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(Linguistics) (functioning as singular) the study of the description of the internal phonological, grammatical, and semantic structures of languages at given points in time without reference to their histories or to one another. Also called: synchronic linguistics Compare historical linguistics
the study of the grammar, classification, and arrangement of the features of a language at a given time, without reference to its history or comparison to other languages.
The study of a language at a particular stage in its development without relating it to other stages or other languages.
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|Noun||1.||descriptive linguistics - a description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics without value judgments|
linguistics - the scientific study of language
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
phonemics, phonology - the study of the sound system of a given language and the analysis and classification of its phonemes
morphophonemics - the study of the phonological realization of the allomorphs of the morphemes of a language
derivation - (descriptive linguistics) the process whereby new words are formed from existing words or bases by affixation; "`singer' from `sing' or `undo' from `do' are examples of derivations"
prescriptive linguistics - an account of how a language should be used instead of how it is actually used; a prescription for the `correct' phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics