dismay


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dis·may

 (dĭs-mā′)
tr.v. dis·mayed, dis·may·ing, dis·mays
1. To cause to lose enthusiasm or resolution; disillusion or discourage: "young executives dismayed by the corporate ladder" (Peter Grose). See Synonyms at discourage.
2. To upset or distress: "Parents may be dismayed by the mess from sand or paint spread around by the pair or group at play" (Elizabeth Noble).
n.
A sudden or complete loss of courage in the face of trouble or danger.

[Middle English dismaien, from Anglo-Norman *desmaiier : probably de-, intensive pref.; see de- + Old French esmaier, to frighten (from Vulgar Latin *exmagāre, to deprive of power : Latin ex-, ex- + Germanic *magan, to be able to; see magh- in Indo-European roots).]

dis·may′ing·ly adv.

dismay

(dɪsˈmeɪ)
vb (tr)
1. to fill with apprehension or alarm
2. to fill with depression or discouragement
n
consternation or agitation
[C13: from Old French desmaiier (unattested), from des- dis-1 + esmayer to frighten, ultimately of Germanic origin; see may1]
disˈmaying adj

dis•may

(dɪsˈmeɪ)

v.t.
1. to break down the courage of completely, as by sudden danger or trouble; daunt.
2. to surprise in such a manner as to disillusion.
3. to alarm; perturb.
n.
4. sudden or complete loss of courage; utter disheartenment.
5. sudden disillusionment.
6. agitation of mind; perturbation.
[1275–1325; Middle English de(s)mayen, dismayen < presumed Anglo-French alter., by prefix change, of Old French esmaier to trouble, frighten < Vulgar Latin *exmagāre to disable =ex- ex-1 + *magāre < Germanic *magan to be able to; see may1]
syn: See discourage.

dismay


Past participle: dismayed
Gerund: dismaying

Imperative
dismay
dismay
Present
I dismay
you dismay
he/she/it dismays
we dismay
you dismay
they dismay
Preterite
I dismayed
you dismayed
he/she/it dismayed
we dismayed
you dismayed
they dismayed
Present Continuous
I am dismaying
you are dismaying
he/she/it is dismaying
we are dismaying
you are dismaying
they are dismaying
Present Perfect
I have dismayed
you have dismayed
he/she/it has dismayed
we have dismayed
you have dismayed
they have dismayed
Past Continuous
I was dismaying
you were dismaying
he/she/it was dismaying
we were dismaying
you were dismaying
they were dismaying
Past Perfect
I had dismayed
you had dismayed
he/she/it had dismayed
we had dismayed
you had dismayed
they had dismayed
Future
I will dismay
you will dismay
he/she/it will dismay
we will dismay
you will dismay
they will dismay
Future Perfect
I will have dismayed
you will have dismayed
he/she/it will have dismayed
we will have dismayed
you will have dismayed
they will have dismayed
Future Continuous
I will be dismaying
you will be dismaying
he/she/it will be dismaying
we will be dismaying
you will be dismaying
they will be dismaying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been dismaying
you have been dismaying
he/she/it has been dismaying
we have been dismaying
you have been dismaying
they have been dismaying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been dismaying
you will have been dismaying
he/she/it will have been dismaying
we will have been dismaying
you will have been dismaying
they will have been dismaying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been dismaying
you had been dismaying
he/she/it had been dismaying
we had been dismaying
you had been dismaying
they had been dismaying
Conditional
I would dismay
you would dismay
he/she/it would dismay
we would dismay
you would dismay
they would dismay
Past Conditional
I would have dismayed
you would have dismayed
he/she/it would have dismayed
we would have dismayed
you would have dismayed
they would have dismayed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dismay - the feeling of despair in the face of obstaclesdismay - the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles
despair - the feeling that everything is wrong and nothing will turn out well; "they moaned in despair and dismay"; "one harsh word would send her into the depths of despair"
intimidation - the feeling of discouragement in the face of someone's superior fame or wealth or status etc.
2.dismay - fear resulting from the awareness of dangerdismay - fear resulting from the awareness of danger
fear, fearfulness, fright - an emotion experienced in anticipation of some specific pain or danger (usually accompanied by a desire to flee or fight)
Verb1.dismay - lower someone's spirits; make downhearted; "These news depressed her"; "The bad state of her child's health demoralizes her"
chill - depress or discourage; "The news of the city's surrender chilled the soldiers"
discourage - deprive of courage or hope; take away hope from; cause to feel discouraged
2.dismay - fill with apprehension or alarmdismay - fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised; "I was horrified at the thought of being late for my interview"; "The news of the executions horrified us"
affright, fright, frighten, scare - cause fear in; "The stranger who hangs around the building frightens me"; "Ghosts could never affright her"
shock - strike with horror or terror; "The news of the bombing shocked her"

dismay

verb
1. alarm, frighten, scare, panic, distress, terrify, appal, startle, horrify, paralyse, unnerve, put the wind up (someone) (informal), give (someone) a turn (informal), affright, fill with consternation The committee was dismayed by what it had been told.
2. disappoint, upset, sadden, dash, discourage, put off, daunt, disillusion, let down, vex, chagrin, dishearten, dispirit, disenchant, disgruntle He was dismayed to learn that she was already married.

dismay

verb
To deprive of courage or the power to act as a result of fear, anxiety, or disgust:
noun
A sudden or complete loss of courage in the face of trouble or danger:
Translations
فَزَع، رُعْبيُفْزِع، يُرْعِب
hrůzapolekatúlekvyděsitzdrtit
forfærdeforfærdelse
skelfa, koma í uppnámskelfing
狼狽
nugąsdinti
izbailesizbiedētsatrauktsatraukums
osuplost
dehşetdehşete düşürmekhayret içinde bırakmakpanik

dismay

[dɪsˈmeɪ]
A. Nconsternación f
there was general dismaytodos estaban consternados
in dismayconsternado
(much) to my dismaypara (gran) consternación mía
to fill sb with dismayconsternar a algn
B. VTconsternar
I am dismayed to hear thatme da pena or me produce consternación enterarme de que ...
don't look so dismayed!¡no te aflijas!

dismay

[ˌdɪsˈmeɪ]
nconsternation f, désarroi m
much to my dismay → à ma grande consternation, à mon grand désarroi
dismay at sth → consternation face à qch, désarroi face à qch
with dismay → avec consternation, avec désarroi
in dismay → d'un air consterné
vtconsterner
to be dismayed by sth → être consterné(e) par qch

dismay

nBestürzung f; in dismaybestürzt; to my dismay I discovered that …zu meiner Bestürzung stellte ich fest, dass …
vtbestürzen

dismay

[dɪsˈmeɪ]
1. nsgomento, costernazione f
in dismay → costernato/a
much to my dismay → con mio gran sgomento

dismay

(disˈmei) verb
to shock or upset. We were dismayed by the bad news.
noun
the state of being shocked and upset. a shout of dismay.
References in classic literature ?
Laurie enjoyed that immensely, and when she told about the prim old gentleman who came once to woo Aunt March, and in the middle of a fine speech, how Poll had tweaked his wig off to his great dismay, the boy lay back and laughed till the tears ran down his cheeks, and a maid popped her head in to see what was the matter.
Screaming with dismay, the children ran here and there like disturbed insects.
and how often was he thrown into complete dismay by some rushing blast, howling among the trees, in the idea that it was the Galloping Hessian on one of his nightly scourings!
Then seeing in her face that she already, in this, with a deeper dismay, found a touch of picture, I quickly added stroke to stroke.
A whale wounded (as we afterwards learned) in this part, but not effectually, as it seemed, had broken away from the boat, carrying along with him half of the harpoon line; and in the extraordinary agony of the wound, he was now dashing among the revolving circles like the lone mounted desperado Arnold, at the battle of Saratoga, carrying dismay wherever he went.
All these things were going on now, and the family was helpless with dismay.
Here was matter for dismay, for they were soaked through and chilled.
Emma was rather in dismay when only half a minute afterwards he began to speak of other things, and in a voice of the greatest alacrity and enjoyment.
The refectory was a great, low-ceiled, gloomy room; on two long tables smoked basins of something hot, which, however, to my dismay, sent forth an odour far from inviting.
On the brink of that terrible conclusion, Miss Garth shrank back in dismay.
These thoughts, and a hundred other such thoughts, turned me burning hot, and made me giddy with apprehension and dismay.
As I fixed my eyes hopelessly on Joe, Joe contemplated me in dismay.