desiccation


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des·ic·cate

 (dĕs′ĭ-kāt′)
v. des·ic·cat·ed, des·ic·cat·ing, des·ic·cates
v.tr.
1. To dry out thoroughly.
2. To preserve (foods) by removing the moisture. See Synonyms at dry.
3. To make dry, dull, or lifeless: "Stalinism desiccated the grassroots of urban government" (Timothy J. Colton).
v.intr.
To become dry; dry out.
adj. (also -kĭt)
Lacking spirit or animation; arid: "There was only the sun-bruised and desiccate feeling in his mind" (J.R. Salamanca).

[Latin dēsiccāre, dēsiccāt- : dē-, de- + siccāre, to dry up (from siccus, dry).]

des′ic·ca′tion n.
des′ic·ca′tive adj.
des′ic·ca′tor n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.desiccation - dryness resulting from the removal of water
dryness, waterlessness, xerotes - the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid (especially water)
2.desiccation - the process of extracting moisture
extraction - the process of obtaining something from a mixture or compound by chemical or physical or mechanical means
freeze-drying, lyophilisation, lyophilization - a method of drying food or blood plasma or pharmaceuticals or tissue without destroying their physical structure; material is frozen and then warmed in a vacuum so that the ice sublimes
inspissation - the process of thickening by dehydration
plastination - a process involving fixation and dehydration and forced impregnation and hardening of biological tissues; water and lipids are replaced by curable polymers (silicone or epoxy or polyester) that are subsequently hardened; "the plastination of specimens is valuable for research and teaching"
Translations
건조

desiccation

[ˌdesɪˈkeɪʃən] Ndesecación f

desiccation

[ˌdɛsɪˈkeɪʃən] ndessiccation f

desiccation

nTrocknung f, → Trocknen nt
References in classic literature ?
But as they entered the town a change more ominous and startling than the desiccation of the landscape forced itself upon them.
Measurement of chlorophyll a fluorescence has been used in bryophyte studies mostly for desiccation tolerance analysis (Deltoro et al.
However, these water bodies are much shallower than the original reservoir, so it is possible that spawn and the resulting tadpoles and metamorphs will be more vulnerable to predation and to desiccation in periods of hot, dry weather," the report states.
LABOPORT Filtration Series diaphragm pumps from KNF (Trenton, NJ) can be used in lab applications including flask filtration, vacuum blotting, vacuum manifold, and vacuum desiccation.
Stroboscopic examination revealed significant erythema, mucosal desiccation, and thick laryngeal mucus (figure, A).
A new documentary which premiered Tuesday at a film festival in Spain graphically depicts the dramatic desiccation of the Aral Sea in Central Asia.
Years of intensive cotton agriculture based on irrigated waters from the Kara-Kum Canal have resulted in a gradual desiccation of agricultural lands and have contributed to a precipitous decline in the level of the Aral Sea.
It can also be used in other laboratory applications such as freeze drying and desiccation.
Among the topics are aspects to consider when selecting a method for assessing chemical risk as seen in the case of occupational formaldehyde exposure, factors controlling the release of arsenic from mining tailings, controlling groundwater pollution from petroleum product leaks, a new isolation method of desiccation tolerant microorganisms for bioremediating arid and semiarid soils, adapting bacterial biotests for monitoring mycotoxins, and high-throughput analysis of multiple stress pathways using green fluorescent protein reporters in the nematode Caenothabditis elegans.
Acquisition of Desiccation Tolerance during Seed Development in Phalaenopsis.
They can be harnessed to avoid premature desiccation in cheese, thus lowering the potential for weight loss and preserving the appearance of the product.
Side-blotched lizards (Uta stansburiana), for example, select microhabitats that maximize their sprint speeds during the morning and late afternoon, but chose sub-optimal, shaded habitats during midday to avoid desiccation (Waldschmidt & Tracy 1983).