depression


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de·pres·sion

 (dĭ-prĕsh′ən)
n.
1.
a. The act of depressing.
b. The condition of being depressed.
2. An area that is sunk below its surroundings; a hollow.
3. The condition of feeling sad or despondent.
4. A mood disorder characterized usually by anhedonia, extreme sadness, poor concentration, sleep problems, loss of appetite, and feelings of guilt, helplessness, and hopelessness. Also called clinical depression.
5. A lowering or reduction, as:
a. A reduction in physiological vigor or activity: a depression in respiration.
b. A lowering in amount, degree, or position: depression of stock prices.
6.
a. A period of drastic economic decline, characterized by decreasing aggregate output, falling prices, and rising unemployment.
b. A period of widespread poverty and high unemployment.
c. Depression See Great Depression.
7. Meteorology A region of low barometric pressure.
8. The angular distance below the horizontal plane through the point of observation.
9. Astronomy The angular distance of a celestial body below the horizon.

depression

(dɪˈprɛʃən)
n
1. the act of depressing or state of being depressed
2. a depressed or sunken place or area
3. (Psychiatry) a mental disorder characterized by extreme gloom, feelings of inadequacy, and inability to concentrate
4. (Pathology) pathol an abnormal lowering of the rate of any physiological activity or function, such as respiration
5. (Economics) an economic condition characterized by substantial and protracted unemployment, low output and investment, etc; slump
6. (Physical Geography) meteorol Also called: cyclone or low a large body of rotating and rising air below normal atmospheric pressure, which often brings rain
7. (Surveying) (esp in surveying and astronomy) the angular distance of an object, celestial body, etc, below the horizontal plane through the point of observation. Compare elevation11
8. (Astronomy) (esp in surveying and astronomy) the angular distance of an object, celestial body, etc, below the horizontal plane through the point of observation. Compare elevation11

Depression

(dɪˈprɛʃən)
n
(Historical Terms) the Depression the worldwide economic depression of the early 1930s, when there was mass unemployment. Also known as: the Great Depression or the Slump

de•pres•sion

(dɪˈprɛʃ ən)

n.
1. the act of depressing.
2. the state of being depressed.
3. a depressed or sunken place or part; an area lower than the surrounding surface.
4. sadness; gloom; dejection.
5. Psychiatry. a condition of general emotional dejection and withdrawal; sadness greater and more prolonged than that warranted by any objective reason.
6. a low state of functional activity.
7. dullness or inactivity, as of trade.
8. a period during which business, employment, and stock-market values decline severely.
9. the Depression, the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock market crash in October 1929 and continuing through most of the 1930s.
10. the angular distance of a celestial body below the horizon.
11. the angle between the line from an observer or surveying instrument to an object below either of them and a horizontal line.
12. an area surrounded by higher land, ordinarily having interior drainage and not conforming to the valley of a single stream.
13. an area of low atmospheric pressure.
[1350–1400; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Medieval Latin, Late Latin]

depression

1. A severe downturn in the trade cycle characterized by high levels of unemployment, low output and investment.
2. An area of low pressure where the winds are spiraling inward. Also known as a low.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.depression - a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activitydepression - a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
mental condition, mental state, psychological condition, psychological state - (psychology) a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic; "a manic state"
melancholia - extreme depression characterized by tearful sadness and irrational fears
blue devils, megrims, vapors, vapours, blues - a state of depression; "he had a bad case of the blues"
blue funk, funk - a state of nervous depression; "he was in a funk"
melancholy - a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed
slough of despond - (formal) extreme depression
low spirits - a state of mild depression
dejection - a state of melancholy depression
elation - an exhilarating psychological state of pride and optimism; an absence of depression
2.depression - a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
crisis - an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty; "they went bankrupt during the economic crisis"
economic condition - the condition of the economy
3.depression - a sunken or depressed geological formation
basin - a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a lake at the bottom of it; "the basin of the Great Salt Lake"
bed, bottom - a depression forming the ground under a body of water; "he searched for treasure on the ocean bed"
crater - a bowl-shaped depression formed by the impact of a meteorite or bomb
geological formation, formation - (geology) the geological features of the earth
hollow, hole - a depression hollowed out of solid matter
lowland - low level country
sinkhole, swallow hole, sink - a depression in the ground communicating with a subterranean passage (especially in limestone) and formed by solution or by collapse of a cavern roof
oceanic abyss, trench, deep - a long steep-sided depression in the ocean floor
trough - a narrow depression (as in the earth or between ocean waves or in the ocean bed)
vale, valley - a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river
4.depression - sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy
sadness, unhappiness - emotions experienced when not in a state of well-being
demoralisation, demoralization - depression resulting from an undermining of your morale
helplessness - a feeling of being unable to manage
despondence, despondency, disconsolateness, heartsickness - feeling downcast and disheartened and hopeless
oppressiveness, oppression - a feeling of being oppressed
dysphoria - abnormal depression and discontent
5.Depression - a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment
6.depression - an air mass of lower pressuredepression - an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation; "a low moved in over night bringing sleet and snow"
air mass - a large body of air with uniform characteristics horizontally
cyclone - (meteorology) rapid inward circulation of air masses about a low pressure center; circling counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern
7.depression - a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
affective disorder, emotional disorder, emotional disturbance, major affective disorder - any mental disorder not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain and in which a major disturbance of emotions is predominant
agitated depression - a state of clinical depression in which the person exhibits irritability and restlessness
anaclitic depression - severe and progressive depression in infants who lose their mother and do not get a suitable substitute
dysthymia, dysthymic depression - mild chronic depression; "I thought she had just been in a bad mood for thirty years, but the doctor called it dysthymia"
endogenous depression - a state of depression for which there is no apparent precipitating cause
exogenous depression, reactive depression - an inappropriate state of depression that is precipitated by events in the person's life (to be distinguished from normal grief)
major depressive episode - (psychiatry) a state of depression with all the classic symptoms (anhedonia and lethargy and sleep disturbance and despondency and morbid thoughts and feelings of worthlessness and sometimes attempted suicide) but with no known organic dysfunction
neurotic depression - a term used for any state of depression that is not psychotic
psychotic depression - a state of depression so severe that the person loses contact with reality and suffers a variety of functional impairments
retarded depression - a state of clinical depression in which the individual is lethargic and slow to initiate action
8.depression - a concavity in a surface produced by pressing; "he left the impression of his fingers in the soft mud"
dimple - a small natural hollow in the cheek or chin; "His dimple appeared whenever he smiled"
concave shape, concavity, incurvation, incurvature - a shape that curves or bends inward
groove, channel - a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record)
dimple - any slight depression in a surface; "there are approximately 336 dimples on a golf ball"
dip - a depression in an otherwise level surface; "there was a dip in the road"
incision, prick, scratch, dent, slit - a depression scratched or carved into a surface
droop, sag - a shape that sags; "there was a sag in the chair seat"
crinkle, wrinkle, furrow, crease, seam, line - a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface; "his face has many lines"; "ironing gets rid of most wrinkles"
cranny, crevice, fissure, chap, crack - a long narrow depression in a surface
9.depression - angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
angular position - relation by which any position with respect to any other position is established
10.depression - pushing down; "depression of the space bar on the typewriter"
push, pushing - the act of applying force in order to move something away; "he gave the door a hard push"; "the pushing is good exercise"
mouse click, click - depression of a button on a computer mouse; "a click on the right button for example"

depression

noun
1. despair, misery, sadness, dumps (informal), the blues, melancholy, unhappiness, hopelessness, despondency, the hump (Brit. informal), bleakness, melancholia, dejection, wretchedness, low spirits, gloominess, dolefulness, cheerlessness, downheartedness I slid into a depression and became morbidly fascinated with death.
2. recession, slump, economic decline, stagnation, inactivity, hard or bad times He never forgot the hardships he witnessed during the depression.
3. hollow, pit, dip, bowl, valley, sink, impression, dent, sag, cavity, excavation, indentation, dimple, concavity an area pockmarked by rainfilled depressions
Quotations
"It's a recession when your neighbour loses his job; it's a depression when you lose yours" [Harry S. Truman]

depression

noun
1. An area sunk below its surroundings:
3. A period of decreased business activity and high unemployment:
Translations
depressiegemoedsbekakkinglaagdruk
إنْخِفاض جَوّي، هُبوطحُزْنرُكود إقْتِصادي، كَسادكآبَه، غَم، إنْقِباضكساد
depresedůlekjamkakrizeproláklina
depressionfordybninghulningkriselavtryk
masennusmatalapainepainaumadepressiolama
depresija
alacsony légnyomásdepresszióüzleti pangás
dældgeîlægî, sjúklegt òunglyndilægîsamdráttur, kreppaþunglyndi
憂鬱
우울
depresija
depresiatlaková níž
depresija
depressionlågtryck
ความหดหู่
depresyongöçükkrizalçak basınç merkezibunalım
sự chán nản

depression

[dɪˈpreʃən] N
1. (= dejection) → depresión f, abatimiento m
2. (Met) → depresión f
3. (Econ) → depresión f, crisis f inv (económica)
the Depressionla Depresión
4. (= hollow) (in surface) → depresión f; (in ground, road) → bache m, hoyo m

depression

[dɪˈprɛʃən] n
(MEDICINE)dépression f
to suffer from depression → souffrir de dépression
(ECONOMICS) (= slump) → dépression f
(METEOROLOGY) (= area of low pressure) → dépression f atmosphérique
(= hollow) → creux m

depression

n
Depression f; (Med) → Depressionen pl
(of lever)Herunter- or Niederdrücken nt; (of key, push button)Drücken nt, → Betätigen nt, → Betätigung f
(in ground) → Vertiefung f, → Senke f, → Mulde f
(Met) → Tief(druckgebiet) nt; a deep depressionein ausgedehntes Tief(druckgebiet)
(Econ) → Flaute f; (St Ex) → Baisse f; the Depressiondie Weltwirtschaftskrise

depression

[dɪˈprɛʃn] n (gen) (Med, Econ, Met) → depressione f
the economy is in a state of depression → è in atto una crisi economica
the Depression → la Grande depressione

depress

(diˈpres) verb
1. to make sad or gloomy. I am always depressed by wet weather.
2. to make less active. This drug depresses the action of the heart.
deˈpressed adjective
1. sad or unhappy. The news made me very depressed.
2. made less active. the depressed state of the stock market.
deˈpressing adjective
tending to make one sad or gloomy. What a depressing piece of news!
deˈpression (-ʃən) noun
1. a state of sadness and low spirits. She was treated by the doctor for depression.
2. lack of activity in trade. the depression of the 1930s.
3. an area of low pressure in the atmosphere. The bad weather is caused by a depression.
4. a hollow.

depression

حُزْن deprese depression Depression κατάθλιψη depresión masennus dépression depresija depressione 憂鬱 우울 depressie depresjon depresja depressão депрессия depression ความหดหู่ depresyon sự chán nản 抑郁

de·pres·sion

n. depresión.
1. sensación de tristeza o melancolía acompañada de apatía y estados de abatimiento;
2. cavidad.

depression

n depresión f tristeza profunda; postpartum — depresión posparto or postparto
References in classic literature ?
He was depressed by the thought that he was not a part of the life in his own town, but the depression did not cut deeply as he did not think of himself as at fault.
I had escaped from the curious depression that hangs over little towns, and my mind was full of pleasant things; trips I meant to take with the Cuzak boys, in the Bad Lands and up on the Stinking Water.
In profile, you plainly perceive that horizontal, semi-crescentic depression in the forehead's middle, which, in man, is Lavater's mark of genius.
Womb trouble" to Ona did not mean a specialist's diagnosis, and a course of treatment, and perhaps an operation or two; it meant simply headaches and pains in the back, and depression and heartsickness, and neuralgia when she had to go to work in the rain.
Fear and depression vanished from the man's manner, and gratefulness and a brave animation took their place:
He thought he would satisfy himself on that point; so he searched around till he found a small sandy spot with a little funnel-shaped depression in it.
Weston was exceedingly disappointedmuch more disappointed, in fact, than her husband, though her dependence on seeing the young man had been so much more sober: but a sanguine temper, though for ever expecting more good than occurs, does not always pay for its hopes by any proportionate depression.
My habitual mood of humiliation, self-doubt, forlorn depression, fell damp on the embers of my decaying ire.
Catherine had seasons of gloom and silence now and then: they were respected with sympathising silence by her husband, who ascribed them to an alteration in her constitution, produced by her perilous illness; as she was never subject to depression of spirits before.
Magdalen was so changed since Frank's departure that she helped the general depression, instead of relieving it.
Wickfield, left to Agnes, soon became more like his former self; though there was a settled depression upon him, which he never shook off.
At this dismal intelligence, I twisted the only button on my waistcoat round and round, and looked in great depression at the fire.