draft


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to draft: bank draft, Military draft
click for a larger image
draft
horse pull contest

draft

 (drăft)
n.
1. A current of air in an enclosed area.
2. A device that regulates the flow or circulation of air.
3.
a. The act of pulling loads; traction.
b. Something that is pulled or drawn; a load.
c. A team of animals used to pull loads.
4. Nautical The depth of a vessel's keel below the water line, especially when loaded: a river vessel of shallow draft.
5. A heavy demand on resources.
6. A written order directing the payment of money from an account or fund.
7.
a. A gulp, swallow, or inhalation.
b. The amount taken in by a single act of drinking or inhaling.
c. A measured portion; a dose.
8.
a. The drawing of a liquid, as from a cask or keg.
b. An amount drawn: ordered two drafts of ale.
9.
a. The process or method of selecting one or more individuals from a group, as for a service or duty: a candidate who did not pursue the nomination, but accepted a draft by the party convention.
b. Compulsory enrollment in the armed forces; conscription.
c. A body of people selected or conscripted.
10. Sports A system in which the exclusive rights to new players are distributed among professional teams.
11.
a. The act of drawing in a fishing net.
b. The quantity of fish caught.
12.
a. Any of various stages in the development of a plan, document, or picture: a preliminary draft of a report; the final draft of a paper.
b. A representation of something to be constructed.
13. A narrow line chiseled on a stone to guide a stonecutter in leveling its surface.
14. A slight taper given a die to facilitate the removal of a casting.
15. An allowance made for loss in weight of merchandise.
v. draft·ed, draft·ing, drafts
v.tr.
1. To select from a group for some usually compulsory service: drafted into the army.
2. To select from a group for placement on a sports team.
3. To draw up a preliminary version of or plan for.
4. To create by thinking and writing; compose: draft a speech.
v.intr.
1. To work as a drafter.
2. To move, ride, or drive close behind a fast-moving object so as to take advantage of the slipstream, especially in a race.
adj.
1. Suited for or used for drawing heavy loads: oxen and other draft animals.
2. Drawn from a cask or tap: draft beer.
Idiom:
on draft
Drawn from a large container, such as a keg.

[Middle English draught, act of drawing or pulling, from Old English *dreaht; akin to dragan, to draw.]

draft

(drɑːft)
n
1. a plan, sketch, or drawing of something
2. a preliminary outline of a book, speech, etc
3. (Banking & Finance) another word for bill of exchange
4. a demand or drain on something
5. (General Engineering) the divergent duct leading from a water turbine to its tailrace
6. (Military) US selection for compulsory military service
7. (Military) detachment of military personnel from one unit to another
8. (Commerce) commerce an allowance on merchandise sold by weight
9. (Building) a line or narrow border that is chiselled on the surface of a stone to serve as a guide for levelling it
10. Austral and NZ a group of livestock separated from the rest of the herd or flock
vb (tr)
11. to draw up an outline or sketch for something: to draft a speech.
12. to prepare a plan or design of
13. (Military) to detach (military personnel) from one unit to another
14. (Military) chiefly US to select for compulsory military service
15. (Building) to chisel a draft on (stone, etc)
16.
a. to select (cattle or sheep) from a herd or flock
b. to select (farm stock) for sale
n, vb
(Brewing) the usual US spelling of draught1, draught2, draught3, draught4, draught5, draught6, draught7, draught8, draught11
[C16: variant of draught]
ˈdrafter n

draft

(dræft, drɑft)

n.
1. a drawing, sketch, or design.
2. a preliminary form of any writing, subject to revision, refinement, etc.
3. the act of drawing.
4. a current of air in any enclosed space, esp. in a room or chimney.
5. a device for regulating the current of air in a fireplace, etc.
6. an act of drawing or pulling loads.
7. something that is drawn or pulled; a haul.
8. an animal or team of animals used to pull a load.
9. the force required to pull a load.
10. the taking of supplies, money, etc., from a given source.
11. a selection of persons, as by lot, for military service, an athletic team, etc.
12. the persons so selected.
13. a bill of exchange.
14. beer or ale drawn from a cask.
15. an act of drinking or inhaling.
16. something that is drunk or inhaled; a drink or dose.
17. the depth to which a vessel is immersed when bearing a given load.
18. a quantity of fish caught.
19. Metall. the slight taper given to a pattern so that it may be drawn from the sand without injury to the mold.
20. a line or border chiseled at the edge of a stone, to serve as a guide in leveling the surfaces.
v.t.
21. to sketch.
22. to compose.
23. to draw or pull.
24. to select by draft, as for military service.
v.i.
25. to work as a draftsman.
26. Sports. to ride or drive close behind, as a bicycle or automobile, so as to benefit from the reduction in wind resistance created behind the leader.
adj.
27. used for drawing loads: a draft horse.
28. drawn from a cask rather than served from a bottle.
29. being a preliminary outline or sketch.
Idioms:
on draft, available to be drawn from a cask: beer on draft.
[1150–1200; c. Old High German traht, Old Norse drāttr; akin to Old English dragan to draw]
draft′a•ble, adj.
draft′er, n.

draft

1. The conscription of qualified citizens in military service.
2. The depth of water that a vessel requires to float freely; the depth of a vessel from the water line to the keel. See also active duty; Military Service; watercraft.

Draft, Draught

 a load; the quantity drawn forward; a chosen detachment of men. See also detachment, detail.
Examples: draft of bottlers, 1486; of calves, 1830; of cars; of cattle [culled from the herd], 1800; of eels [20 pounds]; of fish; of men, 1813; of sailors, 1890; of soldiers, 1756.

draught

draft

Draught and draft are both pronounced (/drɑːft/).

1. used as nouns

In British English, a draught is a current of air coming into a room or vehicle.

The draught from the window stirred the papers on her desk.
They used to open the windows and doors to create a draught.

In American English, this is spelled draft.

A draft of steamy air blew out at them and Meers said, 'Jesus, we left the heat on'.

In British English, draughts is a game played by two people with round pieces on a board like a chessboard. This game is called checkers in American English.

In both British and American English, a draft of a letter, book, or speech is an early version of it.

...the change from the first draft to the final printed version.
He showed me the draft of an article he was writing.
2. 'draft' used as a verb

Draft can also be a verb. In both British and American English, when people are drafted somewhere, they are moved there to do a particular job.

Extra staff were drafted from Paris to Rome.

In American English, if you are drafted, you are ordered to serve in one of the armed forces.

I was drafted into the navy.
He took a temporary job while he was waiting to be drafted.

In British English, you usually say that someone is called up.

He was called up for National Service in 1950 and served as a driver with the Royal Signals.

draft


Past participle: drafted
Gerund: drafting

Imperative
draft
draft
Present
I draft
you draft
he/she/it drafts
we draft
you draft
they draft
Preterite
I drafted
you drafted
he/she/it drafted
we drafted
you drafted
they drafted
Present Continuous
I am drafting
you are drafting
he/she/it is drafting
we are drafting
you are drafting
they are drafting
Present Perfect
I have drafted
you have drafted
he/she/it has drafted
we have drafted
you have drafted
they have drafted
Past Continuous
I was drafting
you were drafting
he/she/it was drafting
we were drafting
you were drafting
they were drafting
Past Perfect
I had drafted
you had drafted
he/she/it had drafted
we had drafted
you had drafted
they had drafted
Future
I will draft
you will draft
he/she/it will draft
we will draft
you will draft
they will draft
Future Perfect
I will have drafted
you will have drafted
he/she/it will have drafted
we will have drafted
you will have drafted
they will have drafted
Future Continuous
I will be drafting
you will be drafting
he/she/it will be drafting
we will be drafting
you will be drafting
they will be drafting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been drafting
you have been drafting
he/she/it has been drafting
we have been drafting
you have been drafting
they have been drafting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been drafting
you will have been drafting
he/she/it will have been drafting
we will have been drafting
you will have been drafting
they will have been drafting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been drafting
you had been drafting
he/she/it had been drafting
we had been drafting
you had been drafting
they had been drafting
Conditional
I would draft
you would draft
he/she/it would draft
we would draft
you would draft
they would draft
Past Conditional
I would have drafted
you would have drafted
he/she/it would have drafted
we would have drafted
you would have drafted
they would have drafted

Draft

The force required to pull an implement while in operation.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.draft - a document ordering the payment of moneydraft - a document ordering the payment of money; drawn by one person or bank on another
negotiable instrument - an unconditional order or promise to pay an amount of money
overdraft - a draft in excess of the credit balance
foreign bill, foreign draft - a bill of exchange that is drawn in one country and made payable in another
inland bill - a bill of exchange that is both drawn and made payable in the same country
redraft - a draft for the amount of a dishonored draft plus the costs and charges of drafting again
trade acceptance - a bill of exchange for a specific purchase; drawn on the buyer by the seller and bearing the buyer's acceptance
bank draft, banker's draft - a draft drawn by a bank against funds deposited in another bank
dividend warrant - an order of payment (such as a check payable to a shareholder) in which a dividend is paid
money order, postal order - a written order for the payment of a sum to a named individual; obtainable and payable at a post office
banker's acceptance, acceptance - banking: a time draft drawn on and accepted by a bank
bank check, check, cheque - a written order directing a bank to pay money; "he paid all his bills by check"
sight bill, sight draft - a draft payable on presentation
time bill, time draft - a draft payable at a specified future date
2.draft - a current of air (usually coming into a chimney or room or vehicle)
updraft - a strong upward air current
downdraft - a strong downward air current
air current, current of air, wind - air moving (sometimes with considerable force) from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure; "trees bent under the fierce winds"; "when there is no wind, row"; "the radioactivity was being swept upwards by the air current and out into the atmosphere"
3.draft - a preliminary sketch of a design or picturedraft - a preliminary sketch of a design or picture
sketch, study - preliminary drawing for later elaboration; "he made several studies before starting to paint"
4.draft - a serving of drink (usually alcoholic) drawn from a kegdraft - a serving of drink (usually alcoholic) drawn from a keg; "they served beer on draft"
quaff - a hearty draft
drink - a single serving of a beverage; "I asked for a hot drink"; "likes a drink before dinner"
5.draft - any of the various versions in the development of a written work; "a preliminary draft"; "the final draft of the constitution"
text, textual matter - the words of something written; "there were more than a thousand words of text"; "they handed out the printed text of the mayor's speech"; "he wants to reconstruct the original text"
6.draft - the depth of a vessel's keel below the surface (especially when loaded)
depth, deepness - the extent downward or backward or inward; "the depth of the water"; "depth of a shelf"; "depth of a closet"
7.draft - a regulator for controlling the flow of air in a fireplace
regulator - any of various controls or devices for regulating or controlling fluid flow, pressure, temperature, etc.
8.draft - a dose of liquid medicine; "he took a sleeping draft"
dose, dosage - a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time
9.draft - compulsory military servicedraft - compulsory military service    
militarisation, militarization, mobilization, mobilisation - act of assembling and putting into readiness for war or other emergency: "mobilization of the troops"
levy en masse, levy - the act of drafting into military service
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
10.draft - a large and hurried swallowdraft - a large and hurried swallow; "he finished it at a single gulp"
deglutition, swallow, drink - the act of swallowing; "one swallow of the liquid was enough"; "he took a drink of his beer and smacked his lips"
11.draft - the act of moving a load by drawing or pulling
pull, pulling - the act of pulling; applying force to move something toward or with you; "the pull up the hill had him breathing harder"; "his strenuous pulling strained his back"
Verb1.draft - draw up an outline or sketch for something; "draft a speech"
authorship, penning, writing, composition - the act of creating written works; "writing was a form of therapy for him"; "it was a matter of disputed authorship"
indite, pen, write, compose - produce a literary work; "She composed a poem"; "He wrote four novels"
2.draft - engage somebody to enter the army
levy, recruit, raise - cause to assemble or enlist in the military; "raise an army"; "recruit new soldiers"
enrol, enroll, recruit, inscribe, enter - register formally as a participant or member; "The party recruited many new members"
3.draft - make a blueprint of
design, plan - make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form; "design a better mousetrap"; "plan the new wing of the museum"

draft

noun
1. outline, plan, sketch, version, rough, abstract, blueprint, main points, delineation, preliminary form I rewrote his first draft.
2. money order, bill (of exchange), cheque, postal order The money was payable by a draft.
verb

draft

noun
1. The act of drawing or pulling a load:
2. An act of drinking or the amount swallowed:
Informal: swig.
Slang: belt.
3. Compulsory enrollment in military service:
4. A preliminary plan or version, as of a written work:
verb
1. To enroll compulsorily in military service:
2. To draw up a preliminary plan or version of:
adumbrate, block in (or out), outline, rough in (or out), sketch.
3. To devise and set down:
Translations
تَجْنيدتَجْنيد، فِرْقَه مُجَنَّدَهتَيَّارٌ هَوَائِيّكُمْبيالَه للدَّفِعمُسَوَّدَة
konceptnáčrtprůvanpovolatpříkaz
udkastvekselanvisningindkaldeindkaldelse
lähetamalonkssõjaväekohustussüvistõmbetuul
luonnosluonnostellaviima
nacrtpropuh
fogalmazvány
drög, uppkastgera uppkastherkvaîningkveîja til heròjónustuliîsmannasveit, sveit
下書き隙間風
외풍초안
apmataiatrankinė grupėimti į kariuomenękaro tarnybos vengimaspadaryti apmatus
atlasečeksiesauktiesaukumsizdarīt uzmetumu
ponorprievanvybraný oddiel
osnutekprepihvpoklicati
dragutkast
กระแสลมตั๋วแลกเงิน
taslaktaslak hazırlamaktertipaskere al maaskere almak/çağırmak
bản thảogió lùa

draft

[drɑːft]
A. N
1. (= outline) (in writing) → borrador m; (= drawing) → boceto m
2. (Mil) (= detachment) → destacamento m; (= reinforcements) → refuerzos mpl
the draft (US) (Mil) (= conscription) → la llamada a filas, el servicio militar
3. (Comm) (also banker's draft) → letra f de cambio, giro m
4. (Comput) → borrador m
5. (US) = draught
B. VT
1. (also draft out) [+ document] (= write) → redactar; [+ first attempt] → hacer un borrador de; [+ scheme] → elaborar, trazar
2. (Mil) (for specific duty) → destacar; (= send) → mandar (to a) (US) (Mil) (= conscript) → reclutar, llamar al servicio militar (fig) → forzar, obligar
C. CPD draft agreement Nproyecto m de (un) acuerdo
draft bill Nanteproyecto m de ley
draft board N (US) (Mil) → junta f de reclutamiento
draft card N (US) (Mil) → cartilla f militar
draft dodger N (US) (Mil) → prófugo m
draft excluder N (US) → burlete m
draft law N = draft bill draft horse (US) Ncaballo m de tiro
draft letter Nborrador m de carta; (more formal) → proyecto m de carta
draft version Nversión f preliminar

draft

[ˈdrɑːft]
n
(= version) [essay, chapter] → brouillon m; [contract, document] → version f préliminaire
(= payment order) → traite f
the draft (US) (= call-up) → la conscription f
vt
(= write first version of) [+ letter] → faire le brouillon de; [+ document, report] → rédiger une version préliminaire de
(= call up) to be drafted → être appelé(e) sous les drapeaux
see also draught
draft in
vt sep [+ worker, player] → affecterdraft dodger n (US)insoumis m

draft

n
(= rough outline)Entwurf m (also Comput)
(Fin, Comm) → Wechsel m, → Tratte f
(Mil, = group of men) → Sonderkommando nt
(US Mil: = group of conscripts) → Rekruten pl; (= conscription)Einberufung (zum Wehrdienst)
(US) = draught
(Comput) → Entwurf m; (printer command) → Entwurfsqualität f, → Draft(druck) m
vt
letter, speech, bill, contractentwerfen
(US Mil) conscripteinziehen, einberufen (into zu); to draft somebody to do something (Mil) → jdn dazu abkommandieren, etw zu tun; (fig)jdn beauftragen, etw zu tun; he was drafted into the England squader wurde für die englische Nationalmannschaft aufgestellt
attr (Comput) → Draft-; draft modeDraft-Modus m, → Draftmodus m

draft

:
draft board
n (US Mil) → Einberufungsbehörde f; (= panel)Einberufungsausschuss m
draft call
n (US Mil) → Einberufungsbescheid m
draft card
n (US Mil) → Wehrpass m
draft dodger
n (US Mil) Wehrpflichtiger, der sich vor dem Wehrdienst drückt, → Drückeberger m (pej inf)

draft

:
draft letter
nEntwurf meines/des Briefes
draft quality
n (of printout)Entwurfsqualität f
draft version
nEntwurf m

draft

[drɑːft]
1. n
a. (outline) → abbozzo, brutta (copia); (of contract, document) → minuta
draft letter → prima stesura (di una lettera)
b. (Mil) (detachment) → distaccamento
the draft (Am) (Mil, conscription) → la leva
c. (Comm) (also banker's draft) → tratta
d. (Am) = draught
2. vt
a. (also draft out) → abbozzare; (plan) → tracciare; (document, report) → stendere (in versione preliminare)
b. (Mil) (for specific duty) → distaccare (Am) (Mil) (conscript) → arruolare

draft

(draːft) noun
1. a rough sketch or outline of something, especially written. a rough draft of my speech.
2. a group (of soldiers etc) taken from a larger group.
3. an order (to a bank etc) for the payment of money. a draft for $80.
4. (American) conscription. He emigrated to avoid the draft.
verb
1. to make in the form of a rough plan. Could you draft a report on this?
2. (American) to conscript into the army etc. He was drafted into the Navy.
dodge the draft
to evade military service.
draft dodger (noun)
a person who illegally avoids joining the army.
draft evasion noun
evasion of military service.
draftsmandraughtsman

draft

تَيَّارٌ هَوَائِيّ, مُسَوَّدَة koncept, průvan træk, udkast Entwurf, Luftzug προσχέδιο, ρεύμα borrador, corriente, corriente de aire luonnos, viima brouillon, courant d’air nacrt, propuh bozza, corrente d'aria 下書き, 隙間風 외풍, 초안 ontwerp, tocht trekk, utkast przeciąg, szkic corrente de ar, rascunho проект, сквозняк drag, utkast กระแสลม, ตั๋วแลกเงิน cereyan, taslak bản thảo, gió lùa 穿堂风, 草稿

draft

1. n. líquido prescrito para ser tomado en una sola dosis;
2. [air] corriente de aire;
3. [art design] diseño, bosquejo.
References in classic literature ?
Strong, half-naked Indian paddlers were in charge of the canoes which were of sturdy construction and light draft, since the river, like most tropical streams, was of uncertain depths, choked here and there with sand bars or tropical growths.
It's ridiklous, perfectly ridiklous, Miss Christie; but not bein' in the habit of carryin' ready money, and havin' omitted to cash a draft on Wells, Fargo & Co.
The fact was, that Tom's home-yearnings had become so strong that he had begged a sheet of writing-paper of Eva, and, mustering up all his small stock of literary attainment acquired by Mas'r George's instructions, he conceived the bold idea of writing a letter; and he was busy now, on his slate, getting out his first draft.
I got simply the face of my draft, and no extra francs, whereas I had expected to get quite a number of them.
And at that very moment a door must have been opened somewhere downstairs; for a great rushing draft blew along the passage and the door of the room they sat in was blown open with a crash, and as they both jumped to their feet the light was blown out and the crying sound was swept down the far corridor so that it was to be heard more plainly than ever.
Lecount ordered a cup of tea, opened her writing-case, and began the rough draft of a letter to be sent to Miss Vanstone, the elder, by the morrow's post.
With a lightened heart, though with a profound sense of the weighty importance of my task, I devoted the whole afternoon to the composition of the draft of this letter; for which great purpose, Agnes relinquished her desk to me.
At a given moment in his wayward progress, an icy draft struck him in the face.
How on earth do you expect me to meet a draft of two hundred and seventy-five dollars without a dollar in the treasury, and with a debt of thirty thousand dollars staring us in the face?
That committee reported on the twelfth of July, eight days after the Declaration of Independence had been issued, a draft of articles of confederation between the colonies.
The curate consoled him, telling him that when his master was found he would get him to renew the order, and make a fresh draft on paper, as was usual and customary; for those made in notebooks were never accepted or honoured.
And although my own satisfaction with my work has led me to present here a draft of it, I do not by any means therefore recommend to every one else to make a similar attempt.