desolate


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des·o·late

 (dĕs′ə-lĭt, dĕz′-)
adj.
1.
a. Devoid of inhabitants; deserted: "streets which were usually so thronged now grown desolate" (Daniel Defoe).
b. Barren; lifeless: the rocky, desolate surface of the moon.
2. Feeling, showing, causing, or expressing sadness or loneliness. See Synonyms at sad.
tr.v. (-lāt′) des·o·lat·ed, des·o·lat·ing, des·o·lates
1. To rid or deprive of inhabitants.
2. To lay waste; devastate: "Here we have no wars to desolate our fields" (Michel Guillaume Jean de Crèvecoeur).
3. To forsake; abandon.
4. To make lonely, forlorn, or wretched.

[Middle English desolat, from Latin dēsōlātus, past participle of dēsōlāre, to abandon : dē-, de- + sōlus, alone; see s(w)e- in Indo-European roots.]

des′o·late·ly adv.
des′o·late·ness n.
des′o·lat′er, des′o·la′tor n.

desolate

adj
1. uninhabited; deserted
2. made uninhabitable; laid waste; devastated
3. without friends, hope, or encouragement; forlorn, wretched, or abandoned
4. gloomy or dismal; depressing
vb (tr)
5. to deprive of inhabitants; depopulate
6. to make barren or lay waste; devastate
7. to make wretched or forlorn
8. to forsake or abandon
[C14: from Latin dēsōlāre to leave alone, from de- + sōlāre to make lonely, lay waste, from sōlus alone]
ˈdesoˌlater, ˈdesoˌlator n
ˈdesolately adv
ˈdesolateness n

des•o•late

(adj. ˈdɛs ə lɪt; v. -ˌleɪt)

adj., v. -lat•ed, -lat•ing. adj.
1. barren or laid waste; devastated: a treeless, desolate landscape.
2. deprived or destitute of inhabitants; deserted; lonely.
3. feeling loveless, friendless, or hopeless; forlorn.
4. dreary; dismal: desolate prospects.
v.t.
5. to lay waste; devastate.
6. to deprive of inhabitants; depopulate.
7. to make disconsolate; sadden.
8. to forsake or abandon; desert.
[1325–75; < Latin dēsōlātus forsaken, past participle of dēsōlāre=dē- de- + sōlāre to make lonely, derivative of sōlus sole1; see -ate1]
des′o•late•ly, adv.
des′o•late•ness, n.
des′o•lat`er, des′o•la`tor, n.
lonely, lonesome, forlorn, desolate - Lonely adds to solitary a suggestion of longing for companionship, while lonesome heightens the suggestion of sadness; forlorn and desolate are even more isolated and sad.
See also related terms for suggestion.

desolate


Past participle: desolated
Gerund: desolating

Imperative
desolate
desolate
Present
I desolate
you desolate
he/she/it desolates
we desolate
you desolate
they desolate
Preterite
I desolated
you desolated
he/she/it desolated
we desolated
you desolated
they desolated
Present Continuous
I am desolating
you are desolating
he/she/it is desolating
we are desolating
you are desolating
they are desolating
Present Perfect
I have desolated
you have desolated
he/she/it has desolated
we have desolated
you have desolated
they have desolated
Past Continuous
I was desolating
you were desolating
he/she/it was desolating
we were desolating
you were desolating
they were desolating
Past Perfect
I had desolated
you had desolated
he/she/it had desolated
we had desolated
you had desolated
they had desolated
Future
I will desolate
you will desolate
he/she/it will desolate
we will desolate
you will desolate
they will desolate
Future Perfect
I will have desolated
you will have desolated
he/she/it will have desolated
we will have desolated
you will have desolated
they will have desolated
Future Continuous
I will be desolating
you will be desolating
he/she/it will be desolating
we will be desolating
you will be desolating
they will be desolating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been desolating
you have been desolating
he/she/it has been desolating
we have been desolating
you have been desolating
they have been desolating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been desolating
you will have been desolating
he/she/it will have been desolating
we will have been desolating
you will have been desolating
they will have been desolating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been desolating
you had been desolating
he/she/it had been desolating
we had been desolating
you had been desolating
they had been desolating
Conditional
I would desolate
you would desolate
he/she/it would desolate
we would desolate
you would desolate
they would desolate
Past Conditional
I would have desolated
you would have desolated
he/she/it would have desolated
we would have desolated
you would have desolated
they would have desolated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.desolate - leave someone who needs or counts on youdesolate - leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch; "The mother deserted her children"
leave - go and leave behind, either intentionally or by neglect or forgetfulness; "She left a mess when she moved out"; "His good luck finally left him"; "her husband left her after 20 years of marriage"; "she wept thinking she had been left behind"
expose - abandon by leaving out in the open air; "The infant was exposed by the teenage mother"; "After Christmas, many pets get abandoned"
walk out - leave suddenly, often as an expression of disapproval; "She walked out on her husband and children"
ditch - forsake; "ditch a lover"
maroon, strand - leave stranded or isolated with little hope of rescue; "the travellers were marooned"
2.desolate - reduce in population; "The epidemic depopulated the countryside"
shrink, reduce - reduce in size; reduce physically; "Hot water will shrink the sweater"; "Can you shrink this image?"
3.desolate - cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly; "The enemy lay waste to the countryside after the invasion"
ruin, destroy - destroy completely; damage irreparably; "You have ruined my car by pouring sugar in the tank!"; "The tears ruined her make-up"
ruin - reduce to ruins; "The country lay ruined after the war"
Adj.1.desolate - providing no shelter or sustenancedesolate - providing no shelter or sustenance; "bare rocky hills"; "barren lands"; "the bleak treeless regions of the high Andes"; "the desolate surface of the moon"; "a stark landscape"
inhospitable - unfavorable to life or growth; "the barren inhospitable desert"; "inhospitable mountain areas"
2.desolate - crushed by grief; "depressed and desolate of soul"; "a low desolate wail"
disconsolate, inconsolable, unconsolable - sad beyond comforting; incapable of being consoled; "inconsolable when her son died"

desolate

verb
1. deject, depress, distress, discourage, dismay, grieve, daunt, dishearten I was desolated by the news.
deject encourage, cheer, nourish, hearten
2. destroy, ruin, devastate, ravage, lay low, lay waste, despoil, depopulate A great famine desolated the country.

desolate

adjective
3. Having been given up and left alone:
4. Dejected due to the awareness of being alone:
verb
To destroy completely as or as if by conquering:
Idiom: lay waste.
Translations
بائِس، تَعيسمُقْفِر، قاحِل
deprimovanýpustýskleslý
forladtfortvivletødetrøstesløsulykkelig
hüljatudkõle
vigasztalan
eyîileguróhamingjusamur
negyvenamasnuniokojimasvienišumas
neapdzīvotsnelaimīgspamestsvientulīgs

desolate

A. [ˈdesəlɪt] ADJ [place] → desolado, desierto; [outlook, future] → desolador; [person] (= griefstricken) → desolado, afligido; (= friendless) → solitario
B. [ˈdesəleɪt] VT [+ place] → asolar, arrasar; [+ person] → desolar, afligir
we were utterly desolatedquedamos profundamente desolados or afligidos

desolate

[ˈdɛsələt] adj
[place] → désolé(e)
[person] → affligé(e)

desolate

adj
place (= bleak)trostlos; (= devastated)verwüstet; landscapetrostlos, öde; beautyeinsam
(= lonely, sad) persontrostlos; feeling, cryverzweifelt; she looked desolatesie wirkte trostlos; he was desolate without herohne sie fühlte er sich einsam und verlassen
vt (liter) placeverwüsten

desolate

[ˈdɛsəlɪt] adj (place) → desolato/a, deserto/a; (building) → abbandonato/a; (outlook, future) → nero/a; (person, grief-stricken) → affranto/a (dal dolore), desolato/a; (friendless) → abbandonato/a da tutti

desolate

(ˈdesələt) adjective
1. (of landscapes, areas etc) very lonely or barren. desolate moorland.
2. very sad, lonely and unhappy.
desoˈlation noun
References in classic literature ?
In the morning, when I was fighting my way to school against the wind, I couldn't see anything but the road in front of me; but in the late afternoon, when I was coming home, the town looked bleak and desolate to me.
When she heard it there came before her imagination the figure of a man standing beside a desolate rock on the seashore.
The eyes of the listeners involuntarily sought the forms of the Indians, with a compassionate interest in their desolate fortune.
However the flowers might have come there, it was both sad and sweet to observe how Nature adopted to herself this desolate, decaying, gusty, rusty old house of the Pyncheon family; and how the even-returning summer did her best to gladden it with tender beauty, and grew melancholy in the effort.
At times this deep strain of pathos was all that could be heard, and scarcely heard sighing amid a desolate silence.
Something, however, I fear me, must have gone wrong, for he certainly sallied forth, after no very great interval, with an air quite desolate and chapfallen.
Thus, then, the muffled rollings of a milky sea; the bleak rustlings of the festooned frosts of mountains; the desolate shiftings of the windrowed snows of prairies; all these, to Ishmael, are as the shaking of that buffalo robe to the frightened colt
Far inland, nameless wails came from him, as desolate sounds from out ravines.
But after each of these interruptions, the desolate procession would begin again--the procession of dreary little buildings.
It is impossible to conceive of a human creature more wholly desolate and forlorn than Eliza, when she turned her footsteps from Uncle Tom's cabin.
We should go forth on the shortest walk, perchance, in the spirit of undying adventure, never to return-- prepared to send back our embalmed hearts only as relics to our desolate kingdoms.
The desert of ice that stretched far and wide about us was wild and desolate beyond description, and the perils which beset us were so great that at times I was minded to turn back.