diacritic


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diacritic

A diacritic (or diacritical mark) is a mark added to a letter, usually to indicate a specific pronunciation of that letter.
Of the various languages using the Latin alphabet, English is one of the few that generally does not use diacritical marks. Those words that do contain them are typically foreign loanwords whose diacritics have been retained in English. The most common of these that appear in English are known as accents (either acute, as in café, or grave, as in vis-à-vis).
There are, however, a few diacritics that are used in native English words.
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diacritic
common diacritics

di·a·crit·ic

 (dī′ə-krĭt′ĭk)
adj.
1. Diacritical.
2. Medicine Diagnostic or distinctive.
n.
A mark, such as the cedilla of façade or the acute accent of résumé, added to a letter to indicate a special phonetic value or distinguish words that are otherwise graphically identical.

[Greek diakritikos, distinguishing, from diakritos, distinguished, from diakrīnein, to distinguish : dia-, apart; see dia- + krīnein, to separate; see krei- in Indo-European roots.]

diacritic

(ˌdaɪəˈkrɪtɪk)
n
(Phonetics & Phonology) Also called: diacritical mark a sign placed above or below a character or letter to indicate that it has a different phonetic value, is stressed, or for some other reason
adj
(Phonetics & Phonology) another word for diacritical
[C17: from Greek diakritikos serving to distinguish, from diakrinein, from dia- + krinein to separate]

di•a•crit•ic

(ˌdaɪ əˈkrɪt ɪk)

n.
1. Also called diacrit′ical mark′. a mark, point, or sign, as a cedilla, tilde, circumflex, or macron, added or attached to a letter, as to distinguish it from another of similar form, to give it a particular phonetic value, or to indicate stress.
adj.
2. diacritical.
3. diagnostic.
[1670–80; < Greek diakritikós separating]

diacritic

- From Greek diakrinein, "distinguish from," it denotes marks or signs that distinguish different values or sounds (pronunciations) of a letter.
See also related terms for signs.

diacritic

A mark attached to a letter to show a modification of sound or stress.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.diacritic - a mark added to a letter to indicate a special pronunciation
mark - a written or printed symbol (as for punctuation); "his answer was just a punctuation mark"
accent mark, accent - a diacritical mark used to indicate stress or placed above a vowel to indicate a special pronunciation
breve - a diacritical mark (U-shaped) placed over a vowel to indicate a short sound
cedilla - a diacritical mark (,) placed below the letter c to indicate that it is pronounced as an s
circumflex - a diacritical mark (^) placed above a vowel in some languages to indicate a special phonetic quality
hacek, wedge - a diacritical mark (an inverted circumflex) placed above certain letters (such as the letter c) to indicate pronunciation
macron - a diacritical mark (-) placed above a vowel to indicate a long sound
tilde - a diacritical mark (~) placed over the letter n in Spanish to indicate a palatal nasal sound or over a vowel in Portuguese to indicate nasalization
diaeresis, dieresis, umlaut - a diacritical mark (two dots) placed over a vowel in German to indicate a change in sound
Adj.1.diacritic - capable of distinguishing; "students having superior diacritic powers"; "the diacritic elements in culture"- S.F.Nadel
discriminating - showing or indicating careful judgment and discernment especially in matters of taste; "the discriminating eye of the connoisseur"
Translations

diacritic

[ˌdaɪəˈkrɪtɪk]
A. ADJdiacrítico
B. Nsigno m diacrítico

diacritic

adjdiakritisch

diacritic

[ˌdaɪəˈkrɪtɪk] nsegno diacritico
References in periodicals archive ?
With its sweeping tails, loops, and punctuated diacritic dots, it's difficult to imagine any other language more suited to the transcription of human body movement into written language.
For example, when they use words like khuda or khatam, they use it without putting the right phonetic or nuqta (a diacritic mark to represent sound) as we say in Urdu.
wales will be bilingual and allow the registration of names with the diacritic marks used in the Welsh language.
The archaic Kufic consisted of about 17 letters, without diacritic dots or accents.
Using classical Arabic books with diacritic marks will be very helpful in developing more accurate speech recognition systems for the Arabic language.
With the full Unicode support the new version allows importing information in any languages, since it can store Roman and Cyrillic characters, hieroglyphs, umlaut symbols, and other diacritic marks in a single database.
However, there is also ample evidence for the diacritic use of <CC> digraphs in Old English MSS.
That mark above the letter 'C' on Nikica Jelavic's jersey is a diacritic - a mark used to aid pronunciation and tell you that Jelavic should be pronounced Jelavitch, not Jelavick.
However, it would be noted that in the second example, Kalabari uses a diacritic sign 'e' where French uses a low accent 'e' to represent the same sound.
While the black and white photographs of numerous refitting sequences are good and the accompanying descriptions ample, the omission of complementary diacritic schemas to some extent hinders the reader's ability to fully appreciate or evaluate the method(s) employed and ascertain whether they can be concretely discerned from other non-Levallois methods.
Note that the apostrophe in English counts as a diacritic and not as a letter, in contrast to a language like Hawai'ian, in which the apostrophe is a letter indicating the presence of a distinct sound, i.
The basic letter of serif fonts has a certain style and contrast that is missing in the diacritic design.