distillation


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
click for a larger image
distillation
simple distillation of water

dis·til·la·tion

 (dĭs′tə-lā′shən)
n.
1. The evaporation and subsequent collection of a liquid by condensation as a means of purification: the distillation of water.
2. The extraction of the volatile components of a mixture by the condensation and collection of the vapors that are produced as the mixture is heated: petroleum distillation.
3. A distillate.

distillation

(ˌdɪstɪˈleɪʃən)
n
1. (Chemistry) the act, process, or product of distilling
2. (Brewing) the act, process, or product of distilling
3. (Chemistry) the process of evaporating or boiling a liquid and condensing its vapour
4. (Chemistry) purification or separation of mixture by using different evaporation rates or boiling points of their components. See also fractional distillation
5. (Chemistry) the process of obtaining the essence or an extract of a substance, usually by heating it in a solvent
6. (Chemistry) another name for distillate1
7. a concentrated essence
disˈtillatory adj

dis•til•la•tion

(ˌdɪs tlˈeɪ ʃən)

n.
1. the process of heating, evaporating, and subsequently condensing a liquid.
2. the purification or concentration of a substance or the separation of one substance from another by such a process.
4. the act of distilling or the state of being distilled.
[1350–1400; Middle English (< Anglo-French) < Latin]

dis·til·la·tion

(dĭs′tə-lā′shən)
A method of separating a substance that is in solution from its solvent or of separating a liquid from a mixture of liquids having different boiling points. The liquid to be separated is evaporated (as by boiling), and its vapor is then collected after it condenses. Distillation is used to separate fresh water from a salt solution and gasoline from petroleum. ♦ The condensed vapor, which is the purified liquid, is called the distillate.

distillation

A process in which a solution (or a mixture of liquids whose boiling points are widely differing) is heated to a particular temperature to produce a vapor. This vapor is condensed, forming a pure liquid (the distillate) which has a single boiling point.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.distillation - the process of purifying a liquid by boiling it and condensing its vaporsdistillation - the process of purifying a liquid by boiling it and condensing its vapors
natural action, natural process, action, activity - a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); "the action of natural forces"; "volcanic activity"
2.distillation - a purified liquid produced by condensation from a vapor during distilling; the product of distilling
liquid - a substance that is liquid at room temperature and pressure

distillation

noun
1. essence, extract, elixir, spirit, quintessence a distillation of the blooms of the Cananga Odorata tree
2. distilling, processing, refining, purification, filtration Stronger beverages are produced by distillation.
Translations
تَقْطير
destilace
destillation
lepár lás
eiming; áfengisgerî
destilácia
damıt ma

distillation

[ˌdɪstɪˈleɪʃən] Ndestilación f

distillation

[ˌdɪstɪˈleɪʃən] n
[whisky, water] → distillation f
(from plant) [oil, liquid] → distillation f
[thoughts, ideas, experiences] → condensé mdistilled water neau f déminéralisée, eau f distillée

distillation

n
(Chem etc: = act) → Destillation f; (of whisky etc also)Brennen nt; (= product)Destillat nt
(fig: = act) → Verarbeitung f; (= product)Destillat nt

distillation

[ˌdɪstɪˈleɪʃn] ndistillazione f

distil

(diˈstil) (American) distillpast tense, past participle diˈstilled verb
1. to get (a liquid) in a pure state by heating to steam or a vapour and cooling again.
2. to obtain alcoholic spirit from anything by this method. Whisky is distilled from barley.
ˌdistilˈlation noun
diˈstiller noun
a person or firm that distils and makes spirits. a firm of whisky-distillers.
diˈstilleryplural diˈstilleries noun
a place where distilling (of whisky, brandy etc) is done.

dis·til·la·tion

n. destilación.
References in classic literature ?
For three days he watered this cabbage with a distillation of arsenic; on the third, the cabbage began to droop and turn yellow.
Go you to a brook hollow where they grow some late summer twilight at dewfall; and on the still air that rises suddenly to meet you will come a waft of faint, aromatic fragrance, wondrously sweet and evasive, the distillation of that despised thistle bloom.
to those sounds which, in the pleasant mansions of that gate which seems to derive its name from a duplicity of tongues, issue from the mouths, and sometimes from the nostrils, of those fair river nymphs, ycleped of old the Naiades; in the vulgar tongue translated oyster-wenches; for when, instead of the antient libations of milk and honey and oil, the rich distillation from the juniper-berry, or, perhaps, from malt, hath, by the early devotion of their votaries, been poured forth in great abundance, should any daring tongue with unhallowed license prophane,
The rum (for so the landlord chose to call the distillation from malt) had basely taken the advantage of the fatigue which the poor woman had undergone, and had made terrible depredations on her noble faculties, at a time when they were very unable to resist the attack.
But he has spilt the precious distillation of the years, and no chemistry of his can give it back to society again.
To the sense of smell the house was like a sort of bottle filled with a strong distillation of Mews; and when the footman opened the door, he seemed to take the stopper out.
Hollister’s confounded distillations, and so I’ll come down and go with you.
Kuwait implemented many water projects in 2010 like the Sabiya water distillation stations, Shuaiba north distillation station and Shuwaikh water desalination station, the report by Kuwait Financial Center, or Markaz, said.
Advanced distillation technologies; design, control, and applications.
Tenders are invited for Distillation Apparatus:- For Determination Of Distillation Characteristics Of Petroleum Prodcuts Is- 1448-P-18 Single Distillation Apparatus Electrical Heated With Energy Regulator.
Symrise is now supporting the French Research Institute CRIEPPAM (Centre Regionalise Interprofessionel d'Experimentation en Plantes a Parfum Aromatiques et Medicinales) in its environmental efforts to improve energy efficiency of lavender harvesting and distillation.
A mixture of hydrocarbons that existed in liquid phase in underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities and which has not been processed through a crude oil distillation tower.