dexamethasone


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to dexamethasone: Dexamethasone suppression test

dex·a·meth·a·sone

 (dĕk′sə-mĕth′ə-sōn′, -zōn′)
n.
A synthetic glucocorticoid, C22H29FO5, used in the treatment of insufficient adrenocortical function, a variety of inflammatory disorders such as arthritis and ulcerative colitis, and certain types of cancer.

[dexa- (blend of deca- hexa-) + meth(yl) + alteration of (predn)is(ol)one.]

dexamethasone

(ˌdɛksəˈmɛθəˌsəʊn)
n
a type of powerful steroid, used as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dexamethasone - a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
anti-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory drug - a medicine intended to reduce inflammation
adrenal cortical steroid, corticoid, corticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response; "adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"
Translations

dexamethasone

n dexametasona
References in periodicals archive ?
Dexamethasone suppressed corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test for diagnosis of mild hypercortisolism.
Prenatal dexamethasone, however, does nothing to prevent or treat the CAH.
We found that dexamethasone increased Ser307 phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and reduced phosphorylation of AMPK and Akt.
Dexamethasone does not suppress cortisol and ACTH levels in critically ill patients to the extent found in controls (5,6).
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- New study showed that Lenalidomide plus low-dose dexamethasone is associated with better short-term overall survival and with lower toxicity than lenalidomide plus high-dose dexamethasone in patients with newly diagnosed myeloma.
We have known that both tadalafil and dexamethasone are good for preventing high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and dex for treating symptoms of acute mountain sickness (AMS)," said lead authors Dr Manuel Fischler, of the University Hospital in Zurich, Switzerland, and Hans-Peter Brunner-La Rocca, of the University Hospital in Basel, Switzerland.
Effects of quercetin (10 mg/mL, inhalation for 2 min) compared with cromolyn sodium, salbutamol, and dexamethasone inhalations, respectively.
We reviewed the charts of 20 patients who had presented with a chief complaint of aural fullness, stuffiness, or pressure and who underwent perfusion of the inner ear for 1 month with dexamethasone 4 or 10mg/ ml.
Preliminary results from a large, randomized clinical trial for patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, a cancer typically found in bone marrow, has shown that the use of a low dose of the steroid dexamethasone (Decadron A[R]), in combination with lenalidomide (Revlimid A[R]) is associated with improved survival when compared to a treatment regimen with lenalidomide and a higher, standard dose of dexamethasone.
MIAMI BEACH -- Prenatal dexamethasone is superior to betamethasone in its reduction of two major neonatal morbidity and mortality outcomes--intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia--according to results of a randomized, double-blind study presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine.
Dexamethasone (Decadron) is a corticosteroid, which reduces brain swelling and also improves lung function.
Practical implications on dosing, tapering, and side effects of dexamethasone are discussed as well.