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des·pot·ism  (dsp-tzm)
1. Rule by or as if by a despot; absolute power or authority.
2. The actions of a despot; tyranny.
a. A government or political system in which the ruler exercises absolute power: "Kerensky has a place in history, of a brief interlude between despotisms" (William Safire).
b. A state so ruled.

despotism (ˈdɛspəˌtɪzəm)
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the rule of a despot; arbitrary, absolute, or tyrannical government
2. arbitrary or tyrannical authority or behaviour

des•pot•ism (ˈdɛs pəˌtɪz əm)

1. the rule of a despot.
2. absolute power or control; tyranny.
3. an absolute or autocratic government.
4. a country ruled by a despot.
[1720–30; < French despotisme.]

1. a form of government with a ruler having absolute authority; autocracy.
2. a system ruled by a tyrant or dictator having absolute, usually oppressive power. — despot, n.despotic, adj.
See also: Government
Thesaurus Legend:  Synonyms Related Words Antonyms
Noun1.despotism - dominance through threat of punishment and violencedespotism - dominance through threat of punishment and violence
ascendance, ascendancy, ascendence, ascendency, dominance, control - the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; "her apparent dominance of her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her"
2.despotism - a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)despotism - a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
autocracy, autarchy - a political system governed by a single individual
police state - a country that maintains repressive control over the people by means of police (especially secret police)

noun tyranny, dictatorship, oppression, totalitarianism, autocracy, absolutism, autarchy, monocracy a prototypical example of political despotism
despotism [ˈdespətɪzəm] Ndespotismo m
despotism [ˈdɛspətɪzəm] n (= tyranny) → despotisme m
nDespotie f; (as ideology) → Despotismus m
despotism [ˈdɛspətɪzm] ndispotismo

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The despotism of heaven is the one absolutely perfect government.
She knows her power, and she uses it too; but well knowing that to wheedle and coax is safer than to command, she judiciously tempers her despotism with flattery and blandishments enough to make him deem himself a favoured and a happy man.
History will teach us that the former has been found a much more certain road to the introduction of despotism than the latter, and that of those men who have overturned the liberties of republics, the greatest number have begun their career by paying an obsequious court to the people; commencing demagogues, and ending tyrants.
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