desperate


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des·per·ate

 (dĕs′pər-ĭt)
adj.
1. Having lost all hope; despairing.
2. Marked by, arising from, or showing despair: the desperate look of hunger; a desperate cry for help.
3. Reckless or violent because of despair: a desperate criminal.
4. Undertaken out of extreme urgency or as a last resort: a desperate attempt to save the family business.
5. Nearly hopeless; critical: a desperate illness; a desperate situation.
6. Suffering or driven by great need or distress: desperate for recognition.
7. Extremely intense: felt a desperate urge to tell the truth.

[Middle English desperat, from Latin dēspērātus, past participle of dēspērāre, to despair; see despair.]

des′per·ate·ly adv.
des′per·ate·ness n.

desperate

(ˈdɛspərɪt; -prɪt)
adj
1. careless of danger, as from despair; utterly reckless
2. (of an act) reckless; risky
3. used or undertaken in desperation or as a last resort: desperate measures.
4. critical; very grave: in desperate need.
5. (Psychology) (often: postpositive and foll by for) in distress and having a great need or desire
6. (Psychology) moved by or showing despair or hopelessness; despairing
[C15: from Latin dēspērāre to have no hope; see despair]
ˈdesperately adv
ˈdesperateness n

des•per•ate

(ˈdɛs pər ɪt, -prɪt)

adj.
1. reckless or dangerous because of despair or urgency: a desperate killer.
2. having an urgent need, desire, etc.: desperate for attention.
3. very serious or dangerous: a desperate situation.
4. giving all: a desperate attempt.
5. extreme or excessive: desperate haste.
6. undertaken out of despair or as a last resort.
7. having no hope; giving in to despair.
8. extremely bad; shocking.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin dēspērātus, past participle of dēspērāre to despair]
des′per•ate•ly, adv.
des′per•ate•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.desperate - a person who is frightened and in need of helpdesperate - a person who is frightened and in need of help; "they prey on the hopes of the desperate"
unfortunate, unfortunate person - a person who suffers misfortune
goner, toast - a person in desperate straits; someone doomed; "I'm a goner if this plan doesn't work"; "one mistake and you're toast"
Adj.1.desperate - arising from or marked by despair or loss of hope; "a despairing view of the world situation"; "the last despairing plea of the condemned criminal"; "a desperate cry for help"; "helpless and desperate--as if at the end of his tether"; "her desperate screams"
hopeless - without hope because there seems to be no possibility of comfort or success; "in an agony of hopeless grief"; "with a hopeless sigh he sat down"
2.desperate - desperately determined; "do-or-die revolutionaries"; "a do-or-die conflict"
resolute - firm in purpose or belief; characterized by firmness and determination; "stood resolute against the enemy"; "faced with a resolute opposition"; "a resolute and unshakeable faith"
3.desperate - (of persons) dangerously reckless or violent as from urgency or despair; "a desperate criminal"; "taken hostage of desperate men"
dangerous, unsafe - involving or causing danger or risk; liable to hurt or harm; "a dangerous criminal"; "a dangerous bridge"; "unemployment reached dangerous proportions"
4.desperate - showing extreme courage; especially of actions courageously undertaken in desperation as a last resort; "made a last desperate attempt to reach the climber"; "the desperate gallantry of our naval task forces marked the turning point in the Pacific war"- G.C.Marshall; "they took heroic measures to save his life"
brave, courageous - possessing or displaying courage; able to face and deal with danger or fear without flinching; "Familiarity with danger makes a brave man braver but less daring"- Herman Melville; "a frank courageous heart...triumphed over pain"- William Wordsworth; "set a courageous example by leading them safely into and out of enemy-held territory"
5.desperate - showing extreme urgency or intensity especially because of great need or desire; "felt a desperate urge to confess"; "a desperate need for recognition"
imperative - requiring attention or action; "as nuclear weapons proliferate, preventing war becomes imperative"; "requests that grew more and more imperative"
6.desperate - fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless; "a desperate illness"; "on all fronts the Allies were in a desperate situation due to lack of materiel"- G.C.Marshall; "a dire emergency"
critical - being in or verging on a state of crisis or emergency; "a critical shortage of food"; "a critical illness"; "an illness at the critical stage"

desperate

adjective
2. eager, longing, keen, raring, hungry, enthusiastic, yearning, impatient, up for it (informal), keen as mustard She was desperate to start a family.
3. grave, great, pressing, serious, critical, acute, severe, extreme, urgent, dire, drastic, very grave Troops are needed to get food to people in desperate need.
4. last-ditch, dangerous, daring, determined, wild, violent, furious, last-minute, risky, frantic, rash, hazardous, precipitate, last-resort, hasty, audacious, madcap, foolhardy, eleventh-hour, headstrong, impetuous, death-defying a desperate rescue attempt

desperate

adjective
1. Having lost all hope:
2. So serious as to be at the point of crisis or necessary to resolve a crisis:
3. Extreme in degree, strength, or effect:
Translations
فاقِد الأمَل، يائِسماسٌّ، مُسْتَعْجَلمُسْتَميت، مُتَهَوِّريَائِس
zoufalýbeznadějnývšeho schopný
desperatfortvivlethåbløs
epätoivoinen
očajan
öròrifa-öròrifa-, sem svífst einskisörvæntingarfullur
必死の
절망적인
desperacijadesperatiškaiiš neviltieslabai užsispyręsnevilties kupinas
bezcerīgsbriesmīgsizmisīgsneprātīgsšausmīgs
odhodlaný
obupanobupenželjan
desperat
ซึ่งสิ้นหวัง
acilçok kötügözü dönmüşher şeyi göze almışivedi
liều lĩnh

desperate

[ˈdespərɪt] ADJ
1. [person, act, attempt, situation] → desesperado
to feel desperateestar desesperado
to be desperate for sthnecesitar algo urgentemente
I'm desperate (for the lavatory)!me muero de ganas de ir al lavabo
to get or grow desperatedesesperarse
to resort to desperate measuresrecurrir a medidas desesperadas, recurrir a fruto de la de desesperación
you're going out with her? you must be desperate! (hum) → ¿sales con ésa? ¡muy desesperado debes estar!
to be in desperate need of sthnecesitar algo urgentemente
the company's desperate financial positionla crítica posición económica de la empresa
to do something desperatecometer un acto desesperado, cometer una locura, hacer algo a la desesperada
to be desperate to do sth: I was desperate to see herestaba desesperada por verla, quería verla a toda costa, me moría por verla
she was desperate to find a new jobestaba desesperada por encontrar otro trabajo
both countries are desperate to avoid warambos países quieren evitar la guerra a toda costa
2. (= very bad) [book, film, meal] → atroz, pésimo
the play was pretty desperatela obra era atroz or pésima

desperate

[ˈdɛspərət] adj
[person] → désespéré(e)
to be desperate with sth [+ anxiety, worry] → être rongé(e) par qch
to get desperate → commencer à désespérer
I was getting desperate → Je commençais à désespérer.
to be desperate for sth → avoir désespérément besoin de qch
to be desperate to do sth → ne chercher qu'à faire qch
to be desperate for sb to do sth → vouloir à tout prix que qn fasse qch
[fugitive, criminal] → prêt(e) à tout
[situation] → désespéré(e); [attempt, effort] → désespéré(e)
a desperate situation → une situation désespérée
[measures] → désespéré(e), extrême

desperate

adj
verzweifelt; criminalzum Äußersten entschlossen; measure, situationverzweifelt, extrem; solutionextrem; don’t do anything desperate!mach keine Dummheiten!; to get or grow desperateverzweifeln, in Verzweiflung geraten; I haven’t had a cigarette for hours, I’m getting desperate (inf)ich habe schon seit Stunden keine mehr geraucht, jetzt brauche ich aber dringend eine; things are desperatedie Lage ist extrem; the company’s desperate financial positiondie extrem gespannte Finanzlage der Firma; the desperate plight of the refugeesdie schreckliche Not der Flüchtlinge; to be desperate to do somethingetw unbedingt tun wollen; to be desperate for somebody to do somethingunbedingt wollen, dass jd etw tut; to be desperate for somethingetw unbedingt or dringend brauchen
(= urgent) need, shortagedringend; her desperate need to be likedihr verzweifeltes Bedürfnis, gemocht zu werden; to be in desperate need of somethingetw dringend brauchen; a building in desperate need of repairein Gebäude, das dringend repariert werden muss
(inf hum) are you going out with Jane? you must be desperate!du gehst mit Jane aus? dir muss es ja wirklich schlecht gehen!; I’m not that desperate!so schlimm ist es auch wieder nicht!

desperate

[ˈdɛsprɪt] adj (gen) → disperato/a; (criminal) → capace di tutto; (measures) → estremo/a
we are getting desperate → siamo sull'orlo della disperazione
to be desperate to do sth → volere disperatamente fare qc
I'm desperate for money (fam) → ho un disperato bisogno di soldi

desperate

(ˈdespərət) adjective
1. (sometimes used loosely) despairingly reckless or violent. She was desperate to get into university; a desperate criminal.
2. very bad or almost hopeless. We are in a desperate situation.
3. urgent and despairing. He made a desperate appeal for help.
ˈdesperately adverb
ˌdespeˈration noun
In desperation we asked the police for help.

desperate

يَائِس zoufalý desperat verzweifelt απελπισμένος desesperado epätoivoinen désespéré očajan disperato 必死の 절망적인 wanhopig desperat zdesperowany desesperado отчаянный desperat ซึ่งสิ้นหวัง umutsuz liều lĩnh 绝望的

desperate

adj desesperado; to become — desesperarse
References in classic literature ?
Miss Monson, my heart--my faculties--my ideas--" Tom was getting bothered, and he made a desperate effort to extricate himself-- "In short, my JUDGMENT is so confused and monopolized, that I have no powers left to think or speak of plays.
Lecount's statement is to be relied on, Magdalen has carried her mad resolution of recovering her father's fortune to the last and most desperate extremity -- she has married Michael Vanstone's son under a false name.
On desperate seas long wont to roam, Thy hyacinth hair, thy classic face, Thy Naiad airs have brought me home To the glory that was Greece, And the grandeur that was Rome.
AN ASS and a Cock were in a straw-yard together when a Lion, desperate from hunger, approached the spot.
thou desperate Object," cried the Dishonest Gain; "these beautiful private grounds are no place for such work as thine.
The men who stood round much approved this speech, and one of them said, "It is desperate hard, and if a man sometimes does what is wrong it is no wonder, and if he gets a dram too much who's to blow him up?
As Sikes growled forth this imprecation, with the most desperate ferocity that his desperate nature was capable of, he rested the body of the wounded boy across his bended knee; and turned his head, for an instant, to look back at his pursuers.
The horse is hot and distressed, but answers to the desperate spurring; the rider looks as if his eyes were glazed by madness, and he saw nothing but what was unseen by others.
They gazed in delight, while the Butcher exclaimed "He was always a desperate wag
Sam knew exactly what he meant, but he kept on a look of earnest and desperate simplicity.
Today, when you came to see me after office-work was done, I felt afraid even to raise my eyes to yours, for you looked so pale and desperate, and your face had so fallen in.
On an incline over which a road wound he saw wild and desperate rushes of men perpet- ually backward and forward in riotous surges.