derivational


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Related to derivational: Derivational morpheme

der·i·va·tion

 (dĕr′ə-vā′shən)
n.
1.
a. The act or process of deriving.
b. The state or fact of being derived; origination: a custom of recent derivation.
c. Something derived; a derivative.
2. The form or source from which something is derived; an origin.
3. Linguistics
a. The historical origin and development of a word; an etymology.
b. The process by which words are formed from existing words or bases by adding affixes, as singer from sing or undo from do, by changing the shape of the word or base, as song from sing, or by adding an affix and changing the pronunciation of the word or base, as electricity from electric.
c. In generative linguistics, the generation of a linguistic structure through an ordered or partially ordered series of operations on other structures, such as the creation of a surface structure from a deep structure, or of a complex word from its morphological components.
d. The formal description of the process of such generation.
4. Logic & Mathematics A logical or mathematical process indicating through a sequence of statements that a result such as a theorem or a formula necessarily follows from the initial assumptions.

der′i·va′tion·al adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.derivational - characterized by inflections indicating a semantic relation between a word and its base; "the morphological relation between `sing' and `singer' and `song' is derivational"
inflectional - characterized by inflections indicating grammatical distinctions; "inflectional morphology is used to indicate number and case and tense and person etc."

derivational

adjective
Stemming from an original source:
References in periodicals archive ?
A teacher may, for example, invite children to explore how the derivational suffixes, /-ian/ and /-ion/, differ in function and in spelling (see Figure 7).
On the other hand, there are languages without derivational prefixes or with their minimum number, for example, languages of the Uralic family.
As is shown in Table 3, ATTs borrowed from SL proper names are solid stems in the sense that they cannot be analysed according to the TL derivational system of root-pattern or the TL inflectional system of gender, number, case and definiteness.
the lack of an ending, for otherwise plural first members such as varsasu-ja- (kind of insect), which actually have singular meaning, should be taken literally as plurals, iii) Jan Houben (Studien zur Indologie und Iranistik 22 [1999] and elsewhere) argued that the most fundamental level in Panini's derivational system is "provisional statement" or preliminary sentences containing substandard words, which are fine-tuned in later levels of derivation, and meaning is not the concrete starting point for a derivation.
Margot van den Berg explores derivational morphology in early Sranantongo, Akan, and Gbe, and Aboh and Smith investigate reduplication in Gbe and the creoles.
A short example to illustrate the relation between a rare Mari word and a neologism: Based on the vernacular words [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'birch' > [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'birch forest', [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'fir' > [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 'fir forest', a derivational suffix -er was abstracted in the 1920s, and an army of words were created with this new suffix, e.
are arrived at); the derivational morphology (those processes whereby new words are formed from existing ones), (Agbedo 2000; Finch 2000).
Derivational processes are the most common way a new word comes into the English language (Yale, 1996).
Derivational Morphology in American Elementary Spanish Textbooks: An Exploratory Study
For this purpose, we will use advanced techniques recently introduced to the individual disciplines, such as the application of phylogenetic methods to linguistic classification, a focus on derivational morphology in the reconstruction of subsistence-related language, a matrix-based comparison of archaeological cultures and a model-based approach applied to genome-wide autosomal data.
Items included a derivational suffix (/able/ in innumerable), a homophone (torque), an assimilated prefix (/nn/ in innumerable), and three root words (/arch/ in monarchy; /psych/ in psychology; and /equi/ in equilibrium).
This makes it nearly impossible to discern, for instance, the existence of inflectional classes or derivational morphemes in the Kedang lexicon.