In other words, the resulting expected disutility
of running away should be large enough to make Equation 1 hold.
This absence of monetary prices in the NHS, coupled with the limited scope of an alternative private market in which price is positive, means that the disutility
of waiting-list time cannot be inferred from observed actions in the market.
Next, Houmanidis discusses Jevons' marginalism, which includes the marginal disutility
Perhaps it is simply the fact that our courses all too frequently are based on what the Supreme Court happens to be interested in, and it has, of course, had little or nothing to say about equal representation in the Senate, the life tenure of the justices, the ineligibility of a non-native-born citizen to be President, or the disutility
of Article V.
For example, William Donnelly(3) considers the disutility
of location in a floodplain and the effect of that disutility
on property value.
Does the Middle East's presumed "exceptionalism" imply the disutility
of "civil society" as a tool for political analysis?
The reason trips are valued is that travel time may be a source of utility or disutility
to the individual; thus, this model does not impose the common but often criticized assumption that the marginal utility of travel is zero.
Our work highlights the impact of these variations on the customer disutility
and transportation cost.
The health economics analyses measured the costs of insulin, needles, blood glucose tests, hypoglycaemic events and disutility
for various hypoglycaemic events, populating an NHS-focused cost-effectiveness model.
In particular, the expected disutility
depends on the counterparty's situation.
We assume that consumers prefer freeness to ad-less contents so the marginal disutility
caused by one more euro is greater than the disutility
caused by one more unit of ad.
A broader implication is that "good deals" can lure people into making purchases of little value later on, resulting in disutility
and sunk-cost problems.