down


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Related to down: down under, Party down

down 1

 (doun)
adv.
1.
a. From a higher to a lower place or position: hiked down from the peak.
b. Toward, to, or on the ground, floor, or bottom: tripped and fell down.
c. Downstairs: Let's go down and get some breakfast.
d. In or into a sitting, kneeling, or reclining position: knelt down; lying down.
e. In or into one's stomach: had trouble keeping his food down; washed down the pizza with soda.
f. In writing or a record: The reporter wrote the statement down. He's down as the best goal-scorer of his time.
g. In partial payment at the time of purchase: put $250 down on the new refrigerator.
h. Into or toward a secure position: nailed down the boards; bolted the furniture down.
2.
a. Toward or in the south; southward: flew down to Florida.
b. Away from a place considered central or a center of activity, such as a city or town: down on the farm; sent down to work at the firm's regional office.
c. To a specific location or source: tracking a rumor down.
3.
a. Toward or at a low or lower point on a scale: from the biggest down to the smallest.
b. From earlier times or people: tradition handed down from one generation to the next.
4.
a. To or at a lower intensity or amount: turned the volume down; prices going down.
b. To or in a reduced or concentrated form: pared the term paper down to five pages.
c. To or in a quiescent or subdued state: calmed down.
d. In or into an inactive or inoperative state: The generators went down at midnight.
e. To or into a lower or inferior condition, as of subjection, defeat, or disgrace: people kept down for decades.
5.
a. To an extreme degree; heavily: worn down by worry.
b. Seriously or vigorously: get down to the project at hand.
adj.
1.
a. Moving or directed downward: a down elevator.
b. Low or lower: Stock prices were down today.
c. Reduced; diminished: The wind is down.
d. Sports & Games Trailing an opponent: a team down 20 points in the last quarter; down two pawns in chess.
2.
a. Afflicted; sick: She's down with a bad cold.
b. Malfunctioning or not operating, especially temporarily: The computer is down.
c. Low in spirits; depressed: feeling down today.
3. Football
a. Not in play and at the place where offensive forward progress has stopped: The ball is down on the 50-yard line.
b. Not permitted to advance further in the play because forward progress has stopped, especially by being tackled. Used of a ball carrier.
4. Baseball Retired; out: two down in the last of the ninth.
5.
a. Completed; done: three exams down, two to go.
b. Learned or known perfectly: had the algebra problems down.
prep.
1.
a. In a descending direction along, upon, into, or through: rolled down the hill; floating down the river; flowed down the pipe.
b. In a sequential or temporal sequence: knowledge passed down the ages.
2. Along the course of: walking down the street.
3. In or at: The cans are stored down cellar.
n.
1.
a. A downward movement; descent: the downs of the rollercoaster ride.
b. A feeling of sadness or depression: His frequent downs made him hard to live with.
c. A misfortune or difficulty: went through a lot of ups and downs before succeeding.
2. Football Any of a series of four plays in American football or three plays in Canadian football during which a team must advance at least ten yards to retain possession of the ball.
v. downed, down·ing, downs
v.tr.
1. To bring, put, strike, or throw down: downed his opponent in the first round.
2. To swallow hastily; gulp: downed the glass of water.
3. Football To put (the ball) out of play by touching it to the ground or stepping out of bounds.
v.intr.
To go or come down; descend.
Idioms:
down on
Informal Hostile or negative toward; ill-disposed to: was down on jogging after his injury.
down on (one's) luck
Afflicted by misfortune.
down with
1. Used to express disapproval of someone or a wish to see someone removed from a position of authority: Down with the king!
2. Slang
a. Being in support of or agreement with something: "He was not, I detected, 'down with the revolution'" (Clarence Page).
b. Knowledgeable or aware of the latest trends or developments: a hipster who is down with the newest fads.

[Middle English doun, from Old English -dūne (as in ofdūne, downwards), from dūne, dative of dūn, hill; see dheuə- in Indo-European roots.]

down 2

 (doun)
n.
1. Fine, soft, fluffy feathers forming the first plumage of a young bird and underlying the contour feathers in certain adult birds.
2. Botany A covering of soft, short hairs, as on some leaves or fruit.
3. A soft, silky, or feathery substance, such as the first growth of a human beard.

[Middle English doun, from Old Norse dūnn.]

down 3

 (doun)
n.
1. often downs An expanse of rolling, grassy, treeless upland used for grazing.
2. often Down Any of several breeds of sheep having short wool, originally bred in the Downs of southern England.

[Middle English doune, from Old English dūn, hill; see dheuə- in Indo-European roots.]

down

(daʊn)
prep
1. used to indicate movement from a higher to a lower position: they went down the mountain.
2. at a lower or further level or position on, in, or along: he ran down the street.
adv
3. downwards; at or to a lower level or position: don't fall down.
4. (particle) used with many verbs when the result of the verb's action is to lower or destroy its object: pull down; knock down; bring down.
5. (particle) used with several verbs to indicate intensity or completion: calm down.
6. immediately: cash down.
7. on paper: write this down.
8. arranged; scheduled: the meeting is down for next week.
9. in a helpless position: they had him down on the ground.
10.
a. away from a more important place: down from London.
b. away from a more northerly place: down from Scotland.
c. (of a member of some British universities) away from the university; on vacation
d. in a particular part of a country: down south.
11. (Nautical Terms) nautical (of a helm) having the rudder to windward
12. reduced to a state of lack or want: down to the last pound.
13. lacking a specified amount: at the end of the day the cashier was ten pounds down.
14. (Commerce) lower in price: bacon is down.
15. including all intermediate terms, grades, people, etc: from managing director down to tea-lady.
16. from an earlier to a later time: the heirloom was handed down.
17. to a finer or more concentrated state: to grind down; boil down.
18. (General Sporting Terms) sport being a specified number of points, goals, etc behind another competitor, team, etc: six goals down.
19. (Medicine) (of a person) being inactive, owing to illness: down with flu.
20. (functioning as imperative) (to dogs): down Rover!.
21. down with (functioning as imperative) wanting the end of somebody or something: down with the king!.
22. get down on something Austral and NZ to procure something, esp in advance of needs or in anticipation of someone else
adj
23. (Psychology) (postpositive) depressed or miserable
24. (Railways) (prenominal) of or relating to a train or trains from a more important place or one regarded as higher: the down line.
25. (Computer Science) (postpositive) (of a device, machine, etc, esp a computer) temporarily out of action
26. (Commerce) made in cash: a down payment.
27. down to the responsibility or fault of: this defeat was down to me.
28. down with informal
a. having a good understanding of: down with computers.
b. in agreement with: completely down with that idea.
c. enjoying mutual friendship and respect with: down with the kids.
vb
29. (tr) to knock, push, or pull down
30. (intr) to go or come down
31. (tr) informal to drink, esp quickly: he downed three gins.
32. (Soccer) (tr) to bring (someone) down, esp by tackling
33. (Rugby) (tr) to bring (someone) down, esp by tackling
n
34. (Soccer) American football one of a maximum of four consecutive attempts by one team to advance the ball a total of at least ten yards
35. (Rugby) American football one of a maximum of four consecutive attempts by one team to advance the ball a total of at least ten yards
36. a descent; downward movement
37. a lowering or a poor period (esp in the phrase ups and downs)
38. have a down on informal to bear ill will towards (someone or something)
[Old English dūne, short for adūne, variant of of dūne, literally: from the hill, from of, off + dūn hill; see down3]

down

(daʊn)
n
1. (Zoology) the soft fine feathers with free barbs that cover the body of a bird and prevent loss of heat. In the adult they lie beneath and between the contour feathers
2. (Zoology) another name for eiderdown1
3. (Botany) botany a fine coating of soft hairs, as on certain leaves, fruits, and seeds
4. (Zoology) any growth or coating of soft fine hair, such as that on the human face
[C14: of Scandinavian origin; related to Old Norse dūnn]

down

(daʊn)
n
(Physical Geography) archaic a hill, esp a sand dune
[Old English dūn; related to Old Frisian dūne, Old Saxon dūna hill, Old Irish dūn fortress, Greek this sandbank; see dune, town]

Down

(daʊn)
n
1. (Placename) a district of SE Northern Ireland, in Co Down. Pop: 65 195 (2003 est). Area: 649 sq km (250 sq miles)
2. (Historical Terms) a historical county of SE Northern Ireland, on the Irish Sea: generally hilly, rising to the Mountains of Mourne: in 1973 it was replaced for administrative purposes by the districts of Ards, Banbridge, Castlereagh, Down, Newry and Mourne, North Down, and part of Lisburn. Area: 2466 sq km (952 sq miles)

Down

(daʊn)
n
1. (Breeds) any of various lowland breeds of sheep, typically of stocky build and having dense close wool, originating from various parts of southern England, such as Oxford, Hampshire, etc. See also Dorset Down
2. (Breeds) another name for Hampshire Down

down1

(daʊn)

adv.
1. from higher to lower; toward or into a lower position or level: Tell him to come down.
2. on or to the ground, floor, or the like: to fall down.
3. to or in a sitting or lying position.
4. to an area or district considered lower from a geographical standpoint, esp. southward: We drove down to San Diego.
5. to a lower value or rate: Slow down.
6. to a lesser pitch or volume: Turn down the radio.
7. in or to a calmer or less active state: The wind died down.
8. from an earlier to a later time.
9. from a greater to a lesser strength, amount, etc.: to water down a drink.
10. earnestly: to get down to work.
11. on paper: Write this down.
12. thoroughly; fully; completely.
13. in cash at the time of purchase: $50 down and $20 a month.
14. to the point of defeat or submission: to shout down the opposition.
15. to the source or actual position: to track someone down.
16. into a condition of ill health.
17. in or into a lower status or condition: kept down by lack of education.
18. Slang. on toast (as used at a lunch counter): Give me a tuna down.
prep.
19. in a descending or more remote direction on or along: They ran off down the street.
adj.
20. directed downward: the down escalator.
21. being at a low position or on the ground, floor, or bottom.
22. directed toward the south, a business district, etc.
23. downcast; depressed.
24. ailing or bedridden: to be down with a bad cold.
25. Football. (of the ball) not in play.
26. behind an opponent or opponents in points, games, etc.
27. having lost the amount indicated, esp. at gambling: to be down $10.
28. finished or taken care of: five down and one to go.
29. out of order: The computer is down again.
30. Slang.
a. aware; knowledgeable.
b. accepted or admired; excellent.
n.
31. a downward movement; descent.
32. a turn for the worse; reverse.
33. Football. one of a series of four plays during which a team must advance the ball at least 10 yd. (9 m) to keep possession of it.
v.t.
34. to knock, throw, or bring down.
35. to drink down, esp. quickly.
36. to defeat in a game or contest.
v.i.
37. to go down; fall.
interj.
38. get down (used as a command or warning).
Idioms:
1. down cold or pat, learned perfectly.
2. down in the mouth, discouraged or depressed.
3. down on, hostile or averse to.
4. down with, to remove from power or do away with (used imperatively): Down with the king!
[before 1100; Middle English doune, Old English dūne, aph. variant of adūne for of dūne off (the) hill; see a-2, down3]

down2

(daʊn)

n.
1. the soft first plumage of many young birds.
2. the soft under plumage of birds.
3. the under plumage of some birds, as geese and ducks, used for filling in quilts, clothing, etc., chiefly for warmth.
4. a fine, soft pubescence on plants and some fruits.
adj.
5. filled with down: a down jacket.
[1325–75; Middle English downe < Old Norse dūnn]
down′less, adj.
down′like`, adj.

down3

(daʊn)

n.
1. Often, downs. (esp. in southern England) open, rolling country usu. covered with grass.
2. (cap.) any sheep of several breeds raised orig. in the downs of S England, as the Suffolk.
[before 1000; Middle English; Old English dūn hill]

Down

(daʊn)

n.
a county in SW Northern Ireland. 311,876; 952 sq. mi. (2466 sq. km).

down

(doun)
Fine, fluffy feathers that cover a young bird and underlie the outer feathers of certain adult birds. Down feathers are fluffy because they do not have interlocking barbules like adult outer feathers.

down

In artillery and naval gunfire support:1. A term used in a call for fire to indicate that the target is at a lower altitude than the reference point used in identifying the target.
2. A correction used by an observer/spotter in time fire to indicate that a decrease in height of burst is desired.

Down

 a flock of sheep, etc.
Examples: down of hares; of sheep.

down


Past participle: downed
Gerund: downing

Imperative
down
down
Present
I down
you down
he/she/it downs
we down
you down
they down
Preterite
I downed
you downed
he/she/it downed
we downed
you downed
they downed
Present Continuous
I am downing
you are downing
he/she/it is downing
we are downing
you are downing
they are downing
Present Perfect
I have downed
you have downed
he/she/it has downed
we have downed
you have downed
they have downed
Past Continuous
I was downing
you were downing
he/she/it was downing
we were downing
you were downing
they were downing
Past Perfect
I had downed
you had downed
he/she/it had downed
we had downed
you had downed
they had downed
Future
I will down
you will down
he/she/it will down
we will down
you will down
they will down
Future Perfect
I will have downed
you will have downed
he/she/it will have downed
we will have downed
you will have downed
they will have downed
Future Continuous
I will be downing
you will be downing
he/she/it will be downing
we will be downing
you will be downing
they will be downing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been downing
you have been downing
he/she/it has been downing
we have been downing
you have been downing
they have been downing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been downing
you will have been downing
he/she/it will have been downing
we will have been downing
you will have been downing
they will have been downing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been downing
you had been downing
he/she/it had been downing
we had been downing
you had been downing
they had been downing
Conditional
I would down
you would down
he/she/it would down
we would down
you would down
they would down
Past Conditional
I would have downed
you would have downed
he/she/it would have downed
we would have downed
you would have downed
they would have downed

down

Any of four attempts by the offense (three in Canadian football) to advance the ball at least 10 yards by passing or running.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.down - soft fine feathers
feather, plumage, plume - the light horny waterproof structure forming the external covering of birds
duck down - down of the duck
goose down - down of the goose
swan's down - down of the swan
plumule - down feather of young birds; persists in some adult birds
2.down - (American football) a complete play to advance the football; "you have four downs to gain ten yards"
turn, play - (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession; "it is my turn"; "it is still my play"
American football, American football game - a game played by two teams of 11 players on a rectangular field 100 yards long; teams try to get possession of the ball and advance it across the opponents goal line in a series of (running or passing) plays
3.Down - English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)
4.down - (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil
plural, plural form - the form of a word that is used to denote more than one
highland, upland - elevated (e.g., mountainous) land
5.down - fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs)
hair - a covering for the body (or parts of it) consisting of a dense growth of threadlike structures (as on the human head); helps to prevent heat loss; "he combed his hair"; "each hair consists of layers of dead keratinized cells"
lanugo - the fine downy hair covering a human fetus; normally shed during the ninth month of gestation
Verb1.down - drink down entirelydown - drink down entirely; "He downed three martinis before dinner"; "She killed a bottle of brandy that night"; "They popped a few beer after work"
drink, imbibe - take in liquids; "The patient must drink several liters each day"; "The children like to drink soda"
2.down - eat immoderately; "Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal"
eat - take in solid food; "She was eating a banana"; "What did you eat for dinner last night?"
3.down - bring down or defeat (an opponent)
athletics, sport - an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition
defeat, get the better of, overcome - win a victory over; "You must overcome all difficulties"; "defeat your enemies"; "He overcame his shyness"; "He overcame his infirmity"; "Her anger got the better of her and she blew up"
4.down - shoot at and force to come down; "the enemy landed several of our aircraft"
5.down - cause to come or go down; "The policeman downed the heavily armed suspect"; "The mugger knocked down the old lady after she refused to hand over her wallet"
submarine - bring down with a blow to the legs
strike - deliver a sharp blow, as with the hand, fist, or weapon; "The teacher struck the child"; "the opponent refused to strike"; "The boxer struck the attacker dead"
6.down - improve or perfect by pruning or polishing; "refine one's style of writing"
ameliorate, improve, meliorate, amend, better - to make better; "The editor improved the manuscript with his changes"
overrefine, over-refine - refine too much or with excess of subtlety; "He is overrefining this matter"
civilise, civilize, school, cultivate, educate, train - teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment; "Cultivate your musical taste"; "Train your tastebuds"; "She is well schooled in poetry"
Adj.1.down - being or moving lower in position or less in some value; "lay face down"; "the moon is down"; "our team is down by a run"; "down by a pawn"; "the stock market is down today"
low - literal meanings; being at or having a relatively small elevation or upward extension; "low ceilings"; "low clouds"; "low hills"; "the sun is low"; "low furniture"; "a low bow"
descending - coming down or downward
up - being or moving higher in position or greater in some value; being above a former position or level; "the anchor is up"; "the sun is up"; "he lay face up"; "he is up by a pawn"; "the market is up"; "the corn is up"
2.down - extending or moving from a higher to a lower place; "the down staircase"; "the downward course of the stream"
descending - coming down or downward
3.down - becoming progressively lower; "the down trend in the real estate market"
falling - becoming lower or less in degree or value; "a falling market"; "falling incomes"
4.down - being put out by a strikeout; "two down in the bottom of the ninth"
out - not allowed to continue to bat or run; "he was tagged out at second on a close play"; "he fanned out"
5.down - understood perfectlydown - understood perfectly; "had his algebra problems down"
perfect - being complete of its kind and without defect or blemish; "a perfect circle"; "a perfect reproduction"; "perfect happiness"; "perfect manners"; "a perfect specimen"; "a perfect day"
6.down - lower than previously; "the market is depressed"; "prices are down"
low - less than normal in degree or intensity or amount; "low prices"; "the reservoir is low"
7.down - shut; "the shades were down"
lowered - below the surround or below the normal position; "with lowered eyes"
8.down - not functioning (temporarily or permanently); "we can't work because the computer is down"
inoperative - not working or taking effect; "an inoperative law"
9.down - filled with melancholy and despondency ; "gloomy at the thought of what he had to face"; "gloomy predictions"; "a gloomy silence"; "took a grim view of the economy"; "the darkening mood"; "lonely and blue in a strange city"; "depressed by the loss of his job"; "a dispirited and resigned expression on her face"; "downcast after his defeat"; "feeling discouraged and downhearted"
dejected - affected or marked by low spirits; "is dejected but trying to look cheerful"
Adv.1.down - spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position; "don't fall down"; "rode the lift up and skied down"; "prices plunged downward"
up, upward, upwardly, upwards - spatially or metaphorically from a lower to a higher position; "look up!"; "the music surged up"; "the fragments flew upwards"; "prices soared upwards"; "upwardly mobile"
2.down - away from a more central or a more northerly place; "was sent down to work at the regional office"; "worked down on the farm"; "came down for the wedding"; "flew down to Florida"
up - to a more central or a more northerly place; "was transferred up to headquarters"; "up to Canada for a vacation"
3.down - paid in cash at time of purchase; "put ten dollars down on the necklace"
4.down - from an earlier time; "the story was passed down from father to son"
5.down - to a lower intensity; "he slowly phased down the light until the stage was completely black"
up - to a higher intensity; "he turned up the volume"
6.down - in an inactive or inoperative state; "the factory went down during the strike"; "the computer went down again"

down

preposition
1. along, to the other end of, throughout the length of, from one end to the other of They set off at a jog down the street.
2. throughout, over, through, during This domination has extended gradually down the years.
adverb
1. downwards, from top to bottom, towards the bottom, downstairs We went down in the lift after the meeting.
adjective
2. not working, broken, broken down, defective, out of action, out of order, acting up, not functioning, on the blink (slang), on its last legs, kaput (informal), not in working order The computer's down again.
verb
1. (Informal) swallow, drink (down), knock back, sink (informal), drain, finish off, gulp (down), put away (informal), swig (informal), guzzle, quaff, polish off, toss off We downed several bottles of local wine.
2. bring down, fell, knock down, throw, trip, floor, tackle, deck (slang), overthrow, prostrate A bank guard shot him and downed him.
noun
1. fluff, nap, fuzz, pile, oose (Scot.) The plant is covered in fine down.
have a down on something or someone (Informal) be antagonistic or hostile to, be set against, have it in for (slang), be anti (informal), be prejudiced against, be contra (informal), bear a grudge towards, feel ill will towards She always had a down on me for some reason.

down

adjective
1. Characterized by reduced economic activity:
2. Suffering from or affected with an illness:
Informal: laid up.
Chiefly Regional: poorly.
noun
A sudden drop to a lower condition or status:
verb
1. To cause to fall, as from a shot or blow:
Slang: deck.
Idiom: lay low.
2. To swallow (food or drink) greedily or rapidly in large amounts:
Translations
أسْفَلإِلَى أَسْفَلإلى أسْفَلإلى حَجْمٍ أصْغَرإلى مَكان أدْنى
doledolůhodit do sebek jihuna zem
nednedadduni arvnede
lanugomalsupramalsuprenmalurbensuba
alasalaspäinallapäinuntuvaalakuloinen
duveten basfaire cul seclaisser tombernon-marche
dolje
felhajtlelehajt
áframdúnneftirhvolfa í sigí götuna, á jörîina
下へ
아래로
apakšāātri izdzertdūnalaikālejā
hodiť do sebanižšiepáperiepodaťvrátiť
dolspodajpogoltnitipuh
nerdunned
ลงต่ำ
aşağıaşağı bir yereaşağı doğruaşağıdaaşağıya
xuống

down

1 [daʊn]
When down is an element in a phrasal verb, eg back down, glance down, play down, look up the verb.
A. ADV
1. (physical movement) → abajo, hacia abajo; (= to the ground) → a tierra
there was snow all the way down to Londonestuvo nevando todo el camino hasta Londres
to fall downcaerse
I ran all the way downbajé toda la distancia corriendo
2. (static position) → abajo; (= on the ground) → por tierra, en tierra
to be down (Aer) → haber aterrizado, estar en tierra; [person] → haber caído, estar en tierra
I'll be down in a minuteahora bajo
he isn't down yet (eg for breakfast) → todavía no ha bajado
the blinds are downestan bajadas las persianas
the sun is downel sol se ha puesto
down belowallá abajo
down by the riverabajo en la ribera
down hereaquí (abajo)
down on the shoreabajo en la playa
down thereallí (abajo)
3. (Geog)
he came down from Glasgow to Londonha bajado or venido de Glasgow a Londres
to be down from collegehaber terminado el curso universitario
he lives down Southvive en el sur
down under (Brit) → en Australia o en Nueva Zelanda
to go down under (Brit) (= to Australia) → ir a Australia; (= to New Zealand) → ir a Nueva Zelanda
4. (in writing) write this downapunta esto
you're down for the next raceestás inscrito para la próxima carrera
you're down for Tuesdayte hemos apuntado para el martes
5. (in volume, degree, status) the tyres are downlos neumáticos están desinflados
his temperature is downle ha bajado la temperatura
the price of meat is downha bajado el precio de la carne
England are two goals downInglaterra está perdiendo por dos tantos
I'm £20 downhe perdido 20 libras
I'm down to my last cigaretteme queda un cigarrillo nada más
6. (indicating a series or succession) from the year 1600 down to the present daydesde el año 1600 hasta el presente
from the biggest down to the smallestdesde el más grande hasta el más pequeño
7. (= ill) I've been down with fluhe estado con gripe
8. down to: it's down to him (= due to, up to) → le toca a él, le incumbe a él
it's all down to us nowahora nosotros somos los únicos responsables
9. (as deposit) to pay £50 downpagar un depósito de 50 libras, hacer un desembolso inicial de 50 libras
10. (in exclamations) down!¡abajo!; (to dog) → ¡quieto!
down with traitors!¡abajo los traidores!
11. (= completed etc) one down, five to gouno en el bote y quedan cinco
12. (esp US) to be down on sbtener manía or inquina a algn
B. PREP
1. (indicating movement) he went down the hillfue cuesta abajo
to go down the roadir calle abajo
he's gone down the pubse ha ido al bar
looking down this road, you can seemirando carretera abajo, se ve ...
he ran his finger down the listpasó el dedo por la lista
the rain was running down the trunkla lluvia corría por el tronco
2. (= at a lower point on) he lives down the street (from us)vive en esta calle, más abajo de nosotros
down the agesa través de los siglos
face downboca abajo
down riverrío abajo (from de)
C. ADJ
1. (= depressed) → deprimido
2. (= not functioning) the computer is downel ordenador no funciona
the power lines are downlos cables de alta tensión están cortados
the telephone lines are downlas líneas de teléfono están cortadas
3. (Brit) [train, line] → de bajada
D. VT
1. [+ food] → devorar; [+ drink] → beberse (de un trago), tragarse
he downed a pint of beertragó una pinta de cerveza
2. [+ opponent] → tirar al suelo, echar al suelo; [+ plane] → derribar, abatir
to down tools (Brit) → declararse en huelga
E. N to have a down on sb (Brit) → tenerle manía or inquina a algn
F. CPD down bow N (Mus) → descenso m de arco
down cycle N (Econ) → ciclo m de caída
down payment N (Fin) (= initial payment) → entrada f; (= deposit) → desembolso m inicial

down

2 [daʊn] N (on bird) → plumón m, flojel m; (on face) → bozo m; (on body) → vello m; (on fruit) → pelusa f (Bot) → vilano m

down

3 [daʊn] N (Geog) → colina f
the Downs (Brit) → las Downs (colinas del sur de Inglaterra)

down

[ˈdaʊn]
adv
(= at a lower level) → en bas
His office is down on the first floor → Son bureau est en bas, au premier étage.
further down → plus bas
down there → là-bas
It's down there → C'est là-bas.
down here → ici
(= further south)
They live down in London → Ils habitent dans le sud, à Londres.
(= behind) two goals down
England are two goals down → L'Angleterre a deux buts de retard.
(= as a deposit) to pay £200 down (refundable)verser 200 livres d'arrhes; (not refundable)verser 200 livres d'acompte
down with ...! (= bad luck to) → à bas ... !
prep
(= at a lower level of) [+ cliff, mountain, slope] → en contrebas de
(= further along) → plus loin
down the street → plus loin dans cette rue
a few miles down the road → à quelques kilomètres d'ici
just down the road → à deux pas d'ici
They live just down the road → Ils habitent à deux pas.
vt
[+ enemy] → abattre
[+ drink] → descendre
(= put down) to down tools (British)cesser le travail
adj
(= depressed) to feel down → avoir le cafard
I'm feeling a bit down → J'ai un peu le cafard.
[computer] (= out of order) → en panne
The computer's down → L'ordinateur est en panne.
(= written) → noté(e)
to be down in, to be down on [+ calendar, diary, notebook] → être noté(e) dans
I've got it down in my diary → C'est marqué dans mon agenda.
(= booked)
Mark told me he was down for an interview → Mark m'a dit qu'il avait un entretien.
Our son was down for a three-hour session in football → Notre fils avait un entraînement de football de trois heures.
(= attributable) to be down to sth → être dû(e) à qch
It's all down to hard work → Tout cela est dû à un travail acharné.
(= less)
The price of meat is down → Le prix de la viande a baissé.
(= reduced to) [+ amount of money]
I'm down to my last five pounds → Il ne me reste plus que 5 livres.
(= finished) five down, two to go → cinq de faits, encore deux à faire
n
(= fluff) → duvet m
(= hill) → colline f (dénudée)down-and-out [ˌdaʊnənˈaʊt] n (= tramp) → SDF mfdown-at-heel [ˌdaʊnətˈhiːl] adj [person] → mal fagoté(e); [district, building] → miteux/euse

down

:
down-and-out
n (= tramp)Penner(in) m(f) (inf)
adjheruntergekommen; appearance alsoabgerissen
down arrow
n (Comput) → Abwärtspfeil m
downbeat
n Taktstockführung, die den ersten betonten Taktteil anzeigt, → erster Taktteil
adj (fig) endingundramatisch; moodgedrückt
down-bow
n (Mus) → Abstrich m
downcast
adj
(= depressed) person, expressionniedergedrückt, entmutigt
eyesniedergeschlagen; lookgesenkt
n (Min) → Wetterschacht m
downdraught, (US) downdraft
n (Met) → Fallwind m; (Tech) → Fallstrom m

down

:
downfall
n
Sturz m, → Fall m; (of empire)Fall m, → Untergang m; (= cause of ruin: drink etc) → Ruin m
downgrade
n (Rail) → Gefälle nt; to be on the down (fig)auf dem absteigenden Ast sein; (health, quality)sich verschlechtern
vt hotel, job, workherunterstufen; persondegradieren
down-hearted
downhill
adv (lit, fig)bergab; to go down (road)bergab führen or gehen; (vehicle)herunterfahren; (person on foot)heruntergehen; he/his health/the economy is going downmit ihm/seiner Gesundheit/der Wirtschaft geht es bergab; things just went steadily downes ging immer mehr bergab
adj
road, pathbergab führend; down slopeAbhang m; the path is down for two milesder Weg führt zwei Meilen bergab; the down path to drug addictionder abschüssige Weg in die Drogensucht; they had not noticed her gradual down pathsie hatten nicht bemerkt, wie es mit ihr langsam bergab ging; it’s all down (after thirty) (= gets worse)es geht (ab dreißig) nur noch bergab; it was down all the way or all down after that (= got easier)danach wurde alles viel einfacher
(Ski) down competition or raceAbfahrtslauf m; down courseAbfahrtsstrecke f; down skiingAbfahrtslauf m
n (Ski) → Abfahrtslauf m

down

:
downlighter
nDeckenstrahler m
down line
n (Rail) Eisenbahnlinie von der Stadt aufs Land oder aus der Hauptstadt heraus
download (Comput)
vt(herunter)laden
vi it won’t downRunterladen ist nicht möglich
n (= downloading)Herunterladen nt, → Download m (inf)
attr font, characterladbar
downloadable
adj (Comput) → ladbar
down-low
adj (esp US inf) → geheim
down-market
adj productfür den Massenmarkt; serviceweniger anspruchsvoll; this restaurant is more downdieses Restaurant ist weniger exklusiv
adv to go downsich auf den Massenmarkt ausrichten
down payment
n (Fin) → Anzahlung f
downpipe
nAbflussrohr nt, → Fallrohr nt
downplay
downpour
nPlatzregen m, → Wolkenbruch m
downright
adv dangerous, silly, hostile, dull etcausgesprochen; rude, disgustinggeradezu
adj a down lieeine glatte Lüge; his down rudenessseine ausgesprochene Unverschämtheit
downriver
advflussabwärts (from von); down from Bonnunterhalb von Bonn
downscale (esp US)
vt workforce etcreduzieren, verkleinern
adj goods, productsminderwertig, wenig anspruchsvoll; servicemangelhaft; restaurant, hotelder unteren Preisklasse
downshift
vi in eine schlechter bezahlte Stelle überwechseln, → runterschalten (inf)
downside
nKehrseite f
downsize
vt business, workforceverkleinern; downd economy durch Rationalisierung und Stellenabbau gekennzeichnete wirtschaftliche Lage
vi (company) → sich verkleinern
downsizing (Comput)
nDownsizing nt; (Comm also) → Stellenabbau m
downspout
nAbflussrohr nt, → Fallrohr nt

down

:
downstage
adv (= towards the front of the stage)zum vorderen Teil der Bühne; (= at the front of the stage)im vorderen Teil der Bühne
downstairs
adv go, comenach unten, die Treppe hinunter; falldie Treppe hinunter; be, sleep, eat etcunten
adj the down phone/roomsdas Telefon/die Zimmer unten; down flat (Brit) or apartmentParterrewohnung f; our down neighbours (Brit) or neighbors (US) → die Nachbarn unter uns; the woman/the people downdie Frau/die Leute von unten
n the downdas Erdgeschoss
downstate (US)
adjim Süden (des Bundesstaates); in down Illinoisim Süden von Illinois
adv move, goin den Süden (des Bundesstaates); live, be situatedim Süden (des Bundesstaates)
nder Süden (des Bundesstaates)
downstream
advflussabwärts, stromabwärts (from von)
downstroke
n (in writing) → Abstrich m; (Mech, of piston) → Ansaugtakt m
downswept
adj wingsabwärtsgerichtet
downswing
nAbwärtsschwingen nt
down-the-line
adj (inf: = uncompromising) → vorbehaltlos
downtime
nAusfallzeit f
down-to-earth
adj attitude, approachnüchtern; he’s very down (= practical)er steht mit beiden Füßen auf der Erde
downtown (esp US)
adv goin die (Innen)stadt, ins Stadtzentrum; live, be situatedin der (Innen)stadt, im Stadtzentrum
adj down Chicagodie Innenstadt or das Stadtzentrum von Chicago; the down areadas Stadtzentrum
down train
n Zug, der von der Stadt aufs Land fährt oder von der Hauptstadt abgeht
downtrend
n (Econ) → Abwärtstrend m; to be in or on a downsich im Abwärtstrend befinden
downtrodden
adj peopleunterdrückt, geknechtet
downturn
n (in prices, business) → Rückgang m, → Abflauen nt; to take a downzurückgehen, abflauen; his fortunes took a downsein Glücksstern sank
down under (inf)
n (= Australia)Australien nt; (= New Zealand)Neuseeland nt
adv be, livein Australien/Neuseeland; gonach Australien/Neuseeland

down

1
ADVERB

When down is an element in a phrasal verb, eg get down, sit down, stand down, write down, look up the verb.


indicating movement towards speaker → herunter; (away from speaker) → hinunter; (downstairs) → nach unten; to jump downherunter-/hinunterspringen; on his way down from the summitauf seinem Weg vom Gipfel herab/hinab; on the way down to Londonauf dem Weg nach London runter (inf); all the way down to the bottombis ganz nach unten; down! (to dog) → Platz!
? down with …!nieder mit …!
indicating static position → unten; down thereda unten; I’ll stay down hereich bleibe hier unten; down in the valleyunten im Tal; it needs a bit of paint down at the bottomes muss unten herum neu gestrichen werden; don’t kick a man when he’s down (fig)man soll jemanden nicht fertigmachen, wenn er schon angeschlagen ist or wenns ihm dreckig geht (inf); head downmit dem Kopf nach unten; the sun was downdie Sonne war untergegangen; the blinds were downdie Jalousien waren unten or heruntergelassen; John isn’t down yet (= still in bed)John ist noch nicht unten; I’ll be down in a minuteich komme sofort runter; to be down for the count (Boxing) → ausgezählt werden; I’ve been down with fluich habe mit Grippe (im Bett) gelegen ? dump N d
= to or in another place usu not translated he came down from London yesterdayer kam gestern aus London; he’s down in London/at his brother’ser ist in London/bei seinem Bruder; he lives down Souther wohnt im Süden; we’re going down Southwir fahren in den Süden; we’re going down to the seaside/to Doverwir fahren an die See/nach Dover
= below previous level his temperature is downsein Fieber ist zurückgegangen; his shoes were worn downseine Schuhe waren abgetragen; the price of meat is down on last weekder Fleischpreis ist gegenüber der letzten Woche gefallen; interest rates are down to/by 3%der Zinssatz ist auf/um 3% gefallen; I’m £20 down on what I expectedich habe £ 20 weniger als ich dachte; he’s down to his last £10er hat nur noch £ 10; they’re still three goals downsie liegen immer noch mit drei Toren zurück ? luck
in writing I’ve got it down in my diaryich habe es in meinem Kalender notiert; let’s get it down on paperschreiben wir es auf, halten wir es schriftlich fest; when you see it down on paperwenn man es schwarz auf weiß sieht; to be down for the next racefür das nächste Rennen gemeldet sein; it’s down for next monthes steht für nächsten Monat auf dem Programm
indicating range or succession usu not translated from the biggest downvom Größten angefangen; down through the agesvon jeher
? down to (= until)bis zu; from 1700 down to the presentseit 1700 bis zur Gegenwart; right down to the present daybis zum heutigen Tag; from the chairman (all the way) down to the doormanvom Vorsitzenden bis (herunter) zum Pförtner
indicating responsibility
? to be down to sb/sth (= caused by)an jdm/etw liegen; any mistakes are down to usirgendwelche Fehler liegen an uns; it’s down to you to decide (= your responsibility)die Entscheidung liegt bei Ihnen
as deposit to pay £20 down£ 20 anzahlen; I’ve put down a deposit on a new bikeich habe eine Anzahlung für ein neues Fahrrad gemacht; how much do they want down?was verlangen sie als Anzahlung?
PREPOSITION

indicating movement downwards to go/come down the hill/the stairs etcden Berg/die Treppe etc hinuntergehen/herunterkommen; he ran his finger down the lister ging (mit dem Finger) die Liste durch; her hair fell loose down her backsie trug ihr Haar offen über die Schultern
at a lower part of he’s already halfway down the hiller ist schon auf halbem Wege nach unten; the other skiers were further down the slopedie anderen Skifahrer waren weiter unten; she lives just down the streetsie wohnt ein Stückchen weiter die Straße entlang
= along he was walking/coming down the streeter ging/kam die Straße entlang; if you look down this road, you can see …wenn Sie diese Straße hinunterblicken, können Sie … sehen
= throughout down the centuriesdurch die Jahrhunderte (hindurch)
= to, in, at Brit inf he’s gone down the puber ist in die Kneipe gegangen; she’s down the shopssie ist einkaufen gegangen; he works down the garageer arbeitet in der Autowerkstatt
NOUN (= dislike)
? to have a down on sb (inf)jdn auf dem Kieker haben (inf) ? up
ADJECTIVE (inf)
= depressed he was (feeling) a bit downer fühlte sich ein wenig down (inf)or niedergeschlagen
= not working to be downaußer Betrieb sein; (Comput) → abgestürzt sein
TRANSITIVE VERB
opponentniederschlagen, zu Fall bringen; enemy planesabschießen, (he)runterholen (inf); (Ftbl etc, inf) playerlegen (inf); beer etcrunterkippen or -schütten (inf); to down toolsdie Arbeit niederlegen

down

2
n (= feathers)Daunen pl, → Flaumfedern pl; (= fine hair)Flaum m

down

3
n usu pl (Geog) → Hügelland nt no pl; on the down(s)im Hügelland

down

1 [daʊn]
1. adv
a. (movement) → giù; (to the ground) → giù, a terra; (to a dog) down!a cuccia!
get down! → scendi!
to fall down → cadere
to run down → correre giù
he came down from Glasgow → è venuto giù da Glasgow
from the year 1600 down to the present day → dal 1600 fino ai giorni nostri
from the biggest down to the smallest → dal più grande al più piccolo
down with traitors! → abbasso i traditori!
b. (position) → giù
down there → in fondo, laggiù
down here → quaggiù
the blinds are down → le tapparelle sono tirate giù or abbassate
to kick a man when he's down (fig) → uccidere un uomo morto
I'll be down in a minute → scendo tra un minuto
I've been down with flu → sono stato a letto con l'influenza
he lives down south → abita nel sud
the tyres are down → le gomme sono sgonfie or a terra
his temperature is down → la febbre gli è scesa
England is two goals down → l'Inghilterra sta perdendo per due goal
the price of meat is down → il prezzo della carne è sceso
write this down → scrivi
I've got it down in my diary → ce l'ho sulla mia agenda
you're down for the next race → sei iscritto alla prossima gara
c. (as deposit) to pay £20 downdare 20 sterline in acconto or di anticipo
2. prep (indicating movement) → giù per; (at a lower point on) → più giù
he ran his finger down the list → percorse la lista col dito
he went down the hill → discese la collina
he's down the hill → è in fondo alla collina
he lives down the street → abita un po' più giù
looking down this road, you can see ... → guardando fino in fondo alla strada, vedrai...
down the ages → nel corso della storia
he's gone down the pub/down town (fam) → è andato al pub/in città
3. adj (train, line) → che parte da una grande città
I'm feeling a bit down (fam) → mi sento un po' giù
4. vt (opponent) → atterrare (fam) (drink) → scolarsi
he downed a pint of beer → si è scolato una pinta di birra
to down tools (fig) → incrociare le braccia (fig)
5. n to have a down on sb (fam) → avercela con qn

down

2 [daʊn] n (on bird, in quilts) → piumino m inv; (on person, fruit) → peluria, lanugine f

down

3 [daʊn] n (hill) → collina, colle m

down1

(daun) adverb
1. towards or in a low or lower position, level or state. He climbed down to the bottom of the ladder.
2. on or to the ground. The little boy fell down and cut his knee.
3. from earlier to later times. The recipe has been handed down in our family for years.
4. from a greater to a smaller size, amount etc. Prices have been going down steadily.
5. towards or in a place thought of as being lower, especially southward or away from a centre. We went down from Glasgow to Bristol.
preposition
1. in a lower position on. Their house is halfway down the hill.
2. to a lower position on, by, through or along. Water poured down the drain.
3. along. The teacher's gaze travelled slowly down the line of children.
verb
to finish (a drink) very quickly, especially in one gulp. He downed a pint of beer.
ˈdownward adjective
leading, moving etc down. a downward curve.
ˈdownward(s) adverb
towards a lower position or state. The path led downward (s) towards the sea.
down-and-ˈout noun, adjective
(a person) having no money and no means of earning a living. a hostel for down-and-outs.
ˌdown-at-ˈheel adjective
shabby, untidy and not well looked after or well-dressed.
ˈdowncast adjective
(of a person) depressed; in low spirits. a downcast expression.
ˈdownfall noun
a disastrous fall, especially a final failure or ruin. the downfall of our hopes.
ˌdownˈgrade verb
to reduce to a lower level, especially of importance. His job was downgraded.
ˌdownˈhearted adjective
depressed and in low spirits, especially lacking the inclination to carry on with something. Don't be downhearted! – we may yet win.
ˌdownˈhill adverb
1. down a slope. The road goes downhill all the way from our house to yours.
2. towards a worse and worse state. We expected him to die, I suppose, because he's been going steadily downhill for months.
downˈhill racing noun
racing downhill on skis.
downˈhill skiing noun
ˌdown-in-the-ˈmouth adjective
miserable; in low spirits.
down payment
a payment in cash, especially to begin the purchase of something for which further payments will be made over a period of time.
ˈdownpour noun
a very heavy fall of rain.
ˈdownright adverb
plainly; there's no other word for it. I think he was downright rude!
adjective
He is a downright nuisance!
ˈdownstairs adjective
, ˌdownˈstairsadverb on or towards a lower floor. He walked downstairs; I left my book downstairs; a downstairs flat.
ˌdownˈstream adverb
further along a river towards the sea. We found/rowed the boat downstream.
ˌdown-to-ˈearth adjective
practical and not concerned with theories, ideals etc. She is a sensible, down-to-earth person.
ˈdowntown adjective
(American) the part (of a city) containing the main centres for business and shopping. downtown Manhattan.
ˌdownˈtown adverb
(also down town) in or towards this area. to go downtown; I was down town yesterday.
ˈdown-trodden adjective
badly treated; treated without respect. a down-trodden wife.
be/go down with
to be or become ill with. The children all went down with measles.
down on one's luck
having bad luck.
down tools
to stop working. When the man was sacked his fellow workers downed tools and walked out.
down with
get rid of. Down with the dictator!
get down to
to begin working seriously at or on. I must get down to some letters!
suit (someone) down to the ground
to suit perfectly. That arrangement will suit me down to the ground.

down2

(daun) noun
small, soft feathers. a quilt filled with down.
downie®duvetˈdowny adjective
soft, like feathers. the baby's downy hair.

down

إِلَى أَسْفَل dole ned hinunter κάτω abajo alas en bas dolje giù 下へ 아래로 omlaag ned na dole abaixo, para baixo вниз ner ลง aşağıda xuống 向下

down

adv. abajo, hacia abajo;
___ belowmás abajo;
v.
to cut ___recortar; reducir;
to lie ___acostarse, recostarse.

down

adj (fam, depressed) triste, deprimido; Are you feeling down?..¿Se siente triste?; adv hacia abajo; Look down..Mire hacia abajo.
References in classic literature ?
And if turning up my hair makes me one, I'll wear it in two tails till I'm twenty," cried Jo, pulling off her net, and shaking down a chestnut mane.
The clock struck six and, having swept up the hearth, Beth put a pair of slippers down to warm.
There is so much to do about the play for Christmas night," said Jo, marching up and down, with her hands behind her back, and her nose in the air.
You won't stop, I know, as long as you can trail round in a white gown with your hair down, and wear gold-paper jewelry.
March got her wet things off, her warm slippers on, and sitting down in the easy chair, drew Amy to her lap, preparing to enjoy the happiest hour of her busy day.
Don't stop to quirk your little finger and simper over your plate, Amy," cried Jo, choking on her tea and dropping her bread, butter side down, on the carpet in her haste to get at the treat.
I'll try and be what he loves to call me, `a little woman' and not be rough and wild, but do my duty here instead of wanting to be somewhere else," said Jo, thinking that keeping her temper at home was a much harder task than facing a rebel or two down South.
The car- penter, who had been a soldier in the Civil War, came into the writer's room and sat down to talk of building a platform for the purpose of raising the bed.
He, like the old writer, had a white mustache, and when he cried he puckered up his lips and the mustache bobbed up and down.
Pipe down and simmer down, you don't need to put me down or give me a dressing down.
Down have reached 12 All-Ireland semi-finals before this year and have lost seven.
Nonetheless, when comparing the three months ending June 30, 2006 to the same period this year, ad revenue was down 2.