Too often in business, the overarching focus is on the confirming evidence, at the expense of reconciling the impact of disconfirming
Instead, when confronted with disconfirming
evidence, it finds ways to fit the new information to the old model, resisting the hard, scary work of a radical adjustment.
It's not just that it puts disconfirming
information right there on the page, where it can't be missed.
First, we found that goal-incongruent events elicited both stronger feelings of regret and stronger feelings of disappointment when they were caused by oneself than when they were caused by circumstances (confirming H2a, disconfirming
The researchers also used disconfirming
evidence as a verification strategy (Creswell & Miller, 2009), examining the data for exceptions to the emerging themes.
The first step in overcoming this bias is to actively seek out disconfirming
information and spark disagreement within our organizations.
Common mistakes that occur during the hypothesizing phase include not considering alternative explanations, discounting the disconfirming
data, or not including the correct hypothesis in the initial list (Carpenito).
Jeanette era at J&A represent important disconfirming
evidence that must be considered.
In a number of regional case studies, selected for agro-ecological (and possibly also socio-economic) diversity, investigate the overall causal framework of case-specific individual research-based innovations, using active searching for disconfirming
evidence as a validation criterion
Diffusion, support, approach, and external barriers as distinct theoretical dimensions of the Career Decision Scale: Disconfirming
Interpretations were shared to identify common themes and disconfirming
13 (searching for disconfirming
evidence) Triangulation of theory/ 0 47 0 0.