dour


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dour

 (do͝or, dour)
adj. dour·er, dour·est
1. Marked by sternness or harshness; forbidding: a dour, self-sacrificing life.
2. Silently ill-humored; gloomy: the proverbially dour New England Puritan.
3. Sternly obstinate; unyielding: a dour determination.

[Middle English, possibly from Middle Irish dúr, probably from Latin dūrus, hard; see deru- in Indo-European roots.]

dour′ly adv.
dour′ness n.
Usage Note: The word dour, which is etymologically related to duress and endure, traditionally rhymes with tour. The pronunciation that rhymes with sour is a standard variant that has been in use for more than a century. In our 1996 survey, 65 percent of the Usage Panel preferred the traditional pronunciation, and 33 percent preferred the variant. In our 2011 survey, opinion was almost evenly split, with 52 percent preferring the traditional pronunciation and 48 percent preferring the variant. These results suggest that the variant could overtake the traditional pronunciation in preference.

dour

(dʊə; ˈdaʊə)
adj
1. sullen
2. hard or obstinate
[C14: probably from Latin dūrus hard]
ˈdourly adv
ˈdourness n

dour

(dʊər, daʊər, ˈdaʊ ər)

adj.
1. sullen; gloomy.
2. severe; stern.
3. Scot. (of land) barren; rocky.
[1325–75; Middle English < Latin dūrus hard, severe]
dour′ly, adv.
dour′ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.dour - stubbornly unyieldingdour - stubbornly unyielding; "dogged persistence"; "dour determination"; "the most vocal and pertinacious of all the critics"; "a mind not gifted to discover truth but tenacious to hold it"- T.S.Eliot; "men tenacious of opinion"
obstinate, stubborn, unregenerate - tenaciously unwilling or marked by tenacious unwillingness to yield
2.dour - harshly uninviting or formidable in manner or appearance; "a dour, self-sacrificing life"; "a forbidding scowl"; "a grim man loving duty more than humanity"; "undoubtedly the grimmest part of him was his iron claw"- J.M.Barrie
unpleasant - disagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings ; "an unpleasant personality"; "unpleasant repercussions"; "unpleasant odors"
3.dour - showing a brooding ill humor; "a dark scowl"; "the proverbially dour New England Puritan"; "a glum, hopeless shrug"; "he sat in moody silence"; "a morose and unsociable manner"; "a saturnine, almost misanthropic young genius"- Bruce Bliven; "a sour temper"; "a sullen crowd"
ill-natured - having an irritable and unpleasant disposition

dour

dour

adjective
1. Cold and forbidding:
2. Broodingly and sullenly unhappy:
Translations

dour

[ˈdʊəʳ] ADJ (= grim) → adusto, arisco
a dour Scotun escocés adusto or arisco
a dour struggleuna batalla muy reñida

dour

[ˈdaʊər ˈdʊər] adj [person] → froid(e)

dour

adj (= silent, unfriendly)verdrießlich; strugglehart, hartnäckig

dour

[ˈdʊəʳ] adj (grim) → arcigno/a
References in classic literature ?
Past a dour plantation of gnarled spruces and a maple-fringed, sun-warm valley they found the "something" Gilbert was looking for.
The harbor was lying black and sullen under a dour November sky; the wet, dead leaves clung drenched and sodden to the window sills; but the little house was gay with firelight and spring-like with Anne's ferns and geraniums.
In all that time, sir, ye should have learned to know me: I'm a stiff man, and a dour man; but for what ye say the now -- fie, fie
But even watched pots will boil in the fulness of time, and finally Christmas day came, gray and dour and frost-bitten without, but full of revelry and rose-red mirth within.
He was a silent, precise man with a dour nature and a hard Aberdonian accent.
He managed to continue work till nine o'clock, and then marched dumb and dour to his chamber.
Warriors and chieftains pursued the duties of their vocations with dour faces, and little knots of them were collecting here and there and with frowns of anger discussing some subject that was uppermost in the minds of all.
Sir Paitrick cam' in at the fair beginning of it, and spoilt the collops, like the dour deevil he is
No more need be said of the place; for this sort of thing might have hap pened anywhere where there are ships, skippers, tugboats, and orphan nieces of indescribable splen dour.
And there stood Raffles in the silvery mist, laughing with his whole light heart, leaning back to get the full flavor of his mirth; and, nearer me, sturdy old Nab, dour and grim, with beads of dew on the hoary beard that had been lamp-black in our time.
He held my friend's card in his hand, and he looked up with no very pleased expression upon his dour features.
But if you think Chelsea are dour you haven't watched Liverpool where these days they reserve the loudest cheer for the full-time whistle.