destructive distillation


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Related to destructive distillation: Destructive Distillation of Wood
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destructive distillation
In the destructive distillation of powdered coal, heated coal turns to coke, ammonia dissolves in water to form an ammoniacal liquor, and coal gas and coal tar are produced.

destructive distillation

n.
A process by which organic substances such as wood, coal, and oil shale are decomposed by heat in the absence of air and distilled to produce useful products such as coke, charcoal, oils, and gases.

destructive distillation

n
(Chemistry) the decomposition of a complex substance, such as wood or coal, by heating it in the absence of air and collecting the volatile products

destruc′tive distilla′tion


n.
the decomposition of a substance, as wood or coal, by heating with a minimal exposure to air, and the collection of the volatile products formed.
[1825–35]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.destructive distillation - heating a solid substance in a closed container and collecting the volatile products
carbonisation, carbonization - the destructive distillation of coal (as in coke ovens)
fractional process, fractionation - a process that uses heat to separate a substance into its components
References in periodicals archive ?
They believed that, with improvements, the destructive distillation process would produce quality turpentine.
Up to the First World War most of the calcium acetate required to make acetone was produced in Germany where the Black Forest provided ample supplies for the destructive distillation of wood.
Through exploitation, shale oil can be obtained by using the technology of destructive distillation, fractions of gasoline and diesel can be obtained by hydrogenation which can be utilized directly in the shipbuilding industry and the auto industry.