diphenylhydantoin


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Related to diphenylhydantoin: diphenhydramine, phenytoin

di·phen·yl·hy·dan·to·in

 (dī-fĕn′əl-hī-dăn′tō-ĭn, -fē′nəl-)
n.

[diphenyl + hydantoin, one of its constituents (hyd(rogen) + (all)anto(is) + -in).]

phen•y•to•in

(ˌfɛn ɪˈtoʊ ɪn, fəˈnɪt oʊ-)

n.
a barbiturate-related substance, C15H12N2O2, used as an anticonvulsant in the treatment of epilepsy.
[1940–45; shortening of diphenylhydantoin= di-1 + phenyl + hydantoin a crystalline derivative of imidazole]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.diphenylhydantoin - an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative
hydantoin - any of a group of anticonvulsant drugs used in treating epilepsy
References in periodicals archive ?
Acceleration of gingival wound healing in non-epileptic patients receiving diphenylhydantoin sodium (Dilantin, Epanutin).
The available data indicates that blockage of voltage-dependent Na+ channels as the mechanism underlying the anticonvulsant activity of topiramate is also the mechanism of some of the conventional antiepileptic drugs such as diphenylhydantoin, carbamazepine and valproate.
Pulmonary capillaritis has been reported as a manifestation of Wegener granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Goodpasture syndrome, idiopathic pulmonary renal syndrome, Behcet syndrome, Henoch-Schonlein purpura, immunoglobulin A nephropathy, antiphospholipid syndrome, progressive systemic sclerosis, and diphenylhydantoin use.
For all patients, we recorded the following information: detailed symptoms and signs, dietary history, duration and severity of illness, associated illnesses, sun exposure of (less than)60 minutes per week, renal disease, gastrointestinal tract disease, and use of anticonvulsants such as diphenylhydantoin sodium.
Monoclonal gammopathy and subsequent multiple myeloma in a patient on chronic diphenylhydantoin therapy.
The advent of phenobarbital in 1921 and diphenylhydantoin (dilantin, phenytoin) in 1938, has brought some relief to the 50 million sufferers worldwide but for over 30% of these, uncontrolled seizures continue even with the best available drugs.
propylthiouracil, diphenylhydantoin, amiodarone, methotrexate, , nitrofurantoin, bleomycin, montelukast, infliximab
Carbamazepine-induced acceleration of diphenylhydantoin and warfarin metabolism in man.