dose


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dose

 (dōs)
n.
1.
a. A specified quantity of a therapeutic agent, such as medicine, prescribed to be taken at one time or at stated intervals.
b. The amount of radiation administered as therapy to a given site.
2. An ingredient added, especially to wine, to impart flavor or strength.
3. An amount, especially of something unpleasant, to which one is subjected: a dose of hard luck.
4. Slang A venereal infection.
tr.v. dosed, dos·ing, dos·es
1. To give (someone) a dose, as of medicine.
2. To give or prescribe (medicine) in specified amounts.

[French, from Late Latin dosis, from Greek, something given, from didonai, to give; see dō- in Indo-European roots.]

dos′er n.

dose

(dəʊs)
n
1. (Pharmacology) med a specific quantity of a therapeutic drug or agent taken at any one time or at specified intervals
2. informal something unpleasant to experience: a dose of influenza.
3. (General Physics) Also called: dosage the total energy of ionizing radiation absorbed by unit mass of material, esp of living tissue; usually measured in grays (SI unit) or rads
4. (Brewing) Also called: dosage a small amount of syrup added to wine, esp sparkling wine, when the sediment is removed and the bottle is corked
5. (Pathology) slang a venereal infection, esp gonorrhoea
6. like a dose of salts very quickly indeed
vb (tr)
7. (Medicine) to administer a dose or doses to (someone)
8. (Pharmacology) med to give (a therapeutic drug or agent) in appropriate quantities
9. (Pharmacology) (often foll by up) to give (someone, esp oneself) drugs, medicine, etc, esp in large quantities
10. (Brewing) to add syrup to (wine) during bottling
[C15: from French, from Late Latin dosis, from Greek: a giving, from didonai to give]
ˈdoser n

dose

(doʊs)

n., v. dosed, dos•ing. n.
1. a quantity of medicine prescribed to be taken at one time.
2. an intense and often disagreeable experience: a dose of bad luck.
3. an amount of sugar solution added in the production of sparkling wine.
4. the amount of radiation to which something has been exposed or the amount that has been absorbed by a given mass of material, esp. living tissue.
5. Slang. a case of gonorrhea.
v.t.
6. to give a dose of medicine to.
7. to administer in doses.
8. to add sugar to (wine) during production.
v.i.
9. to take a dose of medicine.
[1590–1600; earlier dos < Late Latin dosis < Greek dósis act of giving, dose =(di)dó(nai) to give + -sis -sis]
dos′er, n.

dose


Past participle: dosed
Gerund: dosing

Imperative
dose
dose
Present
I dose
you dose
he/she/it doses
we dose
you dose
they dose
Preterite
I dosed
you dosed
he/she/it dosed
we dosed
you dosed
they dosed
Present Continuous
I am dosing
you are dosing
he/she/it is dosing
we are dosing
you are dosing
they are dosing
Present Perfect
I have dosed
you have dosed
he/she/it has dosed
we have dosed
you have dosed
they have dosed
Past Continuous
I was dosing
you were dosing
he/she/it was dosing
we were dosing
you were dosing
they were dosing
Past Perfect
I had dosed
you had dosed
he/she/it had dosed
we had dosed
you had dosed
they had dosed
Future
I will dose
you will dose
he/she/it will dose
we will dose
you will dose
they will dose
Future Perfect
I will have dosed
you will have dosed
he/she/it will have dosed
we will have dosed
you will have dosed
they will have dosed
Future Continuous
I will be dosing
you will be dosing
he/she/it will be dosing
we will be dosing
you will be dosing
they will be dosing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been dosing
you have been dosing
he/she/it has been dosing
we have been dosing
you have been dosing
they have been dosing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been dosing
you will have been dosing
he/she/it will have been dosing
we will have been dosing
you will have been dosing
they will have been dosing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been dosing
you had been dosing
he/she/it had been dosing
we had been dosing
you had been dosing
they had been dosing
Conditional
I would dose
you would dose
he/she/it would dose
we would dose
you would dose
they would dose
Past Conditional
I would have dosed
you would have dosed
he/she/it would have dosed
we would have dosed
you would have dosed
they would have dosed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dose - a measured portion of medicine taken at any one timedose - a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time
booster dose, booster shot, recall dose, booster - an additional dose that makes sure the first dose was effective
draught, draft - a dose of liquid medicine; "he took a sleeping draft"
hit - a dose of a narcotic drug
lethal dose - the size dose that will cause death
medicament, medication, medicinal drug, medicine - (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
lozenge, pill, tablet, tab - a dose of medicine in the form of a small pellet
2.dose - the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one timedose - the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time
indefinite quantity - an estimated quantity
3.dose - a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact
contagion, contagious disease - any disease easily transmitted by contact
genital herpes, herpes genitalis - an infection caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) that is usually transmitted by sexual contact; marked by recurrent attacks of painful eruptions on the skin and mucous membranes of the genital area
gonorrhea, gonorrhoea, clap - a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful urination and pain around the urethra
granuloma inguinale, granuloma venereum - a venereal disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Calymmatobacterium; characterized by a pimply rash of the skin in the genital and groin region
lues, lues venerea, pox, syph, syphilis - a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages; can be congenital (transmitted through the placenta)
LGV, lymphogranuloma venereum, lymphopathia venereum - infectious disease caused by a species of chlamydia bacterium; transmitted by sexual contact; characterized by genital lesions and swelling of lymph nodes in the groin
chlamydia - a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia
4.dose - street name for lysergic acid diethylamidedose - street name for lysergic acid diethylamide
LSD, lysergic acid diethylamide - a powerful hallucinogenic drug manufactured from lysergic acid
Verb1.dose - treat with an agent; add (an agent) to; "The ray dosed the paint"
process, treat - subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition; "process cheese"; "process hair"; "treat the water so it can be drunk"; "treat the lawn with chemicals" ; "treat an oil spill"
2.dose - administer a drug to; "They drugged the kidnapped tourist"
practice of medicine, medicine - the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries; "he studied medicine at Harvard"
anaesthetise, anaesthetize, anesthetise, anesthetize, put under, put out - administer an anesthetic drug to; "The patient must be anesthetized before the operation"; "anesthetize the gum before extracting the teeth"
medicine, medicate - treat medicinally, treat with medicine
dope up, dope - give a narcotic to; "The athletes were dope by the coach before the race"
o.d., overdose - dose too heavily; "The rock star overdosed and was found dead in his hotel room"
narcotise, narcotize - administer narcotics to
poison - administer poison to; "She poisoned her husband but he did not die"

dose

noun
1. measure, amount, allowance, portion, prescription, ration, draught, dosage, potion A dose of penicillin can wipe out infection.
2. quantity, amount, lot, measure, supply, portion a healthy dose of self-confidence
3. attack, spell, bout, stroke, burst, outbreak, flare-up, eruption I had a bad dose of flu.

dose

verb
To administer or add a drug to:
Informal: dope (up).
Translations
جُرْعَةجُرْعَةُ دَواءجُرْعَةٌ منيُعْطي جُرْعَة دَواء
dávkanáporpodat dávku
dosisomgangdosere
annus
annoslääkeannos
doza
gyógyszerelkellemetlen dolog
lyfjaskammtursetja á lyfjagjöfskammtur; kast
服用量
복용량
dozėduotiporcija
devadot zāļu devu
odmerek
dos
ปริมาณยาที่ให้แต่ละครั้ง
dozhoşa gitmeyen şeyilâç vermekberbat bir grip
liều

dose

[dəʊs]
A. N
1. [of medicine] → dosis f inv
like a dose of salts it went through her like a dose of saltsle hizo hacer de vientre en menos que canta un gallo
2. (fig) (= amount) → dosis f inv
in small dosesen pequeñas dosis or cantidades
3. [of flu] → ataque m
B. VT
1. (also dose up) → medicar (with con) to dose o.s. (up)medicarse (with con)
2. [+ wine] → adulterar

dose

[ˈdəʊs]
n
(MEDICINE) (= amount) [drug] → dose f; [radiation] → dose f
in small doses → à faible dose
(fig) [reality] → dose f
(British) (= attack)
my second dose of pneumonia → ma deuxième attaque de pneumonie
a dose of flu → une bonne grippe
vt
to dose o.s. → se bourrer de médicaments
to dose o.s with sth → se bourrer de qch
to dose sb with sth → administrer qch à qn

dose

n
(Med) → Dosis f; (fig, of punishment etc) → Ration f; give him a dose of medicinegib ihm Medizin; he needs a dose of his own medicine (fig)man sollte es ihm mit gleicher Münze heimzahlen; in small/large doses (fig)in kleinen/großen Mengen; she’s all right in small dosessie ist nur (für) kurze Zeit zu ertragen
(inf, = venereal disease) → Tripper m; to catch a dosesich (dat)etwas holen (inf), → sich (dat)den Tripper holen
(inf: = bout of illness) → Anfall m; she’s just had a dose of the flusie hat gerade Grippe gehabt
vt personArznei geben (+dat); I’ve tried dosing myself with cough mixtureich habe versucht, mich mit Hustensaft zu kurieren

dose

[dəʊs]
1. n (of medicine) → dose f (Brit) (of fever etc) → attacco
to get a dose of flu → prendersi l'influenza
in small doses (fig) → a piccole dosi
2. vt to dose sb with sthsomministrare qc a qn

dose

(dəus) noun
1. the quantity of medicine etc to be taken at one time. It's time you had a dose of your medicine.
2. an unpleasant thing (especially an illness) which one is forced to suffer. a nasty dose of flu.
verb
to give medicine to. She dosed him with aspirin.
ˈdosage (-sidʒ) noun
the size of, or method of giving, a dose of medicine etc. What is the dosage for a child of five?

dose

جُرْعَة dávka dosis Dosis δόση dosis annos dose doza dose 服用量 복용량 dosis dose dawka dose доза dos ปริมาณยาที่ให้แต่ละครั้ง doz liều 剂量

dose

n. dosis, dosificación.
1. cantidad prescrita de medicina u otro agente terapéutico;
2. en medicina nuclear, una cantidad farmacéutica determinada;
absorbed ______ de absorción;
average ______ promedio, media;
bone marrow ______ de la médula ósea;
booster ______ de refuerzo;
cumulative ______ acumulada;
curative ______ curativa;
daily ______ diaria;
divided ______ dividida;
effective ______ efectiva;
equivalent ______ equivalente;
exposure ______ de exposición;
initial ______ inicial;
integral ______ integral;
lethal ______ letal;
maximal ______ máxima;
maximal permissible ___máxima ___ permitida;
maximum tolerated ______ máxima tolerable;
minimal ______ mínima;
minimal lethal ______ letal mínina;
minimal reacting ______ reactiva mínima;
optimum ______ óptima;
preventive ______ preventiva;
radiation ______ de radiación;
reduction ______ de reducción;
skin ______ dermal;
therapeutic ______ terapéutica;
tolerated ______ tolerada;
unit ______ individual;
volume ______ de volumen.

dose

n dosis f; high-dose* a or en dosis altas; low-dose* a or en dosis bajas, (birth control) de baja dosis; test — dosis de prueba
* There are at least 12 possible translations of this term using the prepositions a, en, or de; using singular or plural; and inverting the order of the adjective and noun. Using de implies a fundamental quality of the medication under discussion. All permutations are seen; the two listed the most common.
References in classic literature ?
I like old Sam so well, I think I'll try the second volume," returned Jo, hoping to propitiate him by accepting a second dose of Boswell's Johnson, as he had recommended that lively work.
Tom mixed a dose of the spirits which he carried with him, and this, forced between the pallid lips of the scientist, revived him.
Whipping and abuse are like laudanum; you have to double the dose as the sensibilities decline.
After threatening me thus, he gave me a very large dose of salts, telling me that I might remain in St.
Now, doctor, I shall take the liberty of administering a dose myself, on my own responsibility.
Earnshaw soon convinced him that he was alive still; Joseph hastened to administer a dose of spirits, and by their succour his master presently regained motion and consciousness.
Bring the kettle at a quarter to ten -- and if you don't get better in the course of the day, come to me, and I'll give you a dose of physic.
I made the patient swallow, with great difficulty, and after many efforts, the dose that I desired to give.
One great excellency in this tribe, is their skill at prognostics, wherein they seldom fail; their predictions in real diseases, when they rise to any degree of malignity, generally portending death, which is always in their power, when recovery is not: and therefore, upon any unexpected signs of amendment, after they have pronounced their sentence, rather than be accused as false prophets, they know how to approve their sagacity to the world, by a seasonable dose.
The ordinary dose is six of these rinds, and I had devoured twenty.
His mother put him to bed, and made some camomile tea; and she gave a dose of it to Peter!
Then he gave him a dose of opium to ensure a calm sleep.