diacritic


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diacritic

A diacritic (or diacritical mark) is a mark added to a letter, usually to indicate a specific pronunciation of that letter.
Of the various languages using the Latin alphabet, English is one of the few that generally does not use diacritical marks. Those words that do contain them are typically foreign loanwords whose diacritics have been retained in English. The most common of these that appear in English are known as accents (either acute, as in café, or grave, as in vis-à-vis).
There are, however, a few diacritics that are used in native English words.
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diacritic
common diacritics

di·a·crit·ic

 (dī′ə-krĭt′ĭk)
adj.
1. Diacritical.
2. Medicine Diagnostic or distinctive.
n.
A mark, such as the cedilla of façade or the acute accent of résumé, added to a letter to indicate a special phonetic value or distinguish words that are otherwise graphically identical.

[Greek diakritikos, distinguishing, from diakritos, distinguished, from diakrīnein, to distinguish : dia-, apart; see dia- + krīnein, to separate; see krei- in Indo-European roots.]

diacritic

(ˌdaɪəˈkrɪtɪk)
n
(Phonetics & Phonology) Also called: diacritical mark a sign placed above or below a character or letter to indicate that it has a different phonetic value, is stressed, or for some other reason
adj
(Phonetics & Phonology) another word for diacritical
[C17: from Greek diakritikos serving to distinguish, from diakrinein, from dia- + krinein to separate]

di•a•crit•ic

(ˌdaɪ əˈkrɪt ɪk)

n.
1. Also called diacrit′ical mark′. a mark, point, or sign, as a cedilla, tilde, circumflex, or macron, added or attached to a letter, as to distinguish it from another of similar form, to give it a particular phonetic value, or to indicate stress.
adj.
2. diacritical.
3. diagnostic.
[1670–80; < Greek diakritikós separating]

diacritic

- From Greek diakrinein, "distinguish from," it denotes marks or signs that distinguish different values or sounds (pronunciations) of a letter.
See also related terms for signs.

diacritic

A mark attached to a letter to show a modification of sound or stress.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.diacritic - a mark added to a letter to indicate a special pronunciation
mark - a written or printed symbol (as for punctuation); "his answer was just a punctuation mark"
accent mark, accent - a diacritical mark used to indicate stress or placed above a vowel to indicate a special pronunciation
breve - a diacritical mark (U-shaped) placed over a vowel to indicate a short sound
cedilla - a diacritical mark (,) placed below the letter c to indicate that it is pronounced as an s
circumflex - a diacritical mark (^) placed above a vowel in some languages to indicate a special phonetic quality
hacek, wedge - a diacritical mark (an inverted circumflex) placed above certain letters (such as the letter c) to indicate pronunciation
macron - a diacritical mark (-) placed above a vowel to indicate a long sound
tilde - a diacritical mark (~) placed over the letter n in Spanish to indicate a palatal nasal sound or over a vowel in Portuguese to indicate nasalization
diaeresis, dieresis, umlaut - a diacritical mark (two dots) placed over a vowel in German to indicate a change in sound
Adj.1.diacritic - capable of distinguishing; "students having superior diacritic powers"; "the diacritic elements in culture"- S.F.Nadel
discriminating - showing or indicating careful judgment and discernment especially in matters of taste; "the discriminating eye of the connoisseur"
Translations

diacritic

[ˌdaɪəˈkrɪtɪk]
A. ADJdiacrítico
B. Nsigno m diacrítico

diacritic

adjdiakritisch

diacritic

[ˌdaɪəˈkrɪtɪk] nsegno diacritico
References in periodicals archive ?
Enter a letter with an umlaut or tilde or other diacritic mark into an AltaVista search statement, and it will find matches that contain the specified international character.
A special requirements was the need for the network and its terminal equipment to support the American Library Association (ALA) ASCII character set which incorporates diacritic marks and other special symbols used when cataloging library materials.
One could adopt diacritic signs or resort to the International Phonetic Alphabet, when such a choice appears suitable.
Those who know me will agree that I am impartial referring to OTV talk show "Min 7a2ik"; which literally means "It is your Right", with a diacritic on the Arabic term to specifically address the woman.
For instance, diacritic symbols applied to vowels have been approved by the IPA, but are rarely encountered in the literature on lyric diction.
In a few instances, a non-Vietnamese diacritic is introduced in the form of a diaeresis over the letter "i" in words like "moi" ("savage"), which thus becomes "moi.
ANSWERS: 1 The Indian Ocean; 2 Tuna; 3 Diacritic marks; 4 Martin Pipe; 5 St Pancras; 6 The femur; 7 Advocate; 8 Coronation Street; 9 Young Player of the Year; 10 The Serjeant At Arms.
ANSWERS: 1 Derby; 2 Tuna; 3 Waterloo; 4 An advocate; 5 Australian shepherd; 6 Player of the Year; 7 Diacritic marks; 8 Martin Pipe; 9 The femur; 10 The Serjeant At Arms.
The same word with its diacritic for the glottal stop in a poem by Imaikalani Kalahele of Hawai'i, a graduate of McKinley High School (not, as the biographical notice has it un page 85, McKinley University) caused an editorial problem on page 92 in the lines "Returning once more / over the mo'os back," where mo'o should be followed by an apostrophe.
8 or the velar allophone of /x/ for [c] in the transcription of Middle English knyght, the wrong year in the reference to Fisiak's A short grammar of Middle English (1964 instead of 1968), or the lack of diacritic indicating vowel length in the transcription of PDE sweet on p.
The former is an exact representation of the sound, such as [ily] for the French word "du," in which the diacritic mark under the consonant indicates the sound is dental.
It was a belief that a discipline now partially lost to itself might nevertheless command a genuine capacity for self-rescue and that the diacritic of that capacity might be another way of writing.