. This expression refers to the plight of a fish that has been captured, or hooked, by a fisherman, a fate which usually leads to the animal’s destruction. Hooked or the related on the hook often describes a person who is addicted to or dependent on drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, or some other potentially harmful habit; but it is used equally often in reference to one’s consuming hobby or interest.

“Poor Caudle!” he said to himself; “he’s hooked, and he’ll never get himself off the hook again.” (Anthony Trollope, The Small House At Arlington, 1864)

See also get someone off the hook, RESCUE.

meal ticket One’s main source of income; a person, skill, or talent upon which one depends for his livelihood. This familiar expression originally referred to a prize fighter who was virtually the breadwinner for his agent and manager. Today, the phrase is usually used in reference to a working spouse.

He was her meal-ticket. Why should she want him sent to the pen? (H. Howard, Nice Day for a Funeral, 1972)

on a string Dependent, easily manipulated, psychologically or financially tied to another person; unable to stand on one’s own two feet. This expression dates from the 1500s although it is antedated by use of the single word string referring to a leash or other inhibiting tie or connection.

Make him put his slippers on, And be sure his boots are gone, And you’ve got him on a string, you see. (Circus Girl, 1897)

Currently on a string is often heard in the context of relationships where one person is subject to the whims of another.

on [someone’s] coattails Dependent upon or as a consequence of another’s effort. The image is of a swallow-tailed coat, whose tapered ends naturally follow its body as sort of secondary appendages. The term is usually derogatory, implying a lack of ability to fare for one-self or to gain an undeserved benefit. Its most frequent use, as well as its origin, is probably political: to ride in on someone’s coattails means to be carried into office because a popular candidate led the ticket. Abraham Lincoln used the term in 1848:

Has he no acquaintance with the ample military coat tail of General Jackson? Does he not know that his own party have run the last five Presidential races on that coat tail? (Congressional Globe)

tied to [someone’s] apron strings Completely under someone’s thumb, totally dominated by or dependent on another person; usually used in reference to a husband or son’s relationship with his wife or mother, respectively. The allusion is probably to the way small children cling to their mother’s skirts for support and protection. Thomas Babington Macaulay used the expression in The History of England from the Accession of James II (1849):

He could not submit to be tied to the apron strings even of the best of wives.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dependence - the state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something elsedependence - the state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something else
state - the way something is with respect to its main attributes; "the current state of knowledge"; "his state of health"; "in a weak financial state"
helplessness - the state of needing help from something
reliance - the state of relying on something
subordination - the state of being subordinate to something
contingency - the state of being contingent on something
2.dependence - being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)dependence - being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
narcotic - a drug that produces numbness or stupor; often taken for pleasure or to reduce pain; extensive use can lead to addiction
physical condition, physiological condition, physiological state - the condition or state of the body or bodily functions
drug addiction, white plague - an addiction to a drug (especially a narcotic drug)

dependence

noun
1. reliance, trust, hope, confidence, belief, faith, expectation, assurance the city's traditional dependence on tourism
2. overreliance, need, addiction, reliance, attachment Some doctors regard drug dependence as a psychological disorder.
3. helplessness, weakness, vulnerability the total dependence of her infirm husband

dependence

also dependance
noun
Absolute certainty in the trustworthiness of another:
Translations
závislost
ovisnostzavisnost
odvisnost
beroende

dependence

[dɪˈpendəns] Ndependencia f (on de) she wants to be cured of her dependence on tranquillizersquiere curarse de su dependencia de los tranquilizantes
his dependence on her for financial supportsu dependencia económica de ella
dependence on drugs; drug dependencedrogodependencia f (frm)

dependence

[dɪˈpɛndəns] n
(= addiction) (on drugs, alcohol)dépendance f
drug dependence → dépendance à la drogue
(= reliance) dependence on sth → dépendance envers qch
dependence on sb → dépendance à l'égard de qn

dependence

nAbhängigkeit f(on, upon von); drug/alcohol dependenceDrogen-/Alkoholabhängigkeit f

dependence

[dɪˈpɛndəns] n dependence (on)dipendenza (da)

de·pen·dence

n. dependencia, subordinación;
___ producing drugsdrogas adictivas, de dependencia.

dependence

n dependencia, hábito; nicotine — dependencia a la nicotina, hábito tabáquico
References in classic literature ?
Hither the faithful singing- master had now brought himself, together with all his sorrows, his apprehensions, and his meek dependence on the protection of Providence.
In the baser sort, its effect was to increase the liability to sluggishness and dependence, and induce the victim of a shadowy hope to remit all self-effort, while awaiting the realization of his dreams.
Standing alone in the world -- alone, as to any dependence on society, and with little Pearl to be guided and protected -- alone, and hopeless of retrieving her position, even had she not scorned to consider it desirable -- she cast away the fragment a broken chain.
I have a great regard for you and Emma; but when it comes to the question of dependence or independence
Not a soul of all my relations know of it but Anne, and I never should have mentioned it to you, if I had not felt the greatest dependence in the world upon your secrecy; and I really thought my behaviour in asking so many questions about Mrs.
This reproach of my dependence had become a vague sing-song in my ear: very painful and crushing, but only half intelligible.
In that manner Hareton, who should now be the first gentleman in the neighbourhood, was reduced to a state of complete dependence on his father's inveterate enemy; and lives in his own house as a servant, deprived of the advantage of wages: quite unable to right himself, because of his friendlessness, and his ignorance that he has been wronged.
She has formed some desperate project of contesting the possession of her father's fortune with Michael Vanstone; and the stage career which she has gone away to try is nothing more than a means of freeing herself from all home dependence, and of enabling her to run what mad risks she pleases, in perfect security from all home control.
I saw in this, wretched though it made me, and bitter the sense of dependence and even of degradation that it awakened - I saw in this, that Estella was set to wreak Miss Havisham's revenge on men, and that she was not to be given to me until she had gratified it for a term.
Left groping in darkness, with his prop utterly gone, Silas had inevitably a sense, though a dull and half-despairing one, that if any help came to him it must come from without; and there was a slight stirring of expectation at the sight of his fellow-men, a faint consciousness of dependence on their goodwill.
Yet Gertrude remained single, and the admiral, who had formerly spent more money than he could comfortably afford on her education, and was still doing so upon her state and personal adornment, was complaining so unpleasantly of her failure to get taken off his hands, that she could hardly bear to live at home, and was ready to marry any thoroughbred gentleman, however unsuitable his age or character, who would relieve her from her humiliating dependence.
He observed, "that among the diversions of our nobility and gentry, I had mentioned gaming: he desired to know at what age this entertainment was usually taken up, and when it was laid down; how much of their time it employed; whether it ever went so high as to affect their fortunes; whether mean, vicious people, by their dexterity in that art, might not arrive at great riches, and sometimes keep our very nobles in dependence, as well as habituate them to vile companions, wholly take them from the improvement of their minds, and force them, by the losses they received, to learn and practise that infamous dexterity upon others?