Desmond notes that "lewdness becomes 'the sacrament of the dispossessed,' an attempt to 'relate' to another through desacralized
flesh as a way to affirm a 'real' self" (85).
At the same time, he argues that myths "recycled" by fantasy can be desacralized
(separated from the sphere of sacred beliefs to which they frequently belong), distorted, and wrongly interpreted.
For Grady, Renaissance dramatists anticipate Marxist critiques of reification, as their "visions of desacralized
space" have actually found "their fullest truth in our time, after three centuries of Enlightenment have produced our own catastrophic disasters which dwarf--but also uncannily mimic--the prescient projections of those gifted dramatists" (1996, 33).
For him, the aftermath of this loss resonates profoundly in today's desacralized
world where there can be no more meta-narratives, only an abject belief in the "myth of material progress.
The second phase, with Nation at its center and the Enlightenment as its cause, transformed the "promise of self-realization" through deliverance from death "into the idea of citizenship in a sacred union," removing the idea of a personal God and substituting "the people" and the idea of a "deified nation" for a kingship that had been delegitimized and desacralized
He begins by examining two sets of the truth, and the truth of each truth, then turns to Auerbach's mimesis, Simone Weil between Homer and Christ, truth from Virgil to the modern era, fiction desacralized
, and finally, the real reason for Don Quixote's madness.
Thus, exactly as Christianity gets intensified and internalized, the "external," "objective," and now "real" world gets thoroughly desacralized
Unfortunately missionaries did not supply new, concrete Christian values of how to respect nature, but merely desacralized
nature in order to reject native religions.
McLuhan, she says classifies Eliade's desacralized
man as literate man even more unequivocally.
Geffre continues to see secularization as a subtraction of enchantment: "Everything becomes 'controllable' in our desacralized
universe and no mystery is left.
Or let us think of a mother or father who in the name of a desacralized
faith, deprived their children of all religious rituals: in reality they would end by giving a free hand to the many substitutes that exist in the consumer society, to other rites and other signs that could more easily become idols.
Like Bakhtin's rebellion against the "official speech" of communism, O'Connor's parody suggests that for a secularized, desacralized
discourse, the carnivalesque response can be renewing.