doubt


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Related to doubt: Reasonable Doubt

doubt

 (dout)
v. doubt·ed, doubt·ing, doubts
v.tr.
1. To be undecided or skeptical about: began to doubt some accepted doctrines.
2. To tend to disbelieve; distrust: doubts politicians when they make sweeping statements.
3. To regard as unlikely: I doubt that we'll arrive on time.
4. Archaic To suspect; fear.
v.intr.
To be undecided or skeptical.
n.
1.
a. The state of being uncertain about the truth or reliability of something. See Synonyms at uncertainty.
b. often doubts A feeling of uncertainty or distrust: had doubts about his ability.
2. A point about which one is uncertain or skeptical: reassured me by answering my doubts.
3. The condition of being unsettled or unresolved: an outcome still in doubt.
Idioms:
beyond/without doubt
Without question; certainly; definitely.
no doubt
1. Certainly.
2. Probably.

[Middle English douten, from Old French douter, from Latin dubitāre, to waver; see dwo- in Indo-European roots.]

doubt′er n.
Usage Note: The choice of what conjunction to use following doubt and doubtful is a perennial usage problem. When doubt and doubtful indicate strong uncertainty, the Usage Panel prefers whether and that over if. In our 2008 survey, 51 percent indicated that they would use that, while 43 percent preferred whether in the following sentence: At one time it was doubtful [that/whether/if] the company could recover from its financial difficulties, but the government loan seems to have helped. Only 6 percent said they would favor if in this sentence, probably because if has a more informal tone. When the expectation for the outcome is negative, that tends to be used. Some 86 percent of the Panel prefer that in the sentence I doubt [that/whether/if] it will rain tomorrow (where the expectation is that it probably won't rain), with whether getting the preference of only 6 percent and if getting 7 percent. Note that, in certain kinds of sentences, the choice of conjunction can carry subtle differences in implication. That is the best choice when the truth of the clause following doubt is assumed, as in negative sentences and questions. Thus I never doubted for a minute that I would be rescued implies "I was certain that I would be rescued." By the same token, Do you doubt that you will be paid? may be understood as a rhetorical question meaning "Surely you believe that you will be paid," whereas Do you doubt whether you will be paid? expresses a genuine request for information (and might be followed by Because if you do, you should make the client post a bond). Note that it is also acceptable to omit that in these sentences: I doubt she will accept the nomination. In other cases, however, this distinction between whether and that is not always observed. · When doubt is negated to indicate belief or certainty, the clause following doubt is sometimes introduced with but that or simply but, as in I do not doubt but that they will come. This construction has been used by many fine writers, but some critics object to its use in formal writing. Dropping the but easily solves this problem. See Usage Notes at but, if.

doubt

(daʊt)
n
1. uncertainty about the truth, fact, or existence of something (esp in the phrases in doubt, without doubt, beyond a shadow of doubt, etc)
2. (often plural) lack of belief in or conviction about something: all his doubts about the project disappeared.
3. an unresolved difficulty, point, etc
4. (Philosophy) philosophy the methodical device, esp in the philosophy of Descartes, of identifying certain knowledge as the residue after rejecting any proposition which might, however improbably, be false
5. obsolete fear
6. give someone the benefit of the doubt to presume someone suspected of guilt to be innocent; judge leniently
7. no doubt almost certainly
vb
8. (tr; may take a clause as object) to be inclined to disbelieve: I doubt we are late.
9. (tr) to distrust or be suspicious of: he doubted their motives.
10. (intr) to feel uncertainty or be undecided
11. (tr; may take a clause as object) Scot to be inclined to believe
12. (tr) archaic to fear
13. I wouldn't doubt someone Irish I would expect nothing else from someone
[C13: from Old French douter, from Latin dubitāre]
ˈdoubtable adj
ˈdoubtably adv
ˈdoubter n
ˈdoubtingly adv
Usage: Where a clause follows doubt in a positive sentence, it was formerly considered correct to use whether (I doubt whether he will come ), but now if and that are also acceptable. In negative statements, doubt is followed by that: I do not doubt that he is telling the truth. In such sentences, but (I do not doubt but that he is telling the truth) is redundant

doubt

(daʊt)

v.t.
1. to be uncertain about; consider questionable or unlikely.
2. to distrust.
3. Archaic. to fear.
v.i.
4. to be uncertain.
n.
5. a feeling of uncertainty.
6. distrust or suspicion.
7. a situation causing uncertainty.
Idioms:
1. beyond (a or the shadow of) a doubt, with certainty; definitely.
2. in doubt, in a state of uncertainty.
3. no doubt,
a. probably.
b. certainly.
4. without doubt, certainly.
[1175–1225; Middle English douten < Anglo-French, Old French douter < Latin dubitāre to waver, hesitate, be uncertain (frequentative of Old Latin dubāre)]
doubt′a•ble, adj.
doubt′er, n.
doubt′ing•ly, adv.
usage: doubt and doubtful may be followed by a subordinate clause beginning with that, whether, or if. Usage guides generally distinguish among these three words when used in a positive sentence, recommending that to express conviction (I doubt that they meant to offend you) and whether and if to indicate uncertainty: It's doubtful whether (or if) anyone actually saw the notice. The expressions doubt but and doubt but that occur in all varieties of standard speech and writing: I don't doubt but (that) she is sincere. doubt but what occurs mainly in informal speech and writing: There's no doubt but what the frost will hurt the crops.

doubt

Doubt can be a noun or a verb.

1. 'doubt' used as a noun

If you have a doubt or doubts about something, you feel uncertain about it and you don't know if it is true or possible.

I had moments of doubt.
The report raises doubts about current methods.
2. 'no doubt'

If you have no doubts about something, you are certain that it is true.

Francesca had no doubts about the outcome of the trial.

If you say there is no doubt that something is true, you mean that it is certainly true.

There's no doubt that it's going to be difficult.

You must use a that-clause after there is no doubt. Don't use an if-clause or a whether-clause.

You add no doubt to a statement to say that you are assuming that something is true, although you can't really be certain about it.

As Jennifer has no doubt told you, we are leaving tomorrow.
The contract for this will no doubt be widely advertised.
3. 'doubt' used as a verb

If you doubt whether something is true or possible, you think it is probably not true or possible.

I doubt whether it would work.
I doubt if Alan will meet her.

If someone says that something is true, or asks you if something is true, you can show that you think it is unlikely by saying I doubt it.

'Do your family know you're here?' – 'I doubt it.'

Be Careful!
Don't say 'I doubt so'.

doubt


Past participle: doubted
Gerund: doubting

Imperative
doubt
doubt
Present
I doubt
you doubt
he/she/it doubts
we doubt
you doubt
they doubt
Preterite
I doubted
you doubted
he/she/it doubted
we doubted
you doubted
they doubted
Present Continuous
I am doubting
you are doubting
he/she/it is doubting
we are doubting
you are doubting
they are doubting
Present Perfect
I have doubted
you have doubted
he/she/it has doubted
we have doubted
you have doubted
they have doubted
Past Continuous
I was doubting
you were doubting
he/she/it was doubting
we were doubting
you were doubting
they were doubting
Past Perfect
I had doubted
you had doubted
he/she/it had doubted
we had doubted
you had doubted
they had doubted
Future
I will doubt
you will doubt
he/she/it will doubt
we will doubt
you will doubt
they will doubt
Future Perfect
I will have doubted
you will have doubted
he/she/it will have doubted
we will have doubted
you will have doubted
they will have doubted
Future Continuous
I will be doubting
you will be doubting
he/she/it will be doubting
we will be doubting
you will be doubting
they will be doubting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been doubting
you have been doubting
he/she/it has been doubting
we have been doubting
you have been doubting
they have been doubting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been doubting
you will have been doubting
he/she/it will have been doubting
we will have been doubting
you will have been doubting
they will have been doubting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been doubting
you had been doubting
he/she/it had been doubting
we had been doubting
you had been doubting
they had been doubting
Conditional
I would doubt
you would doubt
he/she/it would doubt
we would doubt
you would doubt
they would doubt
Past Conditional
I would have doubted
you would have doubted
he/she/it would have doubted
we would have doubted
you would have doubted
they would have doubted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.doubt - the state of being unsure of somethingdoubt - the state of being unsure of something
cognitive state, state of mind - the state of a person's cognitive processes
arriere pensee, mental reservation, reservation - an unstated doubt that prevents you from accepting something wholeheartedly
distrust, mistrust, suspicion, misgiving - doubt about someone's honesty
disbelief, incredulity, mental rejection, skepticism - doubt about the truth of something
indecision, indecisiveness, irresolution - doubt concerning two or more possible alternatives or courses of action; "his indecision was only momentary but the opportunity was lost"
peradventure - doubt or uncertainty as to whether something is the case; "this proves beyond peradventure that he is innocent"
suspense - an uncertain cognitive state; "the matter remained in suspense for several years"
2.doubt - uncertainty about the truth or factuality or existence of something; "the dubiousness of his claim"; "there is no question about the validity of the enterprise"
uncertainness, uncertainty, precariousness - being unsettled or in doubt or dependent on chance; "the uncertainty of the outcome"; "the precariousness of his income"
Verb1.doubt - consider unlikely or have doubts about; "I doubt that she will accept his proposal of marriage"
disbelieve, discredit - reject as false; refuse to accept
2.doubt - lack confidence in or have doubts about; "I doubt these reports"; "I suspect her true motives"; "she distrusts her stepmother"
distrust, mistrust, suspect - regard as untrustworthy; regard with suspicion; have no faith or confidence in

doubt

verb
1. be uncertain, question, query, be sceptical, have reservations about, be dubious They doubted whether that could happen.
2. waver, hesitate, vacillate, sway, fluctuate, dither (chiefly Brit.), haver, oscillate, chop and change, blow hot and cold (informal), keep changing your mind, shillyshally (informal), be irresolute or indecisive, swither (Scot.) Stop doubting and start loving.
3. disbelieve, question, challenge, suspect, dispute, query, distrust, mistrust, cast doubt on, have doubts about, lack confidence in, have misgivings about, misgive I have no reason to doubt his word.
disbelieve believe, accept, trust, buy (slang), swallow (informal), take on board, have faith in
in doubt doubtful, unsettled, undecided, unconfirmed, up in the air, in limbo, open to question The outcome was still in doubt.
no doubt certainly, surely, probably, of course, admittedly, doubtless, unquestionably, assuredly, doubtlessly No doubt I'm biased.
Quotations
"There lives more faith in honest doubt,"
"Believe me, than in half the creeds" [Alfred Tennyson In Memoriam A.H.H.]
"I show you doubt, to prove that faith exists" [Robert Browning Balaustion's Adventure]
"If a man will begin with certainties, he shall end in doubts; but if he will be content to begin with doubts, he shall end in certainties" [Francis Bacon The Advancement of Learning]
"Our doubts are traitors"
"And make us lose the good we oft might win"
"By fearing to attempt" [William Shakespeare Measure for Measure]
"Doubt of the reality of love ends by making us doubt everything" [Henri Frédéric Amiel Journal]

doubt

verb
1. To be uncertain, disbelieving, or skeptical about:
Idiom: have one's doubts.
2. To lack trust or confidence in:
noun
Translations
شكشَك، إرْتِياب، تَشَكُّكشَكّيَرْتاَبُيَشُكُّ
pochybnostpochybovatmít pochybnostinejistotapochyba
tvivltvivle
kõhklemakõhklus
epäilläepäilyepäröinti
sumnjasumnjati
kétség
efa, efast umefast umefi, vafi, vafamál
疑う疑問する訝しむ疑い
의심의심하다
dubitare
abejotiabejotinaiabejotinasbe abejonėsdvejoti
apšaubītšaubasšaubīties
mať pochybnosti
dvomdvomiti
tviveltvivla
ความสงสัยสงสัย
kuşkukuşku duymaksanmamakşüpheşüphe etmek
nghi ngờsự nghi ngờ

doubt

[daʊt]
A. N (= uncertainty, qualm) → duda f
there is some doubt about itsobre esto existen dudas
beyond doubtfuera de duda
beyond all reasonable doubtmás allá de toda duda
to cast doubt onponer en duda
to clear up sb's doubtssacar a algn de dudas
to have one's doubts about sthtener sus dudas acerca de algo
to be in doubt [person] → tener dudas, dudar; [sb's honesty etc] → ser dudoso
she was in doubt whether todudaba si ...
the matter is still in some doubtel caso sigue siendo dudoso
if or when in doubten caso de duda
no doubt!¡sin duda!
no doubt he will comeseguro que viene
there is no doubt of thatde eso no cabe duda
there is no doubt thates indudable que, no cabe duda de que
I have no doubt that it is trueno me cabe duda de que es verdad
let there be no doubt about itque nadie dude de esto
the marks left no doubt about how he diedlas señales no dejaban lugar a dudas sobre cómo murió
to throw doubt onponer en duda
without (a) doubtsin duda (alguna)
see also plant B2
B. VT
1. [+ truth of statement etc] → dudar
I doubt it very muchlo dudo mucho
I never doubted younunca tuve dudas acerca de ti
to doubt sb's loyaltydudar de la lealtad de algn
2. (= be uncertain) to doubt whether or ifdudar si
I don't doubt that he will comeno dudo que vaya a venir
C. VIdudar
doubting Thomas (fig) → incrédulo/a m/f, escéptico/a m/f

doubt

[ˈdaʊt]
n (= uncertainty) → doute m
I have my doubts → J'ai des doutes.
to raise doubts about sth → susciter des doutes à propos de qch
there can be little doubt that ... → il y a peu de doute (pour) que ...
without doubt, without a doubt → sans aucun doute
to be in doubt (= unsure) [person] → avoir des doutes (= uncertain) [thing] → incertain(e)
to be beyond doubt [ability] → être hors de doute; [result] → être sans appel
By the interval, the result was beyond doubt → À la mi-temps, le score était sans appel.
to show beyond doubt that ... → démontrer de manière irréfutable que ...
to show sth beyond doubt → démontrer amplement qch
to prove sth beyond doubt → prouver qch de manière irréfutable
to know beyond doubt that ... → avoir l'intime conviction que ...
no doubt (= probably) → sans doute
vt
(= consider unlikely) → douter de
I doubt it → J'en doute.
I doubt it very much → J'en doute fort.
to doubt (that) ... (= consider it unlikely that) → douter que ... + subj
I doubt he'll agree → Je doute qu'il soit d'accord.
I don't doubt that ... (= consider it likely that ...) → je ne doute pas que ...
to doubt if ..., to doubt whether ... (= consider it unlikely that) → douter que ... + subj
(= lack confidence in) [+ person] → douter de; [+ thing] → douter de
to doubt sb's word → douter de la parole de qn

doubt

nZweifel m; to have one’s doubts as to or about something(so) seine Bedenken hinsichtlich einer Sache (gen)haben; I have my doubts about herich habe bei ihr (so) meine Bedenken; I have no doubts about taking the jobich habe keine Bedenken, die Stelle anzunehmen; there’s no doubt about itdaran gibt es keinen Zweifel; I have no doubt about itich bezweifle das nicht; I have doubts whether he will comeich bezweifle, dass er kommt; to cast doubt on somethingetw in Zweifel ziehen; there is room for doubtes ist durchaus nicht sicher; to be open to doubtfragwürdig sein; his reputation is in doubtsein Ruf wird infrage or in Frage gestellt; to be in (some) doubt about somethingZweifel an etw (dat)haben; to be in little doubt as to somethingkeine Bedenken hinsichtlich einer Sache (gen)haben; I am in no doubt as to what or about what he meansich bin mir völlig im Klaren darüber, was er meint; the outcome is still in doubtdas Ergebnis ist noch ungewiss; when in doubtim Zweifelsfall; no doubt he will come tomorrowhöchstwahrscheinlich kommt er morgen; without (a) doubtohne Zweifel; I knew beyond doubt that …ich wusste ohne jeden Zweifel, dass …; it must be proved beyond reasonable doubtes muss ganz unzweifelhaft bewiesen werden
vtbezweifeln; sb’s honesty, truth of statementanzweifeln, Zweifel haben an (+dat); to doubt somebody’s wordjds Wort anzweifeln; I’m sorry I doubted you (what you said) → es tut mir leid, dass ich dir nicht geglaubt habe; (your loyalty etc) → es tut mir leid, dass ich an dir gezweifelt habe; I doubt it (very much)das möchte ich (doch stark) bezweifeln, das bezweifle ich (sehr); I don’t doubt itdas bezweifle ich (auch gar) nicht; I doubt whether he will comeich bezweifle, dass er kommen wird
viZweifel haben or hegen

doubt

[daʊt]
1. ndubbio
to be in doubt → essere in dubbio
without (a) doubt → senza dubbio
beyond doubt → fuor di dubbio
if in doubt → nell'incertezza, in caso di dubbio
no doubt he will come → è probabile che venga
there is no doubt of that → su questo non c'è dubbio
I have my doubts about whether he'll come → ho i miei dubbi che venga
2. vt
a. (truth of statement) → dubitare di
to doubt one's own eyes → non credere ai propri occhi
I doubt it very much → ne dubito proprio
you're a real doubting Thomas → sei proprio come San Tommaso
b. (be uncertain) to doubt whether or if or thatdubitare che + sub
I don't doubt that he will come → non dubito or non ho dubbi che verrà

doubt

(daut) verb
1. to feel uncertain about, but inclined not to believe. I doubt if he'll come now; He might have a screwdriver, but I doubt it.
2. not to be sure of the reliability of. Sometimes I doubt your intelligence!
noun
a feeling of not being sure and sometimes of being suspicious. There is some doubt as to what happened; I have doubts about that place.
ˈdoubtful adjective
1. feeling doubt; uncertain what to think, expect etc. He is doubtful about the future of the school.
2. able to be doubted; not clear. The outcome is doubtful; a doubtful result.
3. uncertain but rather unlikely, unhopeful etc. It is doubtful whether this will work; a doubtful improvement.
4. suspicious. He's rather a doubtful character.
ˈdoubtfully adverb
ˈdoubtfulness noun
ˈdoubtless adverb
probably. John has doubtless told you about me.
beyond doubt
certain(ly). Beyond doubt, they will arrive tomorrow; His honesty is beyond doubt.
in doubt
uncertain. The result of the dispute is still in doubt.
no doubt
surely; probably. No doubt you would like to see your bedroom; He will come back again tomorrow, no doubt.

doubt

شَكّ, يَرْتاَبُ pochybnost, pochybovat tvivl, tvivle Zweifel, zweifeln αμφιβάλω, αμφιβολία duda, dudar epäillä, epäily doute, douter sumnja, sumnjati dubbio, dubitare 疑い, 疑う 의심, 의심하다 twijfel, twijfelen tvil, tvile wątpliwość, zwątpić dúvida, duvidar сомневаться, сомнение tvivel, tvivla ความสงสัย, สงสัย kuşku, kuşku duymak nghi ngờ, sự nghi ngờ 怀疑, 疑惑

doubt

n. duda, incertidumbre.

doubt

n duda; vt dudar; I doubt that’s going to help..Dudo que vaya a ayudar.
References in classic literature ?
I always said she was a little saint," added Meg, as if there could be no further doubt of it.
Under the caress of his hands doubt and disbelief went out of the minds of the boys and they began also to dream.
For he's sure to come back that way--if he comes at all," declared Ned; "which I am beginning to doubt.
Even so," replied the stranger, making diligent use of his triangular castor, to produce a circulation in the close air of the woods, and leaving his hearers in doubt to which of the young man's questions he responded; when, however, he had cooled his face, and recovered his breath, he continued, "I hear you are riding to William Henry; as I am journeying thitherward myself, I concluded good company would seem consistent to the wishes of both parties.
The disposition of these vast sums by gentlemen wearing patched breeches awakened no sense of the ludicrous, nor did any doubt, reservation, or contingency enter into the plans of the charming enthusiasts themselves.
It would be bold, therefore, and possibly unjust, to venture a decisive opinion as to its merits; although it appears to have been at least a matter of doubt, whether Colonel Pyncheon's claim were not unduly stretched, in order to make it cover the small metes and bounds of Matthew Maule.
Another thing; I have heard it said, and I do not much doubt it, that if the jet is fairly spouted into your eyes, it will blind you.
No doubt he is a sensible man, and I suppose may have a natural talent forthinks strongly and clearlyand when he takes a pen in hand, his thoughts naturally find proper words.
Smith; and on this head I shall be no more disposed to question your judgment than to doubt your inclination.
His object was, no doubt, to obtain pecuniary assistance from Mrs.
Called away by this noise and outcry, they proceeded no farther with the scrutiny of the remaining books, and so it is thought that "The Carolea," "The Lion of Spain," and "The Deeds of the Emperor," written by Don Luis de Avila, went to the fire unseen and unheard; for no doubt they were among those that remained, and perhaps if the curate had seen them they would not have undergone so severe a sentence.
I am in doubt as to the propriety of making my first meditations in the place above mentioned matter of discourse; for these are so metaphysical, and so uncommon, as not, perhaps, to be acceptable to every one.