In actuality, the best leaders--and highly effective people in all walks of life--are not just open to changing their mind, but actively seek out information that disconfirms
their existing views of world.
Given his broad conception of the opportunity structure, claims of an unpermissive environment could deflect any evidence that disconfirms
This is because once a potential explanation has been identified, it is common to seek evidence that supports the explanation and ignore evidence that disconfirms
The repeated exposure to the perceived threat disconfirms
individuals' expectations of experiencing harm and, over time, leads to a reduction in their fear.
Professor Paul Garner, a senior author says: 'Nobody likes evidence that disconfirms
The impetus to explore new perspectives and attitudes and to learn new behaviors always begins with this type of confrontation with information that disconfirms
assumptions, expectations, or self-appraisal (Lewin, 1951; Schein, 1995).
The preponderance of scientific data in the literature disconfirms
investigators first establish the preliminary themes or categories in a study and then search through the data for evidence that is inconsistent with or disconfirms
Note that our desire for religious understanding neither confirms nor disconfirms
the existence of a god.
The book should be a valuable resource for many in the intended audience, especially those who are somewhat unfamiliar with various compensation innovations (their characteristics and suggested appropriate settings for their use are carefully described) and, more broadly, for those with little understanding or knowledge of the research base that supports or disconfirms
many of the common assumptions made about pay.
Similarly, research suggests that humans will naturally tend to either forget or mentally ignore information that disconfirms
As a result, it is incumbent on the counselor to (a) collaborate with the client to discover the nature and content of the client's feedforward beliefs and (b) initiate counseling strategies that provide the client with the opportunity to process new, self-relevant information (feedback) that challenges or disconfirms
ineffectual working models and necessitates a reworking of these models toward greater viability, flexibility, and adaptiveness.