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1. Determined, influenced, or controlled by something else.
2. Grammar Subordinate to another clause, phrase, or word.
3. Relying on or requiring the aid or support of another: adult children who are still dependent on their parents.
4. Needing to continue use of a drug or other substance or engagement in a specific activity in order to avoid experiencing withdrawal symptoms: dependent on alcohol.
5. Archaic Hanging down.
also de·pen·dant One who relies on another, especially for financial support.

de·pen′dent·ly adv.
Synonyms: dependent, conditional, contingent, subject
These adjectives mean determined by something else: a water supply dependent on rainfall; conditional acceptance of the apology; assistance contingent on need; promotion subject to merit.


(dɪˈpɛndənt) or


1. depending on a person or thing for aid, support, life, etc
2. (postpositive; foll by on or upon) influenced or conditioned (by); contingent (on)
3. subordinate; subject: a dependent prince.
4. obsolete hanging down
5. (Mathematics) maths
a. (of a variable) having a value depending on that assumed by a related independent variable
b. (of a linear equation) having every solution as a solution of one or more given linear equations
6. (Linguistics) grammar an element in a phrase or clause that is not the governor
7. a variant spelling (esp US) of dependant
deˈpendently adv


(dɪˈpɛn dənt)

1. relying on someone or something else for aid, support, etc.
2. conditioned or determined by something else: Our trip is dependent on the weather.
3. subordinate; subject: a dependent territory.
4. used only in connection with other forms, not in isolation; subordinate. In I walked out when the bell rang, when the bell rang is a dependent clause. Compare independent (def. 10).
5. hanging down.
a. (of a variable) having values determined by one or more independent variables.
b. (of an equation) having solutions that are identical to those of another equation or to those of a set of equations.
7. a person who depends on someone or something for support, favor, etc., esp. a child, spouse, or aged parent.
Often, esp. for def. 8, de•pend′ant.
de•pend′ent•ly, adv.


1. used as an adjective

If you are dependent on someone or something, you need them in order to survive.

At first, a patient may feel very dependent on the nurses.
...those who are entirely dependent for their welfare on the public services.
All competitively priced newspapers became dependent on advertising.
2. used as a noun

In British English, your dependants are the people who you support financially, such as your children.

...shorter or more flexible working hours for people with dependants.

In American English, this noun is usually spelled dependent.

Employees and their dependents are seeking help in greater numbers.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dependent - a person who relies on another person for support (especially financial support)
recipient, receiver - a person who receives something
charge - a person committed to your care; "the teacher led her charges across the street"
minion - a servile or fawning dependant
Adj.1.dependent - relying on or requiring a person or thing for support, supply, or what is needed; "dependent children"; "dependent on moisture"
unfree - hampered and not free; not able to act at will
independent - free from external control and constraint; "an independent mind"; "a series of independent judgments"; "fiercely independent individualism"
2.dependent - contingent on something else
conditional - imposing or depending on or containing a condition; "conditional acceptance of the terms"; "lent conditional support"; "the conditional sale will not be complete until the full purchase price is paid"
3.dependent - (of a clause) unable to stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence; "a subordinate (or dependent) clause functions as a noun or adjective or adverb within a sentence"
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
main, independent - (of a clause) capable of standing syntactically alone as a complete sentence; "the main (or independent) clause in a complex sentence has at least a subject and a verb"
main, independent - (of a clause) capable of standing syntactically alone as a complete sentence; "the main (or independent) clause in a complex sentence has at least a subject and a verb"
4.dependent - held from above; "a pendant bunch of grapes"
supported - held up or having the weight borne especially from below; "supported joints in a railroad track have ties directly under the rail ends"
5.dependent - being under the power or sovereignty of another or others; "subject peoples"; "a dependent prince"
subordinate - subject or submissive to authority or the control of another; "a subordinate kingdom"
6.dependent - addicted to a drug
addicted - compulsively or physiologically dependent on something habit-forming; "she is addicted to chocolate"; "addicted to cocaine"


U.S. (sometimes) dependant
adjective reliant, vulnerable, helpless, incapable, powerless, needy, weak, defenceless I refuse to be dependent, despite having a baby to care for.
reliant independent, self-reliant
dependent on or upon reliant on, relying on, supported by, counting on, leaning on, sustained by He was dependent on his parents for everything.
1. determined by, depending on, subject to, influenced by, relative to, liable to, conditional on, contingent on companies whose earnings are largely dependent on foreign economies
2. addicted to, hooked on (informal), over-reliant on people who are totally dependent on heroin see dependant


1. Determined or to be determined by someone or something else:
2. In a position of subordination:
A person who relies on another for support:
مُعْتَمِد عَلىمُعْتَمِد، تابِع
afhængigkomme an på
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háîurráîast af


1. (= reliant) he has no dependent relativesno tiene cargas familiares, no tiene familiares a su cargo
to be dependent on or upon sth/sbdepender de algo/algn
to be financially dependent on sbdepender económicamente de algn
to be dependent on drugsser drogodependiente (frm)
to become dependent on or upon sth/sbllegar a depender de algo/algn
he had become dependent on her for affectionhabía llegado a depender de ella afectivamente
2. (Ling) [clause] → subordinado
3. (= conditional) to be dependent on or upon sthdepender de algo
tourism is dependent on (the) climateel turismo depende del clima
B. N (esp US) = dependant


(= reliant) to be dependent on sb/sth → dépendre de qn/qch
(= contingent) to be dependent on sth → dépendre de qch


(= reliant, also Gram, Math) → abhängig; financially dependentfinanziell abhängig; dependent on insulininsulinabhängig; to be dependent on or upon somebody/somethingvon jdm/etw abhängig sein; heavily dependent on the tourist tradestark vom Tourismus abhängig; to be dependent on charity/somebody’s goodwillauf Almosen/jds Wohlwollen angewiesen sein; to be dependent on or upon somebody/something for somethingfür etw auf jdn/etw angewiesen sein; to be dependent on or upon somebody/something to do somethingauf jdn/etw angewiesen sein, um etw zu tun; to have dependent childrenKinder haben, für deren Unterhalt man aufkommen muss
to be dependent on or upon somebody/something (= determined by)von jdm/etw abhängen; your success is dependent (up)on the effort you put inder Erfolg hängt davon ab, wie viel Mühe du dir gibst


1. adj to be dependent (on) (gen) → dipendere (da); (child, relative) → essere a carico (di)
2. n = dependant


(diˈpend) verb
(with on).
1. to rely on. You can't depend on his arriving on time.
2. to rely on receiving necessary (financial) support from. The school depends for its survival on money from the Church.
3. (of a future happening etc) to be decided by. Our success depends on everyone working hard.
deˈpendable adjective
(negative undependable) trustworthy or reliable. I know he'll remember to get the wine – he's very dependable.
deˈpendant noun
a person who is kept or supported by another. He has five dependants to support – a wife and four children.
deˈpendent adjective
1. relying on (someone etc) for (financial) support. He is totally dependent on his parents.
2. (of a future happening etc) to be decided by. Whether we go or not is dependent on whether we have enough money.
it/that depends, it all depends
what happens, is decided etc, will be affected by something else. I don't know if I'll go to the party – it all depends.

to look after one's dependants (not dependents).
to be dependent (not dependant) on one's parents.


n. dependiente;
a. dependiente;
___ caresoporte al ___;
___ drainagedrenaje___;
___ edemaedema ___;
___ personalitypersonalidad ___.


adj dependiente; You may become dependent on this medication..Puede volverse dependiente de este medicamento; oxygen-dependent, steroid-dependent, etc. dependiente de oxígeno, dependiente de esteroides, etc.
References in classic literature ?
And when I mention honour, I mean that mode of Divine grace which is not only consistent with, but dependent upon, this religion; and is consistent with and dependent upon no other.
There remains, however, an important question, namely: Are mental events causally dependent upon physical events in a sense in which the converse dependence does not hold?
I conclude, therefore, that no principality is secure without having its own forces; on the contrary, it is entirely dependent on good fortune, not having the valour which in adversity would defend it.
Only the expression of the will of the Deity, not dependent on time, can relate to a whole series of events occurring over a period of years or centuries, and only the Deity, independent of everything, can by His sole will determine the direction of humanity's movement; but man acts in time and himself takes part in what occurs.
The councils were held in great state, for every member felt as if sitting in parliament, and every retainer and dependent looked up to the assemblage with awe, as to the House of Lords.
Notwithstanding the different modes in which they are appointed, we must consider both of them as substantially dependent on the great body of the citizens of the United States.
1) In diction, dialect and style it is obviously dependent upon Homer, and is therefore considerably later than the "Iliad" and "Odyssey": moreover, as we have seen, it is in revolt against the romantic school, already grown decadent, and while the digamma is still living, it is obviously growing weak, and is by no means uniformly effective.
They are left dependent," he said, at last, "on the justice and the mercy of a stranger.
Smith has this morning exercised the privilege of riches upon a poor dependent cousin, by sending me on business to London.
These, then, are qualities, and the things that take their name from them as derivatives, or are in some other way dependent on them, are said to be qualified in some specific way.
But to produce this effect by the mere spectacle is a less artistic method, and dependent on extraneous aids.
The fleet tactics of the sailing days have been governed by two points: the deadly nature of a raking fire, and the dread, natural to a commander dependent upon the winds, to find at some crucial moment part of his fleet thrown hopelessly to leeward.

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