The vertical axes measure the strength of the individual's tendency to avoid the negative consequences of seeking care (Choice A) and the strength of the individual's tendency to avoid the disutility
of illness (Choice B) that may accompany a decision to avoid care seeking.
In other words, the sole justification for continuing the talks, according to Khamenehi, is that they prove the disutility
of talking to the United States.
If experts receive a small amount of disutility
from mismatching the action and the state--due to guilt from lying, a fear of God or audits, or because their underlying cost structure depends on the state--then all equilibrium strategy profiles in the paper remain equilibria.
Welfare stigma Disutility
from welfare Type I ([[bar.
This model provides a possible explanation for what motivates corporate payout smoothing, but we do not directly explore the sources of this disutility
imposed on the manager.
Following Blanchard (2004), heterogeneity across individuals stems from the marginal disutility
individuals obtain from non leisure activities, i.
Consumers face a disutility
from purchasing an imperfectly matching insurance product.
There is nothing in this framework that requires injury costs to be treated as supply costs; under appropriate conditions they could be treated as part of the disutility
of the AUR temporary health state was evaluated from published utilities,[sup.
In the framework studied here, with linear disutility
of effort and the productivity of the agent being a distributed lag of past efforts, we provide an example with a simple solution.
The second classical postulate Keynes identified was that the "real wage is equal to the marginal disutility
s](h;[xi]) are correspondingly two different functions indicating the period disutility
from working for the two types.