sleep

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Related to dreaming sleep: REM sleep

sleep

 (slēp)
n.
1.
a. A natural periodic state of rest for the mind and body, in which the eyes usually close and consciousness is completely or partially lost, so that there is a decrease in bodily movement and responsiveness to external stimuli. During sleep the brain in humans and other mammals undergoes a characteristic cycle of brain-wave activity that includes intervals of dreaming.
b. A period of this form of rest.
c. A state of inactivity resembling or suggesting sleep; unconsciousness, dormancy, hibernation, or death.
d. A state in which a computer shuts off or reduces power to its peripherals (such as the display or memory) in order to save energy during periods of inactivity.
2. Botany The folding together of leaflets or petals at night or in the absence of light.
3. A crust of dried tears or mucus normally forming around the inner rim of the eye during sleep.
v. slept (slĕpt), sleep·ing, sleeps
v.intr.
1. To be in the state of sleep or to fall asleep.
2. To be in a condition resembling sleep.
v.tr.
1. To pass or get rid of by sleeping: slept away the day; went home to sleep off the headache.
2. To provide sleeping accommodations for: This tent sleeps three comfortably.
Phrasal Verbs:
sleep around Informal
To have sexual relations with a number of different partners in casual encounters.
sleep in
1. To sleep at one's place of employment: a butler and a chauffeur who sleep in.
2.
a. To oversleep: I missed the morning train because I slept in.
b. To sleep late on purpose: After this week's work, I will sleep in on Saturday.
sleep on
To think about (something) overnight before deciding.
sleep out
1. To sleep at one's own home, not at one's place of employment.
2. To sleep away from one's home.
sleep over
To spend the night as a guest in another's home.
sleep together
To have sexual relations.
sleep with
To have sexual relations with.
Idiom:
sleep like a log/rock
To sleep very deeply.

[Middle English slepe, from Old English slǣp; see slēb- in Indo-European roots.]

sleep

(sliːp)
n
1. (Physiology) a periodic state of physiological rest during which consciousness is suspended and metabolic rate is decreased. See also paradoxical sleep
2. (Botany) botany the nontechnical name for nyctitropism
3. a period spent sleeping
4. a state of quiescence or dormancy
5. a poetic or euphemistic word for death
6. informal the dried mucoid particles often found in the corners of the eyes after sleeping
vb, sleeps, sleeping or slept
7. (Physiology) (intr) to be in or as in the state of sleep
8. (Botany) (intr) (of plants) to show nyctitropism
9. (intr) to be inactive or quiescent
10. (tr) to have sleeping accommodation for (a certain number): the boat could sleep six.
11. (foll by: away) to pass (time) sleeping
12. (intr) to fail to pay attention
13. (intr) poetic or euphemistic to be dead
14. sleep on it to give (something) extended consideration, esp overnight
[Old English slǣpan; related to Old Frisian slēpa, Old Saxon slāpan, Old High German slāfan, German schlaff limp]

sleep

(slip)

v. slept, sleep•ing,
n. v.i.
1. to take the rest afforded by a suspension of voluntary bodily functions and the natural suspension, complete or partial, of consciousness; to cease being awake.
2. Bot. to assume, esp. at night, a state similar to the sleep of animals, marked by closing of petals, leaves, etc.
3. to be dormant, quiescent, or inactive, as faculties.
4. to allow one's alertness or attentiveness to lie dormant.
5. to lie in death.
v.t.
6. to take rest in (a specified kind of sleep): to sleep the sleep of the innocent.
7. to have sleeping accommodations for: This trailer sleeps three people.
8. sleep around, to be sexually promiscuous.
9. sleep away,
a. to spend or pass (time) in sleep.
b. Also, sleep off. to get rid of (a headache, hangover, etc.) by sleeping.
10. sleep in,
a. (of domestic help) to sleep where one is employed.
b. to sleep beyond one's usual time of arising.
11. sleep on, to postpone making a decision about for at least a day.
12. sleep out, (of domestic help) to sleep away from one's place of employment.
13. sleep over, to sleep in another person's home.
14. sleep together, to be sexual partners.
15. sleep with, to have sexual relations with.
n.
16. the state of a person, animal, or plant that sleeps.
17. a period of sleeping.
18. dormancy or inactivity.
19. the repose of death.
[before 900; (v.) Middle English slepen, Old English slēpan, slǣpan, slāpan, c. Old High German slāfan, Gothic slepan]

sleep

(slēp)
A natural state of rest, occurring at regular intervals, in which the eyes usually close, the muscles relax, and responsiveness to external events decreases. Growth and repair of the tissues of the body are thought to occur during sleep, and energy is conserved and stored. In humans and some other animals, scientists have identified one phase of sleep (called REM sleep) as the phase in which dreams occur.
Did You Know? Shakespeare had it right. He said that sleep was the "balm of hurt minds" and that sleep "knits up the ravel'd sleeve of care." In other words, sleep helps overcome the stress of everyday life. So the third of your life you spend asleep is not a waste of time. All warm-blooded animals have the need to sleep. Studies have shown that animals that are not allowed to sleep for a long enough time can actually die. Babies, human and animal, sleep even more than adults do. Researchers think that babies may sleep so much because it helps the young body continue to develop quickly. Not only are babies' bodies growing, but their brains are, too—and sleep is very important for the brain. During sleep, the brain sorts through experiences and stores important new information for later use. This processing of experiences, in fact, is thought to be a major source of dreams.

Sleep

See also dreams; fatigue.

1. the process of hypnotizing oneself.
2. the resulting state.
the practice of hypnotism by Dr. James Braid, British physician, in the mid 19th century.
an obsession with bed rest.
an abnormal fear or dislike of going to bed.
Obsolete, the act of lulling or rocking to sleep.
the state of being dormant or inert.
a somnambulist, or sleepwalker.
somnambulism. — hypnobate, n.
the science dealing with the phenomena of sleep and hypnotism. See also hypnosis. — hypnologist, n. — hypnologic, hypnological, adj.
a mania for sleep.
the art or process of learning while asleep by means of lessons recorded on disk or tapes.
an abnormal fear of sleep.
the condition of sleepwalking only in the moonlight. Cf. somnambulism. — lunambulist, n. — lunambulistic, adj.
narcotherapy.
Medicine. a numbness often feit upon waking from sleep.
Pathology. a condition characterized by frequent and uncontrollable lapses into deep sleep. — narcoleptic, adj. — narcolept, n.
Psychiatry.
1. a method of treating certain mental disorders by inducing sleep through barbiturates.
2. a type of psychotherapy involving the use of hypnotic drugs. Also narcoanalysis. — narcotherapist, n.
somnambulism. Also noctambulation. — noctambulist, noctambule, n. — noctambulous, noctambulant, noctambulisdc, adj.
the condition of sleepwalking. Also called hypnobatia, noctambulism. — somnambulant, n., adj. — somnambulist, n. — somnambulistic, adj.
1. the tendency to talk in one’s sleep. Also somniloquy.
2. the words spoken. — somniloquist, n. — somniloquous, adj.
a state of sleep induced by hypnosis or mesmerism.
the condition of drowsiness or sleepiness. Also somnolency, somnolism. — somnolent, adj.

Sleep

 

See Also: DREAMS, SNORES

  1. Asleep and dreaming, like bees in cells of honey —Thomas McGuane

    The simile completed McGuane’s novel, The Sporting Club,

  2. As near to sleep as a runner waiting for the starter’s pistol —J. B. Priestley
  3. As sound asleep as a coon in a hollow log —Borden Deal
  4. Awoke … like some diver emerging from the depths of ocean —Francis King
  5. (Paul lay in his berth) between wakefulness and sleep, like a partially anesthetized patient —John Cheever
  6. (Mr. Samuel Pickwick) burst like another sun from his slumbers —Charles Dickens
  7. Came out of a deep sleep slowly, like a diver pausing at each successive level —Norman Garbo
  8. Come from sleep as if returning from a far country —Mary Hedin

    The simile which begins the story, Blue Transfer, continues with, “A stranger to myself, a stranger to my life.”

  9. Doze and dream like a lazy snake —George Garrett
  10. Drowsy as an audience for a heavy speech after an even heavier dinner —Anon
  11. Emerges from slumber like some deep-sea creature hurled floundering and gasping up into the light of day by a depth-charge —Francis King
  12. Fell into a sleep as blank as paving-stone —Patrick White
  13. Felt himself falling asleep like gliding down a long slide, like slipping from a float into deep water —Oakley Hall
  14. Heavy with sleep, like faltering, lisping tongues —Boris Pasternak
  15. I shall sleep like a top —Sir William Davenant

    This simile has outlived the play from which it is taken, The Rivals, as a colloquial expression. A somewhat different version, “Slept like any top” appeared in the German children’s story, Struwelpeter, by Heinrich Hoffman.

  16. I want sleep to water me like begonias —Diane Wakoski
  17. Kept falling in and out of it [sleep] like out of a boat or a tipping hammock —Rose Tremain
  18. Lies asleep as softly as a girl dreaming of lovers she cannot keep —F. D. Reeve

    Reeves, a poet, is describing a river.

  19. Lying awake like a worried parent —Robert Silverberg
  20. Nodding, like a tramp on a park bench —Robert Traver
  21. Not sleeping but dozing awake like a snake on stone —Malcolm Cowley
  22. Sleep as smooth as banana skins —Diane Wakoski

    See Also: SMOOTHNESS

  23. Sleep came over my head like a gunny sack —Ross Macdonald
  24. Sleep covered him like a breaker —Harris Downey
  25. Sleep fell on her like a blow —Hortense Calisher
  26. Sleeping like a lake —Theodore Roethke
  27. Sleeping like a stone in an empty alcove of the cathedral —Clive Cussler
  28. Sleep like a dark flood suspended in its course —Percy Bysshe Shelley
  29. Sleep like a kitten, arrive fresh as a daisy —Slogan, Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad
  30. Slept like a cocked pistol —Émile Zola
  31. Slept a great deal, as if years of fatigue had overtaken him —Peter Matthiessen
  32. Slept almost smiling, as if she had a secret —William Mcllvanney
  33. (He usually) slept like a corpse —Ring Lardner
  34. (While the Weary Blues echoed through his head, he) slept like a rock or a man that’s dead —Langston Hughes
  35. Slept like he’d gone twelve rounds with a pro —Geoffrey Wolff

    See Also: WEARINESS

  36. Slumber fell on their tired eyelids like the light rain of spring upon the fresh-turned earth —W. Somerset Maugham
  37. Sunk into sleep like a stone dropped in a well —John Yount
  38. Wake abruptly, with an alarm clock which breaks up their sleep like the blow of an ax —Milan Kundera

Sleep

 

drive one’s pigs to market To snore loudly, to log ZZZs. The allusion is probably to the snorting noises of swine being herded to market. This expression is apparently an elaboration of the phrase to drive pigs ‘to snore,’ dating from the early 19th century.

forty winks A brief nap; a short period of relaxation. This expression, clearly derived from the closed-eye position assumed during sleep, nevertheless implies that the resting person will not fall sound asleep. It is reputed that the first literary use of the phrase appeared in the November 16, 1872, issue of Punch, in which the writer surmised that the reading of the Thirty-nine Articles of faith by the communicants of the Anglican Church was indeed a somniferous ordeal:

If a … man, after reading steadily through the Thirty-nine Articles, were to take forty winks. …

hit the deck See EXCLAMATIONS.

hit the sack To go to bed; to retire for the night; also, hit the hay. During World War II, sack was substituted for “bed” among American soldiers as an allusion to the sleeping bags or blankets they used as beds. J. J. Fahey used the expression in Pacific War Diary (1943):

I hit the sack at 8 P.M. I slept under the stars on a steel ammunition box two feet wide.

Variations of the phrase include sack time, sack drill, and sack duty, all military slang for time spent asleep; sack artist, a soldier who is adept at obtaining extra sleep; and sack out, a common term for sleeping until fully refreshed.

in the arms of Morpheus In deep sleep; overcome with the desire to sleep. In Greek mythology Morpheus was the god of dreams. The narcotic morphine, which dulls pain and induces sleep, gets its name from the same deity.

in the Land of Nod Asleep; in dreamland. After Cain killed Abel, he was banished to wander in the Land of Nod (Genesis 4:16). Land of Nod did not mean sleep until Swift made a pun on the Biblical phrase in his Complete Collection of Genteel and Ingenious Conversation (1730). Today Nod retains the meaning of sleep.

In the nighttime, when human beings … are absent in the Land of Nod. (Chambers, Journal of Popular Literature, 1900)

saw wood To sleep soundly; to snore. This expression came into popular use in the early 20th century primarily as a result of the commonly employed cartoonist’s technique of representing sleep with a drawing of a saw cutting through wood, alluding, of course, to the sound of snoring.

shut-eye Sleep. A 20th-century American colloquialism.

That shut-eye done me good. (Boyd Cable, Old Contempt, 1919)

sleep like a top To sleep soundly, like a log; to be dead to the world. The rationale for the seemingly anomalous reference to a top is explained by Anne Baker in Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and Phrases (1854):

A top sleeps when it moves with such velocity, and spins so smoothly, that its motion is imperceptible.

Likewise, when a Yo-Yo spins swiftly at the end of its string, it is said to “sleep,” without apparent motion. By extension, then, though a person in a deep, peaceful sleep may seem totally motionless, his internal systems are actually working at a high level of efficiency.

Juan slept like a top, or like the dead. (George Gordon, Lord Byron, Don Juan, 1819)

sleep

asleep
1. 'sleep'

Sleep can be a noun or a verb. The past tense and -ed participle of the verb is slept.

Sleep is the natural state of rest in which you are unconscious with your eyes closed.

I haven't been getting enough sleep recently.

To sleep means to be in this state of rest.

He was so excited he could hardly sleep.
I had not slept for three days.
2. 'asleep'

If someone is in this state, you can use the progressive form and say they are sleeping, but it is more common to say that they are asleep. Don't say, for example, 'He sleeps'.

She was asleep when we walked in.
I thought someone had been in the house while I was sleeping.

To say how long someone was in this state, or to talk about where or how someone usually sleeps, use sleep rather than asleep.

She slept for almost ten hours.
Where does the baby sleep?

Be Careful!
Asleep is only used after a verb. Don't use it in front of a noun. Don't, for example, say 'an asleep child'. Instead use sleeping.

I glanced down at the sleeping figure.
She was carrying a sleeping baby.

Don't say that someone is 'very asleep' or 'completely asleep'. Instead say that they are sound asleep or fast asleep.

The baby is still sound asleep.
You were fast asleep when I left.
3. 'go to sleep'

When someone changes from being awake to being asleep, you say that they go to sleep.

Both the children had gone to sleep.
Go to sleep and stop worrying about it.
4. 'fall asleep'

When someone goes to sleep suddenly or unexpectedly, you say that they fall asleep.

The moment my head touched the pillow I fell asleep.
Marco fell asleep watching TV.
5. 'get to sleep'

When someone goes to sleep with difficulty, for example because of noise or worries, you say that they get to sleep.

Could you turn that radio down – I'm trying to get to sleep.
I didn't get to sleep until four in the morning.
6. 'go back to sleep'

When someone goes to sleep again after being woken up, you say that they go back to sleep.

She rolled over and went back to sleep.
Go back to sleep, it's only five a.m.
7. 'send someone to sleep'

If something causes you to sleep, you say that it sends you to sleep.

I brought him a hot drink, hoping it would send him to sleep.
I tried to read the books but they sent me to sleep.

sleep


Past participle: slept
Gerund: sleeping

Imperative
sleep
sleep
Present
I sleep
you sleep
he/she/it sleeps
we sleep
you sleep
they sleep
Preterite
I slept
you slept
he/she/it slept
we slept
you slept
they slept
Present Continuous
I am sleeping
you are sleeping
he/she/it is sleeping
we are sleeping
you are sleeping
they are sleeping
Present Perfect
I have slept
you have slept
he/she/it has slept
we have slept
you have slept
they have slept
Past Continuous
I was sleeping
you were sleeping
he/she/it was sleeping
we were sleeping
you were sleeping
they were sleeping
Past Perfect
I had slept
you had slept
he/she/it had slept
we had slept
you had slept
they had slept
Future
I will sleep
you will sleep
he/she/it will sleep
we will sleep
you will sleep
they will sleep
Future Perfect
I will have slept
you will have slept
he/she/it will have slept
we will have slept
you will have slept
they will have slept
Future Continuous
I will be sleeping
you will be sleeping
he/she/it will be sleeping
we will be sleeping
you will be sleeping
they will be sleeping
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sleeping
you have been sleeping
he/she/it has been sleeping
we have been sleeping
you have been sleeping
they have been sleeping
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sleeping
you will have been sleeping
he/she/it will have been sleeping
we will have been sleeping
you will have been sleeping
they will have been sleeping
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sleeping
you had been sleeping
he/she/it had been sleeping
we had been sleeping
you had been sleeping
they had been sleeping
Conditional
I would sleep
you would sleep
he/she/it would sleep
we would sleep
you would sleep
they would sleep
Past Conditional
I would have slept
you would have slept
he/she/it would have slept
we would have slept
you would have slept
they would have slept
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sleep - a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspendedsleep - a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended; "he didn't get enough sleep last night"; "calm as a child in dreamless slumber"
sleeping - the state of being asleep
nonrapid eye movement, nonrapid eye movement sleep, NREM, NREM sleep, orthodox sleep - a recurring sleep state during which rapid eye movements do not occur and dreaming does not occur; accounts for about 75% of normal sleep time
paradoxical sleep, rapid eye movement, rapid eye movement sleep, REM, REM sleep - a recurring sleep state during which dreaming occurs; a state of rapidly shifting eye movements during sleep
shuteye - informal term for sleep
physical condition, physiological condition, physiological state - the condition or state of the body or bodily functions
2.sleep - a torpid state resembling deep sleep
physical condition, physiological condition, physiological state - the condition or state of the body or bodily functions
3.sleep - a period of time spent sleepingsleep - a period of time spent sleeping; "he felt better after a little sleep"; "there wasn't time for a nap"
period, period of time, time period - an amount of time; "a time period of 30 years"; "hastened the period of time of his recovery"; "Picasso's blue period"
beauty sleep - sleep before midnight
kip - sleep; "roused him from his kip"
4.sleep - euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb); "she was laid to rest beside her husband"; "they had to put their family pet to sleep"
death - the absence of life or state of being dead; "he seemed more content in death than he had ever been in life"
Verb1.sleep - be asleep
rest - be at rest
practice bundling, bundle - sleep fully clothed in the same bed with one's betrothed
catch a wink, catnap, nap - take a siesta; "She naps everyday after lunch for an hour"
sleep in, sleep late - sleep later than usual or customary; "On Sundays, I sleep in"
hibernate, hole up - sleep during winter; "Bears must eat a lot of food before they hibernate in their caves"
aestivate, estivate - sleep during summer; "certain animals estivate"
sleep in, sleep late - sleep later than usual or customary; "On Sundays, I sleep in"
live in, sleep in - live in the house where one works; "our babysitter lives in, as it is too far to commute for her"
sleep out, live out - work in a house where one does not live; "our cook lives out; he can easily commute from his home"
wake - be awake, be alert, be there
2.sleep - be able to accommodate for sleeping; "This tent sleeps six people"
accommodate, admit, hold - have room for; hold without crowding; "This hotel can accommodate 250 guests"; "The theater admits 300 people"; "The auditorium can't hold more than 500 people"

sleep

noun
1. slumber(s), rest, nap, doze, kip (Brit. slang), snooze (informal), repose, hibernation, siesta, dormancy, beauty sleep (informal), forty winks (informal), shuteye (slang), zizz (Brit. informal) Try and get some sleep.
verb
1. slumber, drop off (informal), doze, kip (Brit. slang), snooze (informal), snore, hibernate, nod off (informal), take a nap, catnap, drowse, go out like a light, take forty winks (informal), zizz (Brit. informal), be in the land of Nod, rest in the arms of Morpheus I've not been able to sleep for the last few nights.
2. accommodate, take, house, hold, lodge, cater for, have space for, have beds for The villa sleeps 10.
get to sleep fall asleep, drop off, nod off I can't get to sleep with all that noise.
lose any or much sleep about or over something worry, brood, fret, obsess, be anxious, agonize, feel uneasy, get distressed I didn't lose any sleep over that investigation.
put something to sleep put down, destroy, put out of its misery We took the dog down to the vet's and had her put to sleep.
sleep over stay the night, stay over She said his friends could sleep over.
sleep together have sex, have sexual intercourse, make love, fuck (taboo slang), screw (taboo slang), shag (taboo slang), do the business, get it on (informal), fornicate (archaic), go to bed together I'm pretty sure they slept together.
sleep with someone have sex with, make love with, fuck (taboo slang), screw (taboo slang), shag (taboo slang), go to bed with, have sexual intercourse with, get it on with (informal), do the business with, fornicate with (archaic) He was old enough to sleep with a girl and make her pregnant.
Related words
like hypnomania
fear hypnophobia
Quotations
"Oh Sleep! it is a gentle thing,"
"Beloved from pole to pole,"
"To Mary Queen the praise be given!"
"She sent the gentle sleep from Heaven,"
"That slid into my soul" [Samuel Taylor Coleridge The Ancient Mariner]
"Come, sleep, O sleep, the certain knot of peace,"
"The baiting place of wit, the balm of woe" [Philip Sidney Astrophil and Stella]
"to sleep: perchance to dream" [William Shakespeare Hamlet]
"sleep the twin of death" [Homer Iliad]
"The sleep of a labouring man is sweet" Bible: Ecclesiastes
"Care-charmer Sleep, son of the sable Night,"
"Brother to Death, in silent darkness born" [Samuel Daniel Delia]
"Care-charming Sleep, thou easer of all woes,"
"Brother to Death" [John Fletcher Wit Without Money]
"I sleep like a baby. I wake up every 10 minutes screaming" [Boris Jordan]
Proverbs
"One hour's sleep before midnight is worth two after"

sleep

noun
The natural recurring condition of suspended consciousness by which the body rests:
Slang: shuteye.
Idioms: land of Nod, the arms of Morpheus.
verb
To be asleep:
Idioms: be in the land of Nod, catch some shuteye, sleep like a log, sleep tight.
phrasal verb
sleep in
To sleep longer than intended:
phrasal verb
sleep with
To engage in sexual relations with:
Translations
spánekspát
sovesøvn
dormo
uni
nukkuaunirähmäuinua
sanspavati
alszikalvás
tidur
sofastírursvefbsvefn
眠り眠る睡眠仮眠宿泊する
자다
dormiresomnus
apsimiegojęsapsimiegojusapsnūdęsatsimiegotibemiegis
gulētmiegsguldīt
slaapslapente slapen leggenonderbrengen
dormisomn
spať
spatispanje
спавати
sömnsovagodmorgongomorronligga med
kulalausingizi
การนอนหลับนอน
ngungủtrạng thái ngủ

sleep

[sliːp] (slept (vb: pt, pp))
A. N
1. (= rest) → sueño m
lack of sleepfalta f de sueño
I need some sleepnecesito dormir
to drop off to sleepquedarse dormido
he fell into a deep sleepse quedó profundamente dormido
I couldn't get to sleepno podía dormirme or conciliar el sueño
to go to sleep [person] → dormirse, quedarse dormido; (= limb) → dormirse
to have a sleepdormir
to have a good night's sleepdormir bien (durante) toda la noche
to have a little sleepdormir un rato, descabezar un sueño
I shan't lose any sleep over iteso no me va a quitar el sueño
to put sb to sleep [+ patient] → dormir a algn
to put an animal to sleep (euph) (= kill) → sacrificar un animal
to send sb to sleep (= bore) → dormir a algn
to talk in one's sleephablar en sueños
to walk in one's sleeppasearse dormido; (habitually) → ser sonámbulo
she walked downstairs in her sleepestando dormida bajó la escalera
I didn't get a wink of sleep all nightno pegué ojo en toda la noche
to sleep the sleep of the justdormir a pierna suelta
2. (in eyes) → legañas fpl
B. VT
1. (= accommodate) we can sleep fourhay cama para cuatro
can you sleep all of us?¿hay cama(s) para todos nosotros?
2. (= rest) → dormir
I only slept a couple of hourssólo dormí un par de horas
to sleep the hours awaypasar las horas durmiendo
C. VIdormir
I couldn't sleep last nightanoche no pude dormir
to sleep deeplydormir profundamente or a pierna suelta
to sleep heavily (habitually) → tener el sueño pesado; (on particular occasion) → dormir profundamente
to sleep lightly (habitually) → tener el sueño ligero
she was sleeping lightlyno estaba profundamente dormida
to sleep on sth (fig) → consultar algo con la almohada
to sleep out (= not at home) → dormir fuera de casa; (= in open air) → dormir al aire libre, pasar la noche al raso
to sleep soundlydormir profundamente or a pierna suelta
he was sleeping soundlyestaba profundamente dormido
he slept through the alarm clockno oyó el despertador
I slept through till the afternoondormí hasta la tarde
sleep tight!¡que duermas bien!, ¡que descanses!
to sleep with sb (euph) (= have sex) → acostarse con algn
to sleep like a log or top or babydormir como un tronco
see also rough B
sleep around VI + ADVirse a la cama con cualquiera
sleep away VT + ADV to sleep the morning awaypasarse la mañana durmiendo
sleep in VI + ADV (deliberately) → dormir hasta tarde; (accidentally) → quedarse dormido
sleep off VT + ADV to sleep off a big dinnerdormir hasta que baje una cena grande
she's sleeping off the effects of the drugduerme hasta que desaparezcan los efectos de la droga
to sleep it off sleep off a hangoverdormir la mona, dormir la curda
sleep over VI + ADVpasar la noche
sleep together VI + ADV
1. (= share a room or bed) → dormir juntos
2. (= have sex) → acostarse juntos

sleep

[ˈsliːp]
nsommeil m
I need some sleep
BUT J'ai besoin de dormir.
to go to sleep → s'endormir
to get to sleep → s'endormir
I can't get to sleep → Je n'arrive pas à m'endormir., Je n'arrive pas à trouver le sommeil.
to have a good night's sleep → passer une bonne nuit
to lose sleep over sth
I didn't lose any sleep over it → Ça ne m'a pas empêché de dormir.
to put sb to sleep [+ patient] → endormir qn
to put an animal to sleep (= kill) → piquer un animal
vi [slept] (pt, pp)
(= be asleep) → dormir
I couldn't sleep last night → J'ai mal dormi la nuit dernière.
to sleep lightly → avoir le sommeil léger
(= spend night) → dormir, coucher
to sleep with sb (= have sex) → coucher avec qn
to sleep together → coucher ensemble
to sleep on it (= think about overnight)
Why don't you sleep on it and give me an answer tomorrow → Réfléchissez-y ce soir et donnez-moi votre réponse demain.
vt (= have room for) [house] → loger
We can sleep four → On peut loger quatre personnes., On peut coucher quatre personnes.
modif [pattern, cycle, problem] → de sommeil; [disorder, disturbance] → du sommeil sleep deprivation
sleep around
vicoucher à droite et à gauche
sleep in
vi
(= lie late) → faire la grasse matinée
(= oversleep) → se réveiller trop tard
I'm sorry I'm late, I slept in → Désolé d'être en retard: je ne me suis pas réveillé.sleep deprivation nmanque m de sommeil

sleep

vb: pret, ptp <slept>
n
Schlaf m; to go to sleep (person, limb) → einschlafen; to drop off to sleep (person) → einschlafen; I couldn’t get to sleep last nightich konnte letzte Nacht nicht einschlafen; try and get some sleepversuche, etwas zu schlafen; to have a sleep(etwas) schlafen; to have a good night’s sleepsich richtig ausschlafen, richtig schlafen; to put somebody to sleep (person, cocoa etc) → jdn zum Schlafen bringen; (drug) → jdn einschläfern; to put an animal to sleep (euph)ein Tier einschläfern; that film sent me to sleepbei dem Film bin ich eingeschlafen; to walk in one’s sleepschlafwandeln; to talk in one’s sleepim Schlaf sprechen
(Brit inf: in eyes) you’ve got some sleep (in your eyes)du hast noch Schlaf in den Augen (inf)
vt
to sleep the day awayden ganzen Tag verschlafen; to sleep the sleep of the justden Schlaf des Gerechten schlafen; to sleep the sleep of the dead or the last sleepden ewigen or letzten Schlaf schlafen (liter)
(= accommodate)unterbringen; the house sleeps 10in dem Haus können 10 Leute schlafen or übernachten
vischlafen; to sleep like a log or top or babywie ein Klotz or wie ein Murmeltier schlafen; to sleep latelange schlafen; to sleep right round the clockrund um die Uhr schlafen; the village slept (liter)das Dorf schlief (geh); you must have been sleeping (fig)da musst du geschlafen haben

sleep

:
sleepover
nÜbernachtung f (bei Freunden, Bekannten etc)
sleepwalk
vischlafwandeln; he was sleepinger hat or ist geschlafwandelt
sleepwalker
nSchlafwandler(in) m(f)
sleepwalking
nSchlafwandeln nt
sleepwear
nNachtwäsche f

sleep

[sliːp] (slept (vb: pt, pp))
1. nsonno
deep or sound sleep → sonno profondo
to have a good night's sleep → farsi una bella dormita
to drop off or go to sleep → addormentarsi
to go to sleep (limb) → intorpidirsi
to put to sleep (patient) → anestetizzare (animal) (euph) (kill) → abbattere
to talk in one's sleep → parlare nel sonno
to walk in one's sleep → camminare nel sonno (as a habit) → essere sonnambulo/a
to send sb to sleep (bore) → far addormentare qn
I shan't lose any sleep over it (fig) → non starò a perderci il sonno
2. vt we can sleep fourabbiamo quattro posti letto, possiamo alloggiare quattro persone
3. vidormire
to sleep like a log or top → dormire della grossa or come un ghiro
he was sleeping soundly or deeply → era profondamente addormentato
to sleep lightly → avere il sonno leggero
let's sleep on it (fig) → la notte porta consiglio, dormiamoci sopra
sleep tight! → sogni d'oro!
I slept through the storm/alarm clock → non ho sentito il temporale/la sveglia
he slept at his mother's → ha dormito dalla mamma
to sleep with sb (euph) (have sex) → andare a letto con qn
sleep around vi + adv (fam) → andare a letto con tutti
sleep in vi + adv (lie late) → alzarsi tardi; (oversleep) → dormire fino a tardi
sleep off vt + adv to sleep sth offsmaltire qc dormendo
sleep out vi + advdormire all'aperto

sleep

(sliːp) past tense, past participle slept (slept) verb
to rest with the eyes closed and in a state of natural unconsciousness. Goodnight – sleep well!; I can't sleep – my mind is too active.
noun
(a) rest in a state of natural unconsciousness. It is bad for you to have too little sleep, since it makes you tired; I had only four hours' sleep last night.
ˈsleeper noun
1. a person who sleeps. Nothing occurred to disturb the sleepers.
2. a berth or compartment for sleeping, on a railway train. I'd like to book a sleeper on the London train.
ˈsleepless adjective
without sleep. He spent a sleepless night worrying about the situation.
ˈsleepy adjective
1. inclined to sleep; drowsy. I feel very sleepy after that long walk.
2. not (seeming to be) alert. She always has a sleepy expression.
3. (of places etc) very quiet; lacking entertainment and excitement. a sleepy town.
ˈsleepily adverb
ˈsleepiness noun
ˈsleeping-bag noun
a kind of large warm bag for sleeping in, used by campers etc.
ˈsleeping-pill / ˈsleeping-tablet nouns
a kind of pill that can be taken to make one sleep. She tried to commit suicide by swallowing an overdose of sleeping-pills.
ˈsleepwalk verb
to walk about while asleep. She was sleepwalking again last night.
ˈsleepwalker noun
put to sleep
1. to cause (a person or animal) to become unconscious by means of an anaesthetic; to anaesthetize. The doctor will give you an injection to put you to sleep.
2. to kill (an animal) painlessly, usually by the injection of a drug. As she was so old and ill my cat had to be put to sleep.
sleep like a log/top
to sleep very well and soundly.
sleep off
to recover from (something) by sleeping. She's in bed sleeping off the effects of the party.
sleep on
to put off making a decision about (something) overnight. I'll sleep on it and let you know tomorrow.

sleep

نَوْم, يَنَامُ spánek, spát sove, søvn Schlaf, schlafen κοιμάμαι, ύπνος dormir, sueño nukkua, uni dormir, sommeil san, spavati dormire, sonno 眠り, 眠る 자다, 잠 slaap, slapen sove, søvn sen, spać dormir, sono сон, спать sömn, sova การนอนหลับ, นอน uyku, uyumak ngủ, trạng thái ngủ 睡眠, 睡觉

sleep

n. sueño;
balmy ______ reparador;
___ apneaapnea intermitente que ocurre durante el sueño;
___ cyclesciclos del ___;
___ disorderstrastornos del ___;
___ stagesfases del ___;
twilight ______ crepuscular;
vi. dormir; dormirse;
to ___ soundly___ profundamente.

sleep

n sueño; (eye secretions) legaña, lagaña (Amer); — apnea apnea del sueño; to go to — dormirse, quedarse dormido; Do you have trouble going to sleep?..¿Tiene dificultad para dormirse (quedarse dormido)?...Does your arm go to sleep?..¿Se le duerme el brazo?; to go without — ir sin dormir, trasnochar, desvelarse; to put to — (to anesthetize) anestesiar (form), dormir; We will put you to sleep for the operation.. Lo vamos a anestesiar (dormir) para la operación; vi (pret & pp slept) dormir
References in periodicals archive ?
Dreaming sleep, which seems to be a necessity for man, may also be crucial for cats.
Checks on brain electrical activity suggested that this process might be happening in a sleep phase between deep sleep, and dreaming sleep, called stage 2 non-rapid eye movement sleep, when fact-based memories are moved from "temporary storage" in the brain's hippocampus to another area called the pre-frontal cortex.
Once this dreaming sleep ends, the app wakes up the user within a minute to boost the chances of them remembering the dream.