descriptive linguistics


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descriptive linguistics

n
(Linguistics) (functioning as singular) the study of the description of the internal phonological, grammatical, and semantic structures of languages at given points in time without reference to their histories or to one another. Also called: synchronic linguistics Compare historical linguistics

descrip′tive linguis′tics


n.
the study of the grammar, classification, and arrangement of the features of a language at a given time, without reference to its history or comparison to other languages.
[1925–30]

descriptive linguistics

The study of a language at a particular stage in its development without relating it to other stages or other languages.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.descriptive linguistics - a description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics without value judgments
linguistics - the scientific study of language
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
phonemics, phonology - the study of the sound system of a given language and the analysis and classification of its phonemes
morphophonemics - the study of the phonological realization of the allomorphs of the morphemes of a language
derivation - (descriptive linguistics) the process whereby new words are formed from existing words or bases by affixation; "`singer' from `sing' or `undo' from `do' are examples of derivations"
prescriptive linguistics - an account of how a language should be used instead of how it is actually used; a prescription for the `correct' phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics
Translations
Deskriptive Linguistik
References in periodicals archive ?
He was interested not only in descriptive linguistics and linguistic theory but also in theory-formation in general, scientific argumentation, and other questions of the philosophy of science.
The last article on descriptive linguistics by Modolo and Oliveira (USP - SP) describes from the Perspective of Systemic-Functional Linguistics six texts on the repercussion on the occasion of the award of the Grande Medalha da Inconfidencia to Joao Stedile, the coordinator of the Landless Peasants Movement.
In fact, the complexities of examining colonial sources have for many scholars been an essential part of descriptive linguistics more generally, although this has not previously led to the ossification of Colonial Linguistics as a separate field.
Descriptive linguistics under the structuralist and generative traditions treats distributional generalizations about categories and structures within collected utterances and written sentences.
While prominent Mexican anthropologists initially saw the descriptive linguistics of SIL as a support for state policy, by the 1970s the winds had shifted against indigenismo among younger anthropologists.
Offering a descriptive linguistics analysis, CEO Speak covers knowledgeable and tactful applications of CEO-level oral presentation, including their consequences, subtleties of the language of accounting as expressed through CEO speak, as well as what such speech tells us about corporate attitudes to society, employees, markets, and corporate competitors.

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