dictionary


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dic·tion·ar·y

 (dĭk′shə-nĕr′ē)
n. pl. dic·tion·ar·ies
1. A reference work containing an alphabetical list of words, with information given for each word, usually including meaning, pronunciation, and etymology.
2. A reference work containing an alphabetical list of words in one language with their translations in another language.
3. A reference work containing an alphabetical list of words in a particular category or subject with specialized information about them: a medical dictionary.
4. A list of words stored in machine-readable form for reference, as by spelling-checking software.

[Medieval Latin dictiōnārium, from Latin dictiō, dictiōn-, diction; see diction.]

dictionary

(ˈdɪkʃənərɪ; -ʃənrɪ)
n, pl -aries
1. (Library Science & Bibliography)
a. a reference resource, in printed or electronic form, that consists of an alphabetical list of words with their meanings and parts of speech, and often a guide to accepted pronunciation and syllabification, irregular inflections of words, derived words of different parts of speech, and etymologies
b. a similar reference work giving equivalent words in two or more languages. Such dictionaries often consist of two or more parts, in each of which the alphabetical list is given in a different language: a German-English dictionary.
c. (as modifier): a dictionary definition. See also glossary, lexicon, thesaurus
2. (Library Science & Bibliography) a reference publication listing words or terms of a particular subject or activity, giving information about their meanings and other attributes: a dictionary of gardening.
3. (Library Science & Bibliography) a collection of information or examples with the entries alphabetically arranged: a dictionary of quotations.
[C16: from Medieval Latin dictiōnārium collection of words, from Late Latin dictiō word; see diction]

dic•tion•ar•y

(ˈdɪk ʃəˌnɛr i)

n., pl. -ar•ies.
1. a book containing a selection of the words of a language, usu. arranged alphabetically, with information about their meanings, pronunciations, etymologies, inflected forms, etc., expressed in either the same or another language.
2. a book giving information on particular subjects or on a particular class of words, names, or facts, usu. arranged alphabetically: a biographical dictionary.
3. a list of words used by a word-processing program to check spellings in text.
[1520–30; < Medieval Latin dictiōnārium,dictiōnārius < Late Latin dictiōn- word (see diction)]

dictionary

- Based on Latin dictio(n-), "mode of expression" or "word," then dictionarius, "a repertory of words or phrases."
See also related terms for mode.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dictionary - a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about themdictionary - a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them
dictionary entry, lexical entry - the entry in a dictionary of information about a word
wordbook - a reference book containing words (usually with their meanings)
bilingual dictionary - a dictionary giving equivalent words in two languages
collegiate dictionary, desk dictionary - an abridged dictionary of a size convenient to hold in the hand
etymological dictionary - a dictionary giving the historical origins of each word
gazetteer - a geographical dictionary (as at the back of an atlas)
learner's dictionary, school dictionary - a dictionary specially written for those learning a foreign language
little dictionary, pocket dictionary - a dictionary that is small enough to carry in your pocket
spell-checker, spelling checker - an electronic dictionary in a word processor that can be used to catch misspelled words
unabridged, unabridged dictionary - a dictionary that has not been shortened by the omitting terms or definitions; a comprehensive dictionary

dictionary

noun wordbook, vocabulary, glossary, encyclopedia, lexicon, concordance, word list, vocabulary list If you don't know what it means, look it up in the dictionary.
Quotations
"Dictionaries are like watches; the worst is better than none, and the best cannot be expected to go quite true" [Dr. Johnson]
"When I feel inclined to read poetry I take down my Dictionary. The poetry of words is quite as beautiful as that of sentences. The author may arrange the gems effectively, but their shape and lustre have been given by the attrition of the ages" [Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. The Autocrat's Autobiography]
"dictionary: a malevolent literary device for cramping the growth of a language and making it hard and inelastic. This dictionary, however, is a most useful work" [Ambrose Bierce The Devil's Dictionary]
Translations

dictionary

[ˈdɪkʃənrɪ] Ndiccionario m

dictionary

[ˈdɪkʃənəri] ndictionnaire m
a dictionary of business English → un dictionnaire d'anglais commercial
dictionary definition ndefinition f donnee par le dictionnaire

dictionary

nWorterbuch nt

dictionary

[ˈdɪkʃnrɪ] nvocabolario, dizionario

dictionary

(ˈdikʃənəri) plural ˈdictionaries noun
1. a book containing the words of a language alphabetically arranged, with their meanings etc. This is an English dictionary.
2. a book containing other information alphabetically arranged. a dictionary of place-names.

dictionary

قَامُوس slovník ordbog Wörterbuch λεξικό diccionario sanakirja dictionnaire rječnik dizionario 辞書 사전 woordenboek ordbok słownik dicionário словарь ordbok พจนานุกรม sözlük từ điển 词典
References in classic literature ?
The earliest mentionable English dictionary had appeared as far back as 1604,
One knew the whole Latin dictionary and also three years' issue of the daily paper of the town off by heart, so that he could repeat it all backwards or forwards as you pleased.
has given me a dictionary to look up all the hard words in.