disturb

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dis·turb

 (dĭ-stûrb′)
tr.v. dis·turbed, dis·turb·ing, dis·turbs
1. To break up or destroy the tranquility, order, or settled state of: "Subterranean fires and deep unrest disturb the whole area" (Rachel Carson).
2. To trouble emotionally or mentally; upset: It disturbed me when you left without saying goodbye.
3.
a. To interfere with; interrupt: noise that disturbed my sleep.
b. To intrude on; inconvenience: Constant calls disturbed her work.
4. Physics To alter or displace a region of (a medium) from its equilibrium state.

[Middle English distourben, from Old French destourber, from Latin disturbāre : Latin dis-, dis- + Latin turbāre, to agitate (from turba, confusion, probably from Greek turbē).]

dis·turb′er n.
dis·turb′ing·ly adv.

disturb

(dɪˈstɜːb)
vb (tr)
1. to intrude on; interrupt
2. to destroy or interrupt the quietness or peace of
3. to disarrange; muddle
4. (often passive) to upset or agitate; trouble: I am disturbed at your bad news.
5. to inconvenience; put out: don't disturb yourself on my account.
[C13: from Latin disturbāre, from dis-1 + turbāre to confuse]
disˈturber n

dis•turb

(dɪˈstɜrb)

v.t.
1. to interrupt the quiet, rest, or peace of; bother; unsettle.
2. to interfere with; interrupt; hinder.
3. to interfere with the arrangement or order of: to disturb the papers on a desk.
4. to perplex; trouble.
v.i.
5. to cause disturbance to someone's sleep, rest, etc.
[1175–1225; Middle English disto(u)rben < Anglo-French disto(u)rber < Latin disturbāre to demolish, upset]
dis•turb′er, n.

disturb

disturbed
1. 'disturb'

If you disturb someone, you interrupt what they are doing and cause them inconvenience.

If she's asleep, don't disturb her.
Sorry to disturb you, but can I use your telephone?
2. 'disturbed'

The adjective disturbed has a different meaning. A disturbed person is very upset emotionally and often needs special care or treatment. When disturbed has this meaning, it comes in front of a noun.

They help emotionally disturbed youngsters.

If someone is disturbed, they are very worried. When disturbed has this meaning, it comes after a linking verb.

He was disturbed by the news of the attack.

disturb


Past participle: disturbed
Gerund: disturbing

Imperative
disturb
disturb
Present
I disturb
you disturb
he/she/it disturbs
we disturb
you disturb
they disturb
Preterite
I disturbed
you disturbed
he/she/it disturbed
we disturbed
you disturbed
they disturbed
Present Continuous
I am disturbing
you are disturbing
he/she/it is disturbing
we are disturbing
you are disturbing
they are disturbing
Present Perfect
I have disturbed
you have disturbed
he/she/it has disturbed
we have disturbed
you have disturbed
they have disturbed
Past Continuous
I was disturbing
you were disturbing
he/she/it was disturbing
we were disturbing
you were disturbing
they were disturbing
Past Perfect
I had disturbed
you had disturbed
he/she/it had disturbed
we had disturbed
you had disturbed
they had disturbed
Future
I will disturb
you will disturb
he/she/it will disturb
we will disturb
you will disturb
they will disturb
Future Perfect
I will have disturbed
you will have disturbed
he/she/it will have disturbed
we will have disturbed
you will have disturbed
they will have disturbed
Future Continuous
I will be disturbing
you will be disturbing
he/she/it will be disturbing
we will be disturbing
you will be disturbing
they will be disturbing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been disturbing
you have been disturbing
he/she/it has been disturbing
we have been disturbing
you have been disturbing
they have been disturbing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been disturbing
you will have been disturbing
he/she/it will have been disturbing
we will have been disturbing
you will have been disturbing
they will have been disturbing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been disturbing
you had been disturbing
he/she/it had been disturbing
we had been disturbing
you had been disturbing
they had been disturbing
Conditional
I would disturb
you would disturb
he/she/it would disturb
we would disturb
you would disturb
they would disturb
Past Conditional
I would have disturbed
you would have disturbed
he/she/it would have disturbed
we would have disturbed
you would have disturbed
they would have disturbed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.disturb - move deeplydisturb - move deeply; "This book upset me"; "A troubling thought"
charge up, commove, agitate, rouse, excite, turn on, charge - cause to be agitated, excited, or roused; "The speaker charged up the crowd with his inflammatory remarks"
jolt - disturb (someone's) composure; "The audience was jolted by the play"
cark, disorder, disquiet, perturb, unhinge, distract, trouble - disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed; "She was rather perturbed by the news that her father was seriously ill"
impress, strike, affect, move - have an emotional or cognitive impact upon; "This child impressed me as unusually mature"; "This behavior struck me as odd"
distress - cause mental pain to; "The news of her child's illness distressed the mother"
2.disturb - change the arrangement or position ofdisturb - change the arrangement or position of
scramble, beat - stir vigorously; "beat the egg whites"; "beat the cream"
toss - agitate; "toss the salad"
rile, roil - make turbid by stirring up the sediments of
poke - stir by poking; "poke the embers in the fireplace"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"
3.disturb - tamper withdisturb - tamper with; "Don't touch my CDs!"  
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
upset - disturb the balance or stability of; "The hostile talks upset the peaceful relations between the two countries"
violate - destroy; "Don't violate my garden"; "violate my privacy"
4.disturb - destroy the peace or tranquility of; "Don't interrupt me when I'm reading"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
5.disturb - damage as if by shaking or jarring; "Don't disturb the patient's wounds by moving him too rapidly!"
damage - inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"

disturb

verb
1. interrupt, trouble, bother, startle, plague, disrupt, put out, interfere with, rouse, hassle, inconvenience, pester, intrude on, butt in on I didn't want to disturb you.
3. muddle, disorder, mix up, mess up, disorganize, jumble up, disarrange His notes had not been disturbed.
4. ruffle, stir up, agitate, churn up a gentle wave or two disturbing the surface

disturb

verb
1. To alter the settled state or position of:
2. To impair or destroy the composure of:
Informal: rattle.
3. To trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated vexations:
Idioms: get in one's hair, get on one's nerves, get under one's skin.
4. To break up the order or progress of:
Translations
يُزْعِجُيُزْعِج، يُشَوِّشيُعَكِّرُ صَفْو، يُهيِّجيُقْلِق
rušitvyrušovatznepokojitrozbouřitrozrušit
forstyrreforurolige
häiritä
uznemiriti
gera bilt viîraska, róta í, ÿfatrufla, ónáîa
邪魔をする
방해하다
ardymasdrumstimassudrumstisujauktitrukdymas
radīt nekārtībassajaukttraucētuztraukt
rozbúriť
motiti
störa
รบกวน
rahatsız etmeküzmekhuzurunu bozmakkarıştırmak
quấy rầy

disturb

[dɪsˈtɜːb] VT
1. (= bother) [+ person, animal] → molestar
"please do not disturb"se ruega no molestar
sorry to disturb youperdona la molestia
try not to disturb Joseph, he's asleepintenta no despertar a Joseph, está durmiendo
2. (= interrupt) [+ order, balance] → alterar; [+ meeting, sleep] → interrumpir; [+ silence] → romper
a car alarm disturbed her sleepuna alarma de coche interrumpió su sueño or la despertó
to disturb the peace (Jur) → alterar el orden público
they disturbed a burglar breaking into their housesorprendieron a un ladrón que estaba intentando entrar en su casa
her constant questions disturbed his concentrationsus constantes preguntas le impedían concentrarse
3. (= worry) → preocupar; (= upset) → afectar
the news disturbed him greatlyla noticia le preocupó enormemente
the photos of the war victims disturbed herlas fotos de las víctimas de guerra la afectaron
4. (= disarrange) [+ papers] → desordenar; [+ water, sediment] → agitar
somebody had been in her room and disturbed her thingsalguien había estado en su cuarto y había revuelto sus cosas
the police asked if anything had been disturbedla policía preguntó si había algo fuera de su sitio

disturb

[dɪˈstɜːrb] vt
(= inconvenience, interrupt) [+ person] → déranger; [+ sleep] → troubler
sorry to disturb you → excusez-moi de vous déranger
to disturb the peace (LAW)troubler l'ordre public
(= disarrange) [+ papers] → déranger
[+ burglar] → surprendre
(= upset) [+ person] → troubler, perturber (= worry) → inquiéter

disturb

vt
(= interrupt) person, sleep, silence, balancestören; the pain disturbed my sleepvor Schmerzen habe ich schlecht geschlafen; sorry to disturb youentschuldigen Sie bitte die Störung
(= alarm) personbeunruhigen
watersbewegen; sedimentaufwirbeln; papersdurcheinanderbringen; (fig) peace of mindstören; to disturb the peacedie Ruhe stören
vistören; “please do not disturb„bitte nicht stören

disturb

[dɪsˈtɜːb] vt
a. (bother) → disturbare, importunare; (inconvenience) → scomodare
sorry to disturb you → scusi se la disturbo
"please do not disturb" → "non disturbare"
b. (worry, person) → turbare; (disrupt, sleep, order, meeting) → turbare, disturbare; (ruffle, water) → turbare
c. (disarrange, papers) → scompigliare; (move) → spostare

disturb

(diˈstəːb) verb
1. to interrupt or take attention away from. I'm sorry, am I disturbing you?
2. to worry or make anxious. This news has disturbed me very much.
3. to stir up or throw into confusion. A violent storm disturbed the surface of the lake.
diˈsturbance noun
1. a noisy or disorderly happening. He was thrown out of the meeting for causing a disturbance.
2. an interruption. I've done quite a lot of work, despite several disturbances.
3. an act of disturbing. He was arrested for disturbance of the peace.

disturb

يُزْعِجُ rušit forstyrre stören ενοχλώ molestar, perturbar häiritä déranger uznemiriti disturbare 邪魔をする 방해하다 storen forstyrre zaniepokoić perturbar отвлекать störa รบกวน rahatsız etmek quấy rầy 扰乱

disturb

v. perturbar, incomodar, molestar, inquietar.
References in classic literature ?
So artfully can this people dissemble their sentiments that we had not been able hitherto to distinguish our real from our pretended favourers; but as soon as this Prince began to give evident tokens of his hatred, even in the lifetime of the Emperor, we saw all the courtiers and governors who had treated us with such a show of friendship declare against us, and persecute us as disturbers of the public tranquillity, who had come into Aethiopia with no other intention than to abolish the ancient laws and customs of the country, to sow divisions between father and son, and preach up a revolution.
The members of the confederacy are expressly restricted from entering into compacts prejudicial to the empire; from imposing tolls and duties on their mutual intercourse, without the consent of the emperor and diet; from altering the value of money; from doing injustice to one another; or from affording assistance or retreat to disturbers of the public peace.
Their parties abroad were less varied than before, and at home she had a mother and sister whose constant repinings at the dullness of everything around them threw a real gloom over their domestic circle; and, though Kitty might in time regain her natural degree of sense, since the disturbers of her brain were removed, her other sister, from whose disposition greater evil might be apprehended, was likely to be hardened in all her folly and assurance by a situation of such double danger as a watering-place and a camp.
He approached the disturbers of his peace, requested courteously to be told what was desired; then politely putting Lebedeff and Keller aside, he addressed an old gentleman who was standing on the verandah steps at the head of the band of would-be guests, and courteously requested him to honour him with a visit.
He despised gadding about; he looked upon coaches as things that ought to be indicted; as disturbers of the peace of mankind; as restless, bustling, busy, horn-blowing contrivances, quite beneath the dignity of men, and only suited to giddy girls that did nothing but chatter and go a-shopping.
Who was crucified--think of it--for an incendiary and a disturber of the social order
How shall he ever know well that he is and does as an officer of the government, or as a man, until he is obliged to consider whether he will treat me, his neighbor, for whom he has respect, as a neighbor and well-disposed man, or as a maniac and disturber of the peace, and see if he can get over this obstruction to his neighborlines without a ruder and more impetuous thought or speech corresponding with his action.
I listened doubtingly an instant; detected the disturber, then turned and dozed, and dreamt again: if possible, still more disagreeably than before.
Heed not that, dear Altisidora," replied a voice; "the duchess is no doubt asleep, and everybody in the house save the lord of thy heart and disturber of thy soul; for just now I perceived him open the grated window of his chamber, so he must be awake; sing, my poor sufferer, in a low sweet tone to the accompaniment of thy harp; and even if the duchess hears us we can lay the blame on the heat of the night.
Meriem glanced lazily over her shoulder at the excited disturber of her peace.
The recollection of what had been done for William was always the most powerful disturber of every decision against Mr.
It was by no means lovely, but as the man gathered up his reins he called it a Moon of Paradise, a Disturber of Integrity, and a few other fantastic epithets which doubled her up with mirth.