disease


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Related to disease: heart disease, communicable disease

dis·ease

 (dĭ-zēz′)
n.
1. An abnormal condition of a part, organ, or system of an organism resulting from various causes, such as infection, inflammation, environmental factors, or genetic defect, and characterized by an identifiable group of signs, symptoms, or both.
2. A condition or tendency, as of society, regarded as abnormal and harmful.
3. Obsolete Lack of ease; trouble.

[Middle English disese, from Old French : des-, dis- + aise, ease; see ease.]

disease

(dɪˈziːz)
n
1. (Pathology) any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general
2. (Plant Pathology) a corresponding condition in plants
3. any situation or condition likened to this: the disease of materialism.
[C14: from Old French desaise; see dis-1, ease]

dis•ease

(dɪˈziz)

n.
1. a disordered or abnormal condition of an organ or other part of an organism resulting from the effect of genetic or developmental errors, infection, nutritional deficiency, toxicity, or unfavorable environmental factors; illness; sickness.
2. any harmful condition, as of society.
[1300–50; Middle English disese < Anglo-French dese(a)se, disaise]
dis•eased′, adj.
dis•eas′ed•ly, adv.
dis•eas′ed•ness, n.

illness

disease
1. 'illness'

If you have an illness, there is something wrong with your health. An illness can last for a long time or a short time, and its effects can be serious or not serious.

The doctor thought that Bae's illness was caused by stress.

You can use the adjectives long and short in front of illness, but not in front of disease.

He died last month after a long illness.
2. 'disease'

A disease is a particular kind of illness caused by bacteria or an infection. Diseases can often be passed from one person to another.

Glaucoma is an eye disease.
Children should be immunised against dangerous diseases.

Animals and plants can also have diseases, but not illnesses.

Scrapie is a disease that affects sheep.
The trees were killed by Dutch Elm disease.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioningdisease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
illness, sickness, unwellness, malady - impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
disease of the neuromuscular junction - a disease characterized by impairment of neuromuscular junctions
aspergillosis - disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ears and respiratory organs
anthrax - a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia
blackwater - any of several human or animal diseases characterized by dark urine resulting from rapid breakdown of red blood cells
cat scratch disease - a disease thought to be transmitted to humans by a scratch from a cat
complication - any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease; "bed sores are a common complication in cases of paralysis"
crud - an ill-defined bodily ailment; "he said he had the crud and needed a doctor"
endemic, endemic disease - a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
enteropathy - a disease of the intestinal tract
incompetence - inability of a part or organ to function properly
Kawasaki disease, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome - an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause
pycnosis, pyknosis - a degenerative state of the cell nucleus
boutonneuse fever, Indian tick fever, Kenya fever, Marseilles fever - a disease (common in India and around the Mediterranean area) caused by a rickettsia that is transmitted to humans by a reddish brown tick (ixodid) that lives on dogs and other mammals
Meniere's disease - a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss (usually unilateral)
milk sickness - caused by consuming milk from cattle suffering from trembles
mimesis - any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease
industrial disease, occupational disease - disease or disability resulting from conditions of employment (usually from long exposure to a noxious substance or from continuous repetition of certain acts)
onychosis - any disease or disorder of the nails
rheumatism - any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues
periarteritis nodosa, polyarteritis nodosa - a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries; nodules may block the artery and result in inadequate circulation to the particular area
periodontal disease, periodontitis - a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
liver disease - a disease affecting the liver
communicable disease - a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
exanthema subitum, pseudorubella, roseola infantilis, roseola infantum - a viral disease of infants and young children; characterized by abrupt high fever and mild sore throat; a few days later there is a faint pinkish rash that lasts for a few hours to a few days
respiratory disease, respiratory disorder, respiratory illness - a disease affecting the respiratory system
inflammatory disease - a disease characterized by inflammation
autoimmune disease, autoimmune disorder - any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
deficiency disease - any disease caused by a lack of an essential nutrient (as a vitamin or mineral)
goiter, goitre, struma, thyromegaly - abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
pappataci fever, phlebotomus, sandfly fever - a mild viral disease transmitted by the bite of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasii
disease of the skin, skin disease, skin disorder - a disease affecting the skin

disease

noun
1. illness, condition, complaint, upset, infection, disorder, sickness, ailment, affliction, malady, infirmity, indisposition, lurgy (informal) illnesses such as heart disease
2. evil, disorder, plague, curse, cancer, blight, contamination, scourge, affliction, bane, contagion, malady, canker the disease of racism eating away at the core of our society
Related words
adjective pathological
fear nosophobia, pathophobia

Diseases

Human diseases  absinthism, acariasis, acne, acromegaly, actinodermatitis, actinomycosis, Addison's disease, adrenoleukodystrophy or ALD, aeroneurosis, agranulocytosis, ague, Aids or AIDS, alcoholism, Alzheimer's disease, amoebiasis, ancylostomiasis, anchylostomiasis, or ankylostomiasis, angina, anorexia or anorexia nervosa, anthracosis, anthrax, aortitis, appendicitis, apraxia, arteriosclerosis, arthritis, asbestosis, ascariasis, asthma, atherosclerosis, athlete's foot, avitaminosis, Bell's palsy, beriberi, bilharzia, bilharziasis or bilharziosis, Black Death, black measles, blackwater fever, Bornholm disease, Bright's disease, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, brucellosis, bubonic plague, bulimia or bulimia nervosa, Burkitt lymphoma or Burkitt's lymphoma, bursitis, byssinosis, calenture, cancer, cardiomyopathy, carditis, caries, carpal tunnel syndrome, cellulitis, cerebellar syndrome, Chagas' disease, chickenpox, chin cough, chloracne, chlorosis, cholera, chorea, Christmas disease, chronic fatigue syndrome or CFS, cirrhosis, coal miner's lung, coccidioidomycosis, coeliac disease, cold, colitis, common cold, conjunctivitis, constipation, consumption, cor pulmonale, coxalgia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Crohn's disease, Cushing's disease, cystic fibrosis, cystitis, dead fingers, decompression sickness, dengue, dermatitis, dhobi itch, diabetes, diarrhoea, diphtheria, diverticulitis, double pneumonia, dropsy, dysentery, earache, ebola virus disease, Economo's disease, eczema, elephantiasis, emphysema, encephalitis, encephalomyelitis, encephalopathy, endocarditis, enteritis, enterobiasis, enterocolitis, epilepsy, ergotism, erysipelas, erythroblastosis, exophthalmic goitre, farmer's lung, favus, fibrositis, filariasis, fishskin disease, flu, framboesia, furunculosis, gastritis, gastroenteritis, genital herpes, German measles, gingivitis, glandular fever, glaucoma, glomerulonephritis, glossitis, glue ear, goitre, gonorrhoea, gout, grand mal, green monkey disease, greensickness, haemoglobinopathy, haemophilia, Hansen's disease, hebephrenia, hepatitis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, herpes, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, hidrosis, histoplasmosis, Hodgkin's disease, Huntington's chorea, hypothermia, hypothyroidism, ichthyosis, icterus, impetigo, infectious hepatitis, infectious mononucleosis, influenza, iritis, jaundice, jungle fever, kala-azar, Kaposi's sarcoma, Kawasaki's disease, Korsakoff's psychosis, kuru, labyrinthitis, laryngitis, Lassa fever, lathyrism, legionnaire's disease, leishmaniasis or leishmaniosis, leprosy, leptospirosis, leukaemia, listeriosis, lockjaw, lumbago, lupus, lupus erythematosus, lupus vulgaris, Lyme disease, lymphoma, malaria, Marburg disease, mastitis, measles, Ménière's syndrome, meningitis, milk sickness, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis, mumps, muscular dystrophy, myalgic encephalomyelitis or ME, myasthenia gravis, myiasis, myopathy, myxoedema, narcolepsy, necrotising fasciitis, nephritis, nephrosis, neuropathy, non-A, non-B hepatitis, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, onchocerciasis, ornithosis, osteitis, osteitis deformans, osteoarthritis, osteomalacia, osteomyelitis, osteoporosis, otitis, Paget's disease, paratyphoid fever, Parkinson's disease, pellagra, pelvic inflammatory disease, pemphigus, pericarditis, petit mal, pharyngitis, phlebitis, phthisis, pinta, pityriasis, pleurisy, pleuropneumonia, pneumoconiosis, pneumonia, poliomyelitis or polio, polycythaemia, porphyria, Pott's disease, pox, presenile dementia, prurigo, psittacosis, psoriasis, purpura, pyorrhoea, Q fever, quinsy, rabies, radiation sickness, ratbite fever or ratbite disease, Raynaud's disease, relapsing fever, retinitis, Reye's syndrome, rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis, rhinitis, rickets, rickettsial disease, ringworm, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, rubella, Saint Vitus's dance, salmonella or salmonellosis, salpingitis, sapraemia, sarcomatosis, scabies, scarlet fever or scarlatina, schistosomiasis, schizophrenia, schizothymia, sciatica, scleroderma, sclerodermia, or scleriasis, scrofula, scrub typhus, scurvy, seasonal affective disorder, seborrhoea, senile dementia, septicaemia, serpigo, serum sickness, shell shock, shingles, sickle-cell anaemia, siderosis, silicosis, sinusitis, sleeping sickness, smallpox, spina bifida, spirochaetosis, splenitis, splenomegaly, spondylitis, spotted fever, sprue, stomatitis, strongyloidiasis or strongyloidosis, sunstroke, sweating sickness, swinepox, sycosis, Sydenham's chorea, synovitis, syphilis, syringomyelia, tarantism, Tay-Sachs disease, tetanus, thalassaemia, thrush, tick fever, tinea, tonsillitis, Tourette syndrome, toxic shock syndrome, trachoma, trench fever, trench mouth, trichinosis, trypanosomiasis, tsutsugamushi disease, tuberculosis, typhoid fever, typhus, uncinariasis, uraemia, urethritis, urticaria, utriculitis, uveitis, vaginitis, vagotonia, valvulitis, varicosis, variola, varioloid, venereal disease, Vincent's angina or Vincent's disease, vulvitis, vulvovaginitis, Weil's disease, whooping cough, yaws, yellow fever
Animal diseases  actinomycosis or (nontechnical) lumpy jaw, anbury, anthrax, blackleg, bots, braxy, brucellosis or undulant fever, BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) or (informal) mad cow disease, bull nose, bush sickness (N.Z.), canker, cowpox, distemper, dourine, foot-and-mouth disease or hoof-and-mouth disease, fowl pest, furunculosis, gallsickness or anaplasmosis, gapes, gid, glanders, grapes, hard pad, heaves or broken wind, laminitis or founder, lampas or lampers, loco disease, Lyme disease, malanders, mallanders, or mallenders, Marburg disease or green monkey disease, milk fever, moon blindness or mooneye, murrain, myxomatosis, nagana, Newcastle disease or fowl pest, ornithosis, pinkeye, pip, pityriasis, psittacosis, pullorum disease or bacillary white diarrhoea, quarter crack, quittor, red water, rinderpest, ringbone, roaring, rot, roup, sand crack, scab, scrapie, scratches, seedy toe, sheep measles, sitfast, spavin, staggers, blind staggers, or megrims, strangles or equine distemper, stringhalt or springhalt, surra, swamp fever or equine infectious anaemia, sweating sickness, sweeny, swine fever or (U.S.) hog cholera, swinepox or variola porcina, swine vesicular disease, Texas fever, thoroughpin, thrush, toe crack, trembles or milk sickness, warble, whistling, windgall

disease

noun
A pathological condition of mind or body:
Translations
болест
malaltia
nemocchorobanákaza
sygdom
sairaustauti
bolest
betegségkór
sjúkdómursýkimein
病気
질병
infirmitasmorbus
liga
slimība
രോഗംസുഖക്കേട്
boală
bolezen
bolest
sjukdom
โรค
bệnh

disease

[dɪˈziːz] Nenfermedad f (fig) → mal m, enfermedad f

disease

[dɪˈziːz] n
(lit)maladie f
kidney disease → maladie rénale
liver disease → maladie du foie
respiratory disease → maladie respiratoire heart disease
(fig)maladie f, mal m

disease

n (lit, fig)Krankheit f

disease

[dɪˈziːz] nmalattia

disease

(diˈziːz) noun
(an) illness. She's suffering from kidney disease; poverty and disease.

disease

مَرَض nemoc sygdom Krankheit ασθένεια enfermedad sairaus maladie bolest malattia 病気 ziekte sykdom choroba doença болезнь sjukdom โรค hastalık bệnh 疾病

dis·ease

n. enfermedad, dolencia, anomalía; indisposición;
a crippling ______ que causa invalidez;
blood ______ sanguínea;
bone ______ ósea;
cardiac ______ cardíaca;
chronic obstructive pulmonary ______ pulmonar crónica obstructiva;
coal miner's ______ de los mineros;
communicable ______ contagiosa;
communicable ___ controlcontrol de ___ -es contagiosas;
companion ______ concomitante;
functional ______ funcional;
gallbladder ___colecistopatía;
heavy chain ______ de red o de cadena;
kidney ___nefropatía;
liver ______ hepática, renal;
venereal ______ venérea;
v. causar una enfermedad, contagiar, enfermar, dañar, hacer daño.

disease

n enfermedad f, mal m; Addison’s —* enfermedad de Addison; alcoholic liver — enfermedad hepática alcohólica; Alzheimer’s — enfermedad de Alzheimer; benign breast — enfermedad mamaria benigna, enfermedad fibroquística de la mama; black lung — enfermedad del pulmón negro; calcium pyrophosphate deposition — enfermedad por deposición de pirofosfatos de calcio; cat-scratch — enfermedad por arañazo de gato; celiac — enfermedad celíaca or celiaca, celiaquía; Chagas — enfermedad de Chagas; chronic obstructive pulmonary — (COPD) enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC); connective tissue — enfermedad del tejido conectivo or conjuntivo; coronary artery — enfermedad coronaria; Creutzfeldt-Jakob — enfermedad de Creutzfeldt-Jakob; Crohn’s — enfermedad de Crohn; Cushing’s —* enfermedad de Cushing; degenerative joint — artrosis f, enfermedad articular degenerativa; diverticular — enfermedad diverticular; fatty liver — enfermedad de hígado graso; fibrocystic breast — enfermedad fibroquística de la mama, enfermedad mamaria benigna; fifth — eritema infeccioso, quinta enfermedad; gastroesophageal reflux — (GERD) enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (ERGE); Gaucher’s —* enfermedad de Gaucher; graft-versus-host — enfermedad de injerto contra el huésped; Graves’ —* enfermedad de Graves; hand, foot, and mouth — enfermedad mano-pie-boca; Hansen’s — enfermedad de Hansen, lepra; heart — enfermedad cardíaca or del corazón; Hirschsprung’s —* enfermedad de Hirschsprung; HIV — enfermedad del or por VIH; Hodgkin’s —* (ant) enfermedad or linfoma m de Hodgkin; Huntington’s — enfermedad de Huntington; hyaline membrane — enfermedad de membrana hialina; infectious — enfermedad infecciosa; inflammatory bowel — enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal; interstitial lung — enfermedad intersticial pulmonar; Kawasaki — enfermedad de Kawasaki; kidney — enfermedad renal (form), enfermedad del riñón; Legionnaires’ — legionelosis f liver — enfermedad hepática (form), enfermedad del hígado; Lyme — enfermedad de Lyme; mad cow — (fam) encefalopatía espongiforme bovina, enfermedad de las vacas locas (fam); Ménière’s — enfermedad f de Ménière; minimal change — enfermedad de cambios mínimos; mixed connective tissue — enfermedad mixta del tejido conectivo or conjuntivo; motor neuron — enfermedad de neurona motora; myeloproliferative — enfermedad mieloproliferativa; non-alcoholic fatty liver — enfermedad hepática grasa no alcohólica; Osler-Weber-Rendu — enfermedad de Rendu-Osler-Weber; Osgood-Schlatter — enfermedad de Osgood-Schlatter; Paget’s — (of bone) enfermedad (ósea) de Paget; Paget’s — (of breast) enfermedad de Paget (mamaria); Parkinson’s —* enfermedad de Parkinson; pelvic inflammatory — (PID) enfermedad inflamatoria pélvica; peripheral vascular — enfermedad vascular periférica; polycystic kidney — poliquistosis f renal; Pott’s —* mal m de Pott; Raynaud’s — enfermedad de Raynaud; rheumatic heart — cardiopatía reumática; sexually transmitted — (STD) enfermedad de transmisión sexual (ETS); sickle cell — enfermedad de células falciformes, enfermedad drepanocítica (esp. Esp); venereal — (VD) (ant) enfermedad de transmisión sexual (ETS), enfermedad venérea (ant); von Willebrand — enfermedad de von Willebrand; Whipple’s — enfermedad de Whipple; Wilson’s —* enfermedad de Wilson
* The non-possesive form is also used, especially in the medical literature: Addison disease, Cushing disease, etc.
References in classic literature ?
Although she was but forty-five, some obscure disease had taken the fire out of her figure.
Thy child," returned Duncan, gravely; "the disease has gone out of her; it is shut up in the rocks.
In all the Pyncheons, this feeling had the energy of disease.
It is sadly curious to observe how slight a taste of office suffices to infect a poor fellow with this singular disease.
Be sure of this, O young ambition, all mortal greatness is but disease.
Such rejected or condemned animals shall at once be removed by the owners from the pens containing animals which have been inspected and found to be free from disease and fit for human food, and shall be disposed of in accordance with the laws, ordinances, and regulations of the state and municipality in which said rejected or condemned animals are located.
She might have been sixty, but was older than that by hard work and disease, was partially blind, and somewhat crippled with rheumatism.
Some forms of disease, even, may prophesy forms of health.
When a disease has worked its way down to that level, it may fairly be said to be out of the system.
For instance, for some forms of disease, the patient drinks the native hot water of Baden-Baden, with a spoonful of salt from the Carlsbad springs dissolved in it.
You see, they think we whites and the occasional nigger are Injuns that have been bleached out or blackened by some leprous disease or other - for some peculiarly rascally SIN, mind you.
On that same occasion I learned, for the first time, from Miss Abbot's communications to Bessie, that my father had been a poor clergyman; that my mother had married him against the wishes of her friends, who considered the match beneath her; that my grandfather Reed was so irritated at her disobedience, he cut her off without a shilling; that after my mother and father had been married a year, the latter caught the typhus fever while visiting among the poor of a large manufacturing town where his curacy was situated, and where that disease was then prevalent: that my mother took the infection from him, and both died within a month of each other.