discourage


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dis·cour·age

 (dĭ-skûr′ĭj, -skŭr′-)
tr.v. dis·cour·aged, dis·cour·ag·ing, dis·cour·ag·es
1. To deprive of confidence, hope, or spirit: Making so little progress after so much effort discouraged us.
2. To dissuade or deter (someone) from doing something: My adviser discouraged me from applying to big universities.
3. To try to prevent by expressing disapproval or raising objections: The agency discouraged all travel to the areas hardest hit by the disease.

[Middle English discoragen, from Old French descoragier : des-, dis- + corage, courage; see courage.]

dis·cour′age·a·ble adj.
dis·cour′ag·er n.
dis·cour′ag·ing·ly adv.
Synonyms: discourage, dishearten, dismay, dispirit
These verbs mean to make less hopeful or enthusiastic: researchers who were discouraged by the problem's magnitude; apathy that disheartened the instructor; did not let the technical difficulties dismay them; a failure that dispirited the team.
Antonym: encourage

discourage

(dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ)
vb (tr)
1. to deprive of the will to persist in something
2. to inhibit; prevent: this solution discourages rust.
3. to oppose by expressing disapproval
disˈcouragement n
disˈcourager n
disˈcouragingly adv

dis•cour•age

(dɪˈskɜr ɪdʒ, -ˈskʌr-)

v. -aged, -ag•ing. v.t.
1. to deprive of courage, hope, or confidence; dispirit.
2. to dissuade (usu. fol. by from).
3. to obstruct by opposition or difficulty; hinder.
4. to express disapproval of; frown upon.
v.i.
5. to become discouraged.
[1400–50; late Middle English discoragen < Middle French descorager, Old French descoragier]
dis•cour′ag•er, n.
dis•cour′age•a•ble, adj.
dis•cour′ag•ing•ly, adv.
syn: discourage, dismay, intimidate mean to dishearten or frighten a person so as to prevent some action. To discourage is to dishearten by expressing disapproval or by suggesting that a contemplated action will probably fail: He was discouraged from going into business. To dismay is to dishearten, shock, or bewilder by sudden difficulties or danger: a prosecutor dismayed by disclosures of new evidence. To intimidate is to deter by making timid: The prospect of making a speech intimidates me.

discourage

To discourage someone from doing something means to make them less willing to do it.

She wants to discourage him from marrying the girl.
The rain discouraged us from going out.

discourage


Past participle: discouraged
Gerund: discouraging

Imperative
discourage
discourage
Present
I discourage
you discourage
he/she/it discourages
we discourage
you discourage
they discourage
Preterite
I discouraged
you discouraged
he/she/it discouraged
we discouraged
you discouraged
they discouraged
Present Continuous
I am discouraging
you are discouraging
he/she/it is discouraging
we are discouraging
you are discouraging
they are discouraging
Present Perfect
I have discouraged
you have discouraged
he/she/it has discouraged
we have discouraged
you have discouraged
they have discouraged
Past Continuous
I was discouraging
you were discouraging
he/she/it was discouraging
we were discouraging
you were discouraging
they were discouraging
Past Perfect
I had discouraged
you had discouraged
he/she/it had discouraged
we had discouraged
you had discouraged
they had discouraged
Future
I will discourage
you will discourage
he/she/it will discourage
we will discourage
you will discourage
they will discourage
Future Perfect
I will have discouraged
you will have discouraged
he/she/it will have discouraged
we will have discouraged
you will have discouraged
they will have discouraged
Future Continuous
I will be discouraging
you will be discouraging
he/she/it will be discouraging
we will be discouraging
you will be discouraging
they will be discouraging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been discouraging
you have been discouraging
he/she/it has been discouraging
we have been discouraging
you have been discouraging
they have been discouraging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been discouraging
you will have been discouraging
he/she/it will have been discouraging
we will have been discouraging
you will have been discouraging
they will have been discouraging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been discouraging
you had been discouraging
he/she/it had been discouraging
we had been discouraging
you had been discouraging
they had been discouraging
Conditional
I would discourage
you would discourage
he/she/it would discourage
we would discourage
you would discourage
they would discourage
Past Conditional
I would have discouraged
you would have discouraged
he/she/it would have discouraged
we would have discouraged
you would have discouraged
they would have discouraged
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.discourage - try to prevent; show opposition to; "We should discourage this practice among our youth"
disapprove, reject - deem wrong or inappropriate; "I disapprove of her child rearing methods"
2.discourage - deprive of courage or hope; take away hope from; cause to feel discouraged
cast down, deject, depress, dismay, dispirit, demoralise, demoralize, get down - lower someone's spirits; make downhearted; "These news depressed her"; "The bad state of her child's health demoralizes her"
dishearten, put off - take away the enthusiasm of
intimidate, restrain - to compel or deter by or as if by threats
pour cold water on, throw cold water on - be discouraging or negative about
encourage - inspire with confidence; give hope or courage to
3.discourage - admonish or counsel in terms of someone's behaviordiscourage - admonish or counsel in terms of someone's behavior; "I warned him not to go too far"; "I warn you against false assumptions"; "She warned him to be quiet"
warn - notify of danger, potential harm, or risk; "The director warned him that he might be fired"; "The doctor warned me about the dangers of smoking"
advise, counsel, rede - give advice to; "The teacher counsels troubled students"; "The lawyer counselled me when I was accused of tax fraud"

discourage

verb
1. dishearten, daunt, deter, crush, put off, depress, cow, dash, intimidate, dismay, unnerve, unman, overawe, demoralize, cast down, put a damper on, psych out (informal), dispirit, deject Don't let this setback discourage you.
dishearten encourage, inspire, hearten, embolden, gee up
2. put off, deter, prevent, dissuade, talk out of, discountenance a campaign to discourage children from smoking
put off encourage, bid, urge, countenance
3. prevent, check, curb, deter, inhibit, hinder We hope that these measures will discourage further unrest.

discourage

verb
1. To make less hopeful or enthusiastic:
2. To persuade (a person) not to do something:
Idiom: talk out of.
Translations
يُثَبِّطُيُثَبِّطُ العَزيمَهيُثْني عَنيُحاوِلُ مَنْع
odraditodrazovat odzbavit odvahybránitchtít zabránit
afholde fratage modet fra
lannistaanujertaa
obeshrabriti
elijesztelkedvetlenítelveszi a kedvét
draga kjark úrdraga kjark útletja; fá e-n ofan af e-u
・・・の勇気をくじく
용기를 잃게 하다
atimti drąsą ką nors darytiatimti norą ką nors darytiatimti pasitikėjimą savimidrąsos atėmimasnoro atėmimas
atņemt drosmiatrunātlaupīt drosmi/cerību
odvrnitioplašitivzeti pogum
avråda
ทำให้หมดกำลังใจ
cesaretini kırmakengel olmakönlemekvazgeçirmek
làm nản lòng

discourage

[dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ] VT
1. (= dishearten) → desanimar, desalentar
to get or become discourageddesanimarse, desalentarse
2. (= deter) [+ offer, advances] → rechazar; [+ tendency, relationship] → oponerse a
smoking is discouragedse recomienda no fumar
3. (= dissuade) to discourage sb from doing sthdisuadir a algn de hacer algo
I don't want to discourage you, butno pretendo disuadirte or desanimarte, pero ...

discourage

[dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ] vt
(= dishearten) [+ person] → décourager
(= dissuade, deter) [+ person] → dissuader, décourager; [+ activity] → décourager, dissuader
to discourage sb from doing sth → dissuader qn de faire qch

discourage

vt
(= dishearten)entmutigen; to become discouraged (by)entmutigt werden (von); (= generally disheartened)mutlos werden (durch)
(= dissuade) to discourage somebody from doing somethingjdm abraten, etw zu tun; (successfully) → jdn davon abbringen, etw zu tun
(= deter, hinder)abhalten; friendship, advances, plan, speculation, investmentzu verhindern suchen; praise, evilabwehren; pridenicht ermutigen; smokingunterbinden; the weather discouraged people from going awaydas Wetter hielt die Leute davon ab wegzufahren

discourage

[dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ] vt
a. (dishearten) → scoraggiare
I don't want to discourage you, but ... → non vorrei scoraggiarti, ma...
b. (dissuade, deter) → tentare di dissuadere
to discourage sb from doing sth → tentare di dissuadere qn dal fare qc

discourage

(disˈkaridʒ) , ((American) -ˈkə:-) verb
1. to take away the confidence, hope etc of. His lack of success discouraged him.
2. to try to prevent (by showing disapproval etc). She discouraged all his attempts to get to know her.
3. (with from) to persuade against. The rain discouraged him from going camping.
disˈcouragement noun

discourage

يُثَبِّطُ odradit tage modet fra entmutigen αποθαρρύνω desalentar lannistaa décourager obeshrabriti scoraggiare ・・・の勇気をくじく 용기를 잃게 하다 ontmoedigen gjøre motløs zniechęcić desencorajar приводить в уныние avråda ทำให้หมดกำลังใจ cesaretini kırmak làm nản lòng 劝阻

discourage

v. desanimar, desalentar;
to ___ fromdisuadir.
References in classic literature ?
This rantipole hero had for some time singled out the blooming Katrina for the object of his uncouth gallantries, and though his amorous toyings were something like the gentle caresses and endearments ofa bear, yet it was whispered that she did not altogether discourage his hopes.
The fact that a band of 6,000 Indians are now murdering our frontiersmen at their impudent leisure, and that we are only able to send 1,200 soldiers against them, is utilized here to discourage emigration to America.
The table-cloths, and pillow-cases, and articles of that kind, are what discourage me most, Copperfield.
He hoped that with intelligent assistance I should meet with little to discourage me, and should soon be able to dispense with any aid but his.
But she privately resolved to discourage the attentions of Erskine, suspecting that instead of being in love with her as he pretended, he had merely been recommended by Jane to marry her.
It was not with them as with other men, whom small things could discourage, or small discontents cause to wish themselves again at home.
There are persons who imagine that they can never be carried to too great a length; since the higher they are, the more it is alleged they will tend to discourage an extravagant consumption, to produce a favorable balance of trade, and to promote domestic manufactures.
Wisely, therefore, do they consider union and a good national government as necessary to put and keep them in SUCH A SITUATION as, instead of INVITING war, will tend to repress and discourage it.
Moore," she said, "that you do everything in your power to discourage this tendency in Jack, he--"; but she got no further.
No doubt, ran the report, the situation was of the strangest and gravest description, but the public was exhorted to avoid and discourage panic.
The first fear of the King of England, Charles I, on learning of the death of the duke, was that such terrible news might discourage the Rochellais; he tried, says Richelieu in his Memoirs, to conceal it from them as long as possible, closing all the ports of his kingdom, and carefully keeping watch that no vessel should sail until the army which Buckingham was getting together had gone, taking upon himself, in default of Buckingham, to superintend the departure.
A prince, therefore, ought always to take counsel, but only when he wishes and not when others wish; he ought rather to discourage every one from offering advice unless he asks it; but, however, he ought to be a constant inquirer, and afterwards a patient listener concerning the things of which he inquired; also, on learning that nay one, on any consideration, has not told him the truth, he should let his anger be felt.