On one hand (bars 4-7) the tonic leads to a chord on the 6th degree (A), then a true novelty is introduced, the F sharp: this D major diminished seventh chord
plays the function of a dominant seventh chord for G--and in fact the perfect triad on G follows (bar 7).
72 instead of a tonic chord, which progresses to a secondary seven diminished seventh chord
The half diminished seventh chord
in the key of D in m.
In music, composers absorb a number of cliches: tragedy can be evoked by using predominantly minor chords played with rich sonorities in the bass register, suspense can be evoked using a diminished seventh chord
with rapid tremolo, and surprise can be evoked by introducing a loud chromatic chord on a weak beat.
F: It is perfectly true that the work has the ambivalence that you have in the diminished seventh chord
, and, therefore, when you're thinking of its tonality, it really could be almost any tonality within that hexachordal situation.
The third beat of measure 11 returns to the B minor triad, only to progress to a chord in measure 12 (A [flat] D F E) that can be heard (if we again substitute G[sharp] for A [flat]) as a submediant seventh with diminished seventh and added sixth, a close relative of the common-tone diminished seventh chord
2) At the same time; the opera employs at least one virtually leitmotivic element in the F[sharp] diminished seventh chord
associated with Samiel.
The use of the diminished seventh chord
as a shock tactic was killed off by nineteenth century piano music, but this does not mean that a contemporary piece without such chords is better than Beethoven.
For example, a D diminished seventh chord
and an F# diminished seventh chord
belong to the prime form .
While the revised version culminates in the familiar trill on the dominant in both hands, the original version concludes with an agogic accent on a diminished seventh chord
, which then arpeggiales downward to return to the tonic.
It is actually the analogue, in the twenty-tone system, of the diminished seventh chord
in N = 12.
A useful appendix explains diminished seventh chords
and arpeggios and the chromatic scale, as well as providing a Chord Reference Guide and Glossary of Music Terms.