32) The rule-sensitive particularist acts on his first-order practical reason, but his first-order practical reason takes into account the value of having rules and the consequent disvalue
of undermining the rules by flouting them, which occurs if one's flouting the rules leads others to follow suit.
Shulman's argument rests on the assumption that value and disvalue
are symmetrical with regard to such optimized states.
States of affairs consisting in some agent standing in an attitudinal relation to some other state of affairs are regular old states of affairs like any other, and admit of some neutral value or disvalue
just like any other.
The above argument hinges upon the normative disvalue
of suffering; that is, the value theory that underlies Buddhist ethics assumes that preventing suffering is justified.
The Turks held a caveman's view that human society is composed of warring ethnic groups or tribes, that moral value or disvalue
is bestowed by ethnic membership, that individual members of a rival or disfavored tribe hold no value regardless of their intellectual achievement or moral stature, and that such "ethnic inferiors" or "tribal enemies" may be mercilessly and ceaselessly massacred.
56) To Geistfeld, the Pareto principle is appealing because it embodies a form of compensation that can be used to define a compensatory tort rule "that limits (nonconsensual) compensatory exchanges to forms of risky behavior that do not disvalue
the autonomy of those threatened by the behavior.
As well as the recognition of the subject in its individuality occurs from a social perspective, the disregard of peculiarities of the subject takes place as a result of social disvalue
ascribed to it.
The acquittal of Salah's murderer indicates that the regime is protecting killers of a certain faction in the society", Al Wefaq stated, "this illustrates the regime's disvalue
of the lives of Bahrainis".
The problem of natural disvalue
presents a substantial difficulty for Pali Buddhist environmentalism, which I define as the concern to locate an environmentally sound philosophy in the doctrines of the Pali canon.
For a general comparison such as we are making, one should examine the value or disvalue
of a year in prison to the average potential antitrust violator.
45) Hence, integrity becomes just another of the considerations that must be factored into the complex moral calculus and weighed with the disvalue
of complicity, the consequences of different courses of action, and the patient's preferences.
This, in turn, implies that he has to disvalue
and make a rights-claim against aggression, coercion and violence.