dictate

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dic·tate

 (dĭk′tāt′, dĭk-tāt′)
v. dic·tat·ed, dic·tat·ing, dic·tates
v.tr.
1. To say or read aloud to be recorded or written by another: dictate a letter.
2.
a. To prescribe with authority; impose: dictated the rules of the game.
b. To control or command: "Foreign leaders were ... dictated by their own circumstances, bound by the universal imperatives of politics" (Doris Kearns Goodwin).
v.intr.
1. To say or read aloud material to be recorded or written by another: dictated for an hour before leaving for the day.
2. To issue orders or commands.
n. (dĭk′tāt′)
1. A directive; a command.
2.
a. An underlying constraint: "These men make numerous decisions affecting how they organize their lives according to the dictates of time and place" (William Marsiglio).
b. A guiding principle: followed the dictates of my conscience.

[Latin dictāre, dictāt-, frequentative of dīcere, to say; see deik- in Indo-European roots.]

dictate

vb
1. to say (messages, letters, speeches, etc) aloud for mechanical recording or verbatim transcription by another person
2. (tr) to prescribe (commands) authoritatively
3. (intr) to act in a tyrannical manner; seek to impose one's will on others
n
4. an authoritative command
5. a guiding principle or rule: the dictates of reason.
[C17: from Latin dictāre to say repeatedly, order, from dīcere to say]

dic•tate

(v. ˈdɪk teɪt, dɪkˈteɪt; n. ˈdɪk teɪt)

v. -tat•ed, -tat•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to say or read aloud for a person to transcribe or for a machine to record.
2. to prescribe authoritatively; command unconditionally: to dictate peace terms to the enemy.
v.i.
3. to say or read aloud for transcription.
4. to give orders.
n.
5. an authoritative order or command.
6. a guiding principle: the dictates of conscience.
[1585–95; < Latin dictātus, past participle of dictāre to say repeatedly]

dictate


Past participle: dictated
Gerund: dictating

Imperative
dictate
dictate
Present
I dictate
you dictate
he/she/it dictates
we dictate
you dictate
they dictate
Preterite
I dictated
you dictated
he/she/it dictated
we dictated
you dictated
they dictated
Present Continuous
I am dictating
you are dictating
he/she/it is dictating
we are dictating
you are dictating
they are dictating
Present Perfect
I have dictated
you have dictated
he/she/it has dictated
we have dictated
you have dictated
they have dictated
Past Continuous
I was dictating
you were dictating
he/she/it was dictating
we were dictating
you were dictating
they were dictating
Past Perfect
I had dictated
you had dictated
he/she/it had dictated
we had dictated
you had dictated
they had dictated
Future
I will dictate
you will dictate
he/she/it will dictate
we will dictate
you will dictate
they will dictate
Future Perfect
I will have dictated
you will have dictated
he/she/it will have dictated
we will have dictated
you will have dictated
they will have dictated
Future Continuous
I will be dictating
you will be dictating
he/she/it will be dictating
we will be dictating
you will be dictating
they will be dictating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been dictating
you have been dictating
he/she/it has been dictating
we have been dictating
you have been dictating
they have been dictating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been dictating
you will have been dictating
he/she/it will have been dictating
we will have been dictating
you will have been dictating
they will have been dictating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been dictating
you had been dictating
he/she/it had been dictating
we had been dictating
you had been dictating
they had been dictating
Conditional
I would dictate
you would dictate
he/she/it would dictate
we would dictate
you would dictate
they would dictate
Past Conditional
I would have dictated
you would have dictated
he/she/it would have dictated
we would have dictated
you would have dictated
they would have dictated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dictate - an authoritative ruledictate - an authoritative rule    
prescript, rule - prescribed guide for conduct or action
2.dictate - a guiding principle; "the dictates of reason"
principle - a basic truth or law or assumption; "the principles of democracy"
Verb1.dictate - issue commands or orders for
inflict, impose, bring down, visit - impose something unpleasant; "The principal visited his rage on the students"
mandate - make mandatory; "the new director of the school board mandated regular tests"
2.dictate - say out loud for the purpose of recording; "He dictated a report to his secretary"
read - look at, interpret, and say out loud something that is written or printed; "The King will read the proclamation at noon"
3.dictate - rule as a dictator
rule, govern - exercise authority over; as of nations; "Who is governing the country now?"
grind down, tyrannise, tyrannize - rule a country as a tyrant

dictate

verb
1. speak, say, utter, read out, read aloud, say aloud He dictates his novels to his secretary.
2. determine, demand, command, establish, prescribe, pronounce, decree, ordain Circumstances dictated that they played a defensive game.
noun
1. command, order, decree, word, demand, direction, requirement, bidding, mandate, injunction, statute, fiat, ultimatum, ordinance, edict, behest They must abide by the dictates of the new government.
2. principle, law, rule, standard, code, criterion, ethic, canon, maxim, dictum, precept, axiom, moral law We have followed the dictates of our consciences.
dictate to someone order (about), direct, dominate, bully, walk (all) over, bulldoze, pressurize, lay down the law, browbeat, give orders to, lord it over, pronounce to, domineer What gives them the right to dictate to us?

dictate

verb
1. To set forth expressly and authoritatively:
2. To command or issue commands in an arrogant manner:
noun
1. An authoritative indication to be obeyed:
2. A code or set of codes governing action or procedure, for example:
Translations
يَأْمُر، يُمْلي أوامِرَهُيُمْلي شُروطَهيُمْلي عَلى
diktovatpředpisovatpřikazovat
diktere
sanella
diktáltollba mond
gefa fyrirmælimæla fyrir umstíla; lesa fyrir
diktantasdiktatoriaus valdoma valstybėdiktatoriusdiktatūradiktuoti
diktētpavēlēt
diktovať
narekovatiukazovati
buyurmakdikte et mekemretmekileri sürmekyazdırmak

dictate

A. [dɪkˈteɪt] VT
1. (to secretary) [+ letter] → dictar
2. (= order) → mandar; [+ terms, conditions] → imponer
he decided to act as circumstances dictateddecidió actuar según (mandasen) las circunstancias
B. [dɪkˈteɪt] VIdictar
to dictate to one's secretarydictar a su secretaria
C. [ˈdɪkteɪt] Nmandato m dictatesdictados mpl
the dictates of conscience/reasonlos dictados de la conciencia/razón
dictate to VI + PREP [+ person] → dar órdenes a
I won't be dictated toa mi nadie me da órdenes

dictate

[dɪkˈteɪt]
vt
[+ words, letter] → dicter
(= lay down) [+ condition] → dicter, imposer
common sense dictates that ... → le bon sens dicte que ...
(= govern) → dicter
to be dictated by convention → être imposé(e) par les conventions
vi
to dictate to sb [+ person] → imposer sa volonté à qn, régenter qn
to attempt to dictate to sb → vouloir imposer sa volonté à qn
I won't be dictated to
BUT Je n'ai d'ordres à recevoir de personne.
[ˈdɪkteɪt] n (= order) → injonction f
to obey sb's dictates → obéir aux injonctions de qn
the dictates of one's conscience → la voix de sa conscience

dictate

vtdiktieren; reason/common sense dictates that …die Vernunft/der gesunde Menschenverstand sagt uns, dass …
vidiktieren
n usu plDiktat nt; (of reason)Gebote pl

dictate

[vb dɪkˈteɪt; n ˈdɪkteɪt]
1. vt & vi (all senses) → dettare
he decided to act as circumstances dictated → decise di agire come gli dettavano le circostanze
2. dictates npl (of heart, fashion) → dettami mpl
dictate to vi + prep (person) → dare ordini a, dettar legge a
I won't be dictated to → non ricevo ordini

dictate

(dikˈteit) , ((American) ˈdikteit) verb
1. to say or read out (something) for someone else to write down. He always dictates his letters (to his secretary).
2. to state officially or with authority. He dictated the terms of our offer.
3. to give orders to; to command. I certainly won't be dictated to by you (= I won't do as you say).
dicˈtation noun
something read for another to write down. The secretary is taking dictation.
dicˈtator noun
an all-powerful ruler. As soon as he became dictator, he made all political parties illegal and governed the country as he liked.
dicˈtatorship noun
1. the authority of a dictator. His dictatorship is threatened by the terrorists.
2. a state ruled by a dictator. That country is a dictatorship now.

dictate

v. dictar, ordenar.
References in classic literature ?
Accessory, perhaps, to the impulse dictating the thing he was now about to do, were certain prudential motives, whose object might have been to revive the spirits of his crew by a stroke of his subtile skill, in a matter so wondrous as that of the inverted compasses.
He said that men cured in this way, and enabled to discard the grape system, never afterward got over the habit of talking as if they were dictating to a slow amanuensis, because they always made a pause between each two words while they sucked the substance out of an imaginary grape.
And I began, half dreaming, to weary myself with imagining some fit parentage for him; and, repeating my waking meditations, I tracked his existence over again, with grim variations; at last, picturing his death and funeral: of which, all I can remember is, being exceedingly vexed at having the task of dictating an inscription for his monument, and consulting the sexton about it; and, as he had no surname, and we could not tell his age, we were obliged to content ourselves with the single word, 'Heathcliff.
If you remember,'" said Carton, dictating, "`the words that passed between us, long ago, you will readily comprehend this when you see it.
When it was objected that Priests and Women had no sides, they retorted that Nature and Expediency concurred in dictating that the front half of every human being (that is to say, the half containing his eye and mouth) should be distinguishable from his hinder half.
Morison to write a letter to the British consul at Algiers, dictating the exact phraseology of it with a fluency that indicated to his captive that this was not the first time the old rascal had had occasion to negotiate with English relatives for the ransom of a kinsman.
Elizabeth found that nothing was beneath this great lady's attention, which could furnish her with an occasion of dictating to others.
However, let us leave what is really a very sordid side of the subject, and return to the question of popular control in the matter of Art, by which I mean Public Opinion dictating to the artist the form which he is to use, the mode in which he is to use it, and the materials with which he is to work.
He had acquired much of his knowledge from studying the great book of human nature as it lay open in the world; and, knowing how dangerous it was to contend with ignorance, uniformly endeavored to avoid dictating where his better reason taught him it was the most prudent to attempt to lead, His orthodoxy had no dependence on his cassock; he could pray with fervor and with faith, if circumstances required it, without the assistance of his clerk; and he had even been known to preach a most evangelical sermon, in the winning manner of native eloquence, without the aid of a cambric handkerchief.
She had a letter from him herself, a few hurried happy lines, written as the ship came up Channel, and sent into Portsmouth with the first boat that left the Antwerp at anchor in Spithead; and when Crawford walked up with the newspaper in his hand, which he had hoped would bring the first tidings, he found her trembling with joy over this letter, and listening with a glowing, grateful countenance to the kind invitation which her uncle was most collectedly dictating in reply.
I am still so weak that I have to write, as you see, by dictating.
In such happy, healthful activities did Mr Nutt disport himself, until the ensuing Saturday found him at the same desk, dictating to the same typist, and using the same blue pencil on the first instalment of Mr Finn's revelations.