comprise

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com·prise

 (kəm-prīz′)
tr.v. com·prised, com·pris·ing, com·pris·es
1. To be composed of or contain: The staff comprises eight physicians, two dozen nurses, and various administrative people. See Synonyms at include.
2. Usage Problem To compose; make up; constitute: the countries and territories that comprised the British Empire.

[Middle English comprisen, from Old French compris, past participle of comprendre, to include, from Latin comprehendere, comprēndere; see comprehend.]

com·pris′a·ble adj.
Usage Note: The traditional rule states that the whole comprises the parts and the parts compose the whole. In strict usage: The Union comprises 50 states. Fifty states compose (or make up) the Union. Even though many writers maintain this distinction, comprise is often used in place of compose, especially in the passive: The Union is comprised of 50 states. Our surveys show that opposition to this usage has abated but has not disappeared. In the 1960s, 53 percent of the Usage Panel found this usage unacceptable; by 1996, the proportion objecting had declined to 35 percent; and by 2011, it had fallen a bit more, to 32 percent. See Usage Note at include.

comprise

(kəmˈpraɪz)
vb (tr)
1. to include; contain
2. to constitute the whole of; consist of: her singing comprised the entertainment.
[C15: from French compris included, understood, from comprendre to comprehend]
comˈprisable adj
comˈprisal n
Usage: The use of of after comprise should be avoided: the library comprises (not comprises of) 500 000 books and manuscripts

com•prise

(kəmˈpraɪz)

v.t. -prised, -pris•ing.
1. to include or contain: The Soviet Union comprised several republics.
2. to consist of; be composed of: The advisory board comprises six members.
3. to form or constitute: Seminars and lectures comprised the day's activities.
Idioms:
be comprised of, to consist of; be composed of: The sales network is comprised of independent outlets and chain stores.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Middle French compris, past participle of comprendre < Latin comprehēndere; see comprehend]
com•pris′a•ble, adj.
com•pris′al, n.
syn: See include.
usage: comprise has had an interesting history of sense development. In addition to its original senses, dating from the 15th century, “to include” and “to consist of” (The United States of America comprises 50 states), comprise has had since the late 18th century the meaning “to form or constitute” (Fifty states comprise the United States of America). Since the late 19th century it has also been used in passive constructions with a sense synonymous with one of its original meanings, “to consist of, be composed of”: The United States of America is comprised of 50 states. These later uses are often criticized, but they occur with increasing frequency even in formal speech and edited writing.

comprise

1. 'comprise'

You say that something comprises particular things when you are mentioning all its parts.

The village's facilities comprised one public toilet and two telephones.
2. 'be composed of' and 'consist of'

You can also say that something is composed of or consists of particular things. There is no difference in meaning.

The body is composed of many kinds of cells, such as muscle, bone, nerve, and fat.
The committee consists of scientists and engineers.

Be Careful!
Don't use a passive form of consist of. Don't say, for example, 'The committee is consisted of scientists and engineers'.

3. 'constitute'

Constitute works in the opposite way to the verbs just mentioned. If a number of things or people constitute something, they are the parts or members that form it.

Volunteers constitute more than 95% of The Center's work force.
4. 'make up'

Make up can be used in either an active or passive form. In its active form, it has the same meaning as constitute.

Women made up two-fifths of the audience.

In its passive form, it is followed by of and has the same meaning as be composed of.

All substances are made up of molecules.
Nearly half the Congress is made up of lawyers.

Be Careful!
Don't use a progressive form of any of these verbs. Don't say, for example, 'The committee is consisting of scientists and engineers'.

comprise


Past participle: comprised
Gerund: comprising

Imperative
comprise
comprise
Present
I comprise
you comprise
he/she/it comprises
we comprise
you comprise
they comprise
Preterite
I comprised
you comprised
he/she/it comprised
we comprised
you comprised
they comprised
Present Continuous
I am comprising
you are comprising
he/she/it is comprising
we are comprising
you are comprising
they are comprising
Present Perfect
I have comprised
you have comprised
he/she/it has comprised
we have comprised
you have comprised
they have comprised
Past Continuous
I was comprising
you were comprising
he/she/it was comprising
we were comprising
you were comprising
they were comprising
Past Perfect
I had comprised
you had comprised
he/she/it had comprised
we had comprised
you had comprised
they had comprised
Future
I will comprise
you will comprise
he/she/it will comprise
we will comprise
you will comprise
they will comprise
Future Perfect
I will have comprised
you will have comprised
he/she/it will have comprised
we will have comprised
you will have comprised
they will have comprised
Future Continuous
I will be comprising
you will be comprising
he/she/it will be comprising
we will be comprising
you will be comprising
they will be comprising
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been comprising
you have been comprising
he/she/it has been comprising
we have been comprising
you have been comprising
they have been comprising
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been comprising
you will have been comprising
he/she/it will have been comprising
we will have been comprising
you will have been comprising
they will have been comprising
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been comprising
you had been comprising
he/she/it had been comprising
we had been comprising
you had been comprising
they had been comprising
Conditional
I would comprise
you would comprise
he/she/it would comprise
we would comprise
you would comprise
they would comprise
Past Conditional
I would have comprised
you would have comprised
he/she/it would have comprised
we would have comprised
you would have comprised
they would have comprised
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.comprise - be composed of; "The land he conquered comprised several provinces"; "What does this dish consist of?"
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
2.comprise - include or contain; have as a component; "A totally new idea is comprised in this paper"; "The record contains many old songs from the 1930's"
include - have as a part, be made up out of; "The list includes the names of many famous writers"
3.comprise - form or compose; "This money is my only income"; "The stone wall was the backdrop for the performance"; "These constitute my entire belonging"; "The children made up the chorus"; "This sum represents my entire income for a year"; "These few men comprise his entire army"
make - constitute the essence of; "Clothes make the man"
compose - form the substance of; "Greed and ambition composed his personality"
form, constitute, make - to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of the stage setting"; "The branches made a roof"; "This makes a fine introduction"
straddle, range - range or extend over; occupy a certain area; "The plants straddle the entire state"
fall into, fall under - be included in or classified as; "This falls under the rubric 'various'"
pose, present - introduce; "This poses an interesting question"
supplement - serve as a supplement to; "Vitamins supplemented his meager diet"

comprise

verb
1. be composed of, include, contain, consist of, take in, embrace, encompass, comprehend The exhibition comprises 50 oils and watercolours.
2. make up, form, constitute, compose Women comprise 44% of hospital medical staff.
Usage: The use of of after comprise should be avoided: the library comprises (not comprises of) 6500,000 books and manuscripts. Consist, however, should be followed by of when used in this way: Her crew consisted of children from Devon and Cornwall.

comprise

verb
Translations
يَشْمَل، يَتَضَمَّن
obsahovatskládat se z
bestå afindeholde
samanstanda af
susidėti iš
ietvertsastādītveidot
meydana gelmekoluşmak

comprise

[kəmˈpraɪz] VT (= include) → comprender; (= be made up of) → constar de, consistir en

comprise

[kəmˈpraɪz] vt
(= consist of) → comprendre
to be comprised of → comprendre
(= make up) → constituer

comprise

comprise

[kəmˈpraɪz] vt (also be comprised of) (be made up of) → comprendere; (make up) → costituire

comprise

(kəmˈpraiz) verb
to contain or consist of. Her family comprises two sons and a daughter.

The team comprises (not comprises of) five members.
References in classic literature ?
First, it is likely that before the rise of the Ionian epos there existed in Boeotia a purely popular and indigenous poetry of a crude form: it comprised, we may suppose, versified proverbs and precepts relating to life in general, agricultural maxims, weather-lore, and the like.
And to define the matter roughly, we may say that the proper magnitude is comprised within such limits, that the sequence of events, according to the law of probability or necessity, will admit of a change from bad fortune to good, or from good fortune to bad.
He remembered his own residence, royal though it was, and the mean and indifferent style of luxury that prevailed there, which comprised but little more than what was merely useful for the royal wants, without being his own personal property.
The king had expressly declared that, so long as he remained under Fouquet's roof, he did not wish his own different repasts to be served in accordance with the usual etiquette, and that he would, consequently, dine with the rest of society; but by the thoughtful attention of the surintendant, the king's dinner was served up separately, if one may so express it, in the middle of the general table; the dinner, wonderful in every respect, from the dishes of which was composed, comprised everything the king liked and generally preferred to anything else.
In the first part the greatest freedom has been used in reducing the narration into a narrow compass, so that it is by no means a translation but an epitome, in which, whether everything either useful or entertaining be comprised, the compiler is least qualified to determine.
He was ashamed of the poor food which comprised the dinner at which he begged her to join them.
It comprised all that was required of the servant, from eight in the morning, exactly at which hour Phileas Fogg rose, till half-past eleven, when he left the house for the Reform Club--all the details of service, the tea and toast at twenty-three minutes past eight, the shaving-water at thirty-seven minutes past nine, and the toilet at twenty minutes before ten.
Once or twice indeed, since James's engagement had taught her what could be done, she had got so far as to indulge in a secret "perhaps," but in general the felicity of being with him for the present bounded her views: the present was now comprised in another three weeks, and her happiness being certain for that period, the rest of her life was at such a distance as to excite but little interest.
NA-226 now has been converted into NA-218 Mirpurkhas 1 which will be comprised on taluka Mirpurkhas, Shujaabad, Hussain Bux Mari and Taluka Sindhri.
Bench number 1 of apex court would comprise of three judges headed by Chief Justice Saqib Nisar, Justice Tariq Masood and Justice Faisal Arab while bench 2 would be headed by Justice Asif Saeed Khosa and comprised of Justice Dost Mohammad Khan and Justice Mazhar Alam Miankhel.
The number of mortalities among the Omanis comprised 83.
6 per cent of the total expat deaths while the Governorate of Musandam comprised 1 per cent.